Millennium: 2nd millennium
1827 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1827
Ab urbe condita2580
Armenian calendar1276
Assyrian calendar6577
Balinese saka calendar1748–1749
Bengali calendar1234
Berber calendar2777
British Regnal yearGeo. 4 – 8 Geo. 4
Buddhist calendar2371
Burmese calendar1189
Byzantine calendar7335–7336
Chinese calendar丙戌年 (Fire Dog)
4523 or 4463
    — to —
丁亥年 (Fire Pig)
4524 or 4464
Coptic calendar1543–1544
Discordian calendar2993
Ethiopian calendar1819–1820
Hebrew calendar5587–5588
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1883–1884
 - Shaka Samvat1748–1749
 - Kali Yuga4927–4928
Holocene calendar11827
Igbo calendar827–828
Iranian calendar1205–1206
Islamic calendar1242–1243
Japanese calendarBunsei 10
Javanese calendar1754–1755
Julian calendarGregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar4160
Minguo calendar85 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar359
Thai solar calendar2369–2370
Tibetan calendar阳火狗年
(male Fire-Dog)
1953 or 1572 or 800
    — to —
(female Fire-Pig)
1954 or 1573 or 801

1827 (MDCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1827th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 827th year of the 2nd millennium, the 27th year of the 19th century, and the 8th year of the 1820s decade. As of the start of 1827, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.



  • January 5 – The first regatta in Australia is held, taking place on Tasmania (called at the time Van Diemen's Land), on the River Derwent at Hobart.
  • January 15 – Furman University, founded in 1826, begins its first classes with 10 students, as the Furman Academy and Theological Institution, located at Edgefield, South Carolina. By the end of 2016, it will have 2,800 students at its main campus in Greenville, South Carolina.
  • January 27 – Author Johann Wolfgang von Goethe first elaborates on his vision of Weltliteratur (world literature), in a letter to Johann Peter Eckermann, declaring his belief that "poetry is the universal possession of mankind", and that "the epoch of world literature is at hand, and each must work to hasten its coming."
  • January 30 – The first public theatre in Norway, the Christiania Offentlige Theater, is inaugurated in Oslo.
  • February 20 – Battle of Ituzaingó (Passo do Rosário): A Brazilian Imperial Army force is tactically defeated by Argentine–Uruguayan troops.
  • February 28 – The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is incorporated, becoming the first railroad in the United States offering commercial transportation of both people and freight.
  • March 7
  • March 11 – The new state constitution for the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas is ratified, including a phasing-out of slavery in its Article 13, which declares that "From and after the promulgation of the constitution in the capital of each district, no one shall be born a slave in the state, and after six months the introduction of slaves under any pretext shall not be permitted." The prohibition of importing slaves from the United States was lifted when Texas declared independence in 1836, and the Republic of Texas Constitution provided specifically that Africans and "the descendants of Africans" will not be considered "citizens of the republic".
  • March 16 – Freedom's Journal, the first African-American owned and published newspaper in the United States, is founded in New York City by John Russwurm.
  • March 26 – German composer Ludwig van Beethoven dies in Vienna, after a prolonged illness. Thousands of citizens line the streets for the funeral procession 3 days later.




October 20: Naval Battle of Navarino by Ambroise Louis Garneray
  • November – The term "socialist" is coined by Robert Owen in his London periodical, The Co-operative Magazine and Monthly Herald.
  • November 24 – Voting is completed in elections for France's 430 member Chamber of Deputies. The Ultraroyalistes, supporters of King Charles X, lose their 233-seat majority and finish with 180 seats, the same number as the opposition Doctrinaires.
  • December 20 – Mexico passes its first "expulsion law", providing for citizens of Spain to be expelled within the next six months, and to remain barred from re-entry until the Kingdom of Spain recognizes Mexico's 1810 declaration of independence. Ultimately, because of all the exemptions within the expulsion act, only 1,779 of the 6,610 Spaniards were required to leave.

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