1939

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1939 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1939
MCMXXXIX
Ab urbe condita2692
Armenian calendar1388
ԹՎ ՌՅՁԸ
Assyrian calendar6689
Baháʼí calendar95–96
Balinese saka calendar1860–1861
Bengali calendar1346
Berber calendar2889
British Regnal yearGeo. 6 – 4 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar2483
Burmese calendar1301
Byzantine calendar7447–7448
Chinese calendar戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
4636 or 4429
    — to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
4637 or 4430
Coptic calendar1655–1656
Discordian calendar3105
Ethiopian calendar1931–1932
Hebrew calendar5699–5700
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1995–1996
 - Shaka Samvat1860–1861
 - Kali Yuga5039–5040
Holocene calendar11939
Igbo calendar939–940
Iranian calendar1317–1318
Islamic calendar1357–1358
Japanese calendarShōwa 14
(昭和14年)
Javanese calendar1869–1870
Juche calendar28
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4272
Minguo calendarROC 28
民國28年
Nanakshahi calendar471
Thai solar calendar2481–2482
Tibetan calendar阳土虎年
(male Earth-Tiger)
2065 or 1684 or 912
    — to —
阴土兔年
(female Earth-Rabbit)
2066 or 1685 or 913
The year 1939

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade.

This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

Events

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

January

February

February 21: Golden Gate International Exposition opens.

March

April

May

June

June 24: Siam is renamed "Thailand".
  • June 3 – The Soviet government offers its definition of what constitutes "aggression", upon which the projected Anglo-Soviet-French alliance will come into effect. French Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet accepts the Soviet definition of aggression at once. The British reject the Soviet definition, especially the concept of "indirect aggression", which they feel is too loose a definition, and phrased in such a manner as to imply the Soviet right of inference in the internal affairs of Eastern European nations.
  • June 4 – The St. Louis, a ship carrying a cargo of 907 Jewish refugees, is denied permission to land in Florida, after already having been turned away from Cuba. Forced to return to Europe, many of its passengers later die in Nazi death camps during The Holocaust.
  • June 14Tientsin Incident: The Japanese blockade the British concession in Tianjin, China, beginning a crisis which almost causes an Anglo-Japanese war in the summer of 1939.
  • June 17 – In the last public guillotining in France, murderer Eugen Weidmann is executed.
  • June 23 – Talks are completed in Ankara between French Ambassador René Massigli and Turkish Foreign Minister Şükrü Saracoğlu, resolving the Hatay dispute in Turkey's favor. Turkey annexes Hatay.
  • June 24 – The government of Siam changes the country's name to Thailand, which means 'Free Land'.
  • June 29 – The Ford 9N tractor, with the Ferguson hydraulic three-point hitch, is first demonstrated at Dearborn, Michigan.

July

August

September

September 1: Wieluń destroyed by Luftwaffe bombing.
Common parade of Wehrmacht and Red Army in Brest at the end of the Invasion of Poland. At the center Major General Heinz Guderian and Brigadier Semyon Krivoshein.
September: Siege of Warsaw.

October

November

November 6: Hedda Hopper

December

Date unknown

Births

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January–February

Sal Mineo
Bill Toomey
Abdullah Ensour
Alfredo Palacio

March–April

Brian Mulroney
Marvin Gaye
Francis Ford Coppola
Dusty Springfield
Ali Khamenei

May–June

Judy Collins
Ruud Lubbers
Harvey Keitel
Sir Ian McKellen
Jackie Stewart

July–August

Sultan bin Muhammad Al-Qasimi
Karel Gott
John Howard
Romano Prodi
Ginger Baker

September

Lily Tomlin
Guntis Ulmanis

October

Ralph Lauren
Lee Harvey Oswald
Joaquim Chissano
John Cleese

November

Emil Constantinescu
Tina Turner
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

December

Phil Spector
John Amos

Date unknown

Deaths

Deaths
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January

Prince Valdemar of Denmark
Kullervo Manner
W. B. Yeats

February

Pope Pius XI
Henri Jaspar

March

Howard Carter
Patriarch Miron of Romania
Carlos Manuel de Cespedes y Quesada

April

King Ghazi of Iraq
Joseph Lyons

May

Bautista Saavedra
Saint Ursula Ledóchowska

June

July

King Malietoa Tanumafili I
Carlo Galimberti
Louis Wain

August

Germán Busch
Eliodoro Villazón

September

Armand Călinescu
Sigmund Freud
Carl Laemmle

October

Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg

November

Charlotte Despard
James Naismith
Philipp Scheidemann

December

Douglas Fairbanks

Nobel Prizes


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