1960

Clockwise, from top left: a refugee camp in the Democratic Republic of the Congo during the Congo Crisis; the massive Anpo protests take place in Japan against the United States-Japan Security Treaty; the construction of the Aswan Dam begins in Egypt; damage in Chile after the magnitude 9.5 Valdivia earthquake, which was the most powerful earthquake in modern history, killing 6,000; the London and Zürich Agreements take place, resulting in the independence of Cyprus from the United Kingdom; the deadliest earthquake in Morocco kills 12,000-15,000 people; the 1960 Summer Olympics are held in Rome, Italy; an independence rally in Zambia during the Year of Africa, in which 16 African countries gained independence from their European colonial rulers.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1960 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1960
MCMLX
Ab urbe condita2713
Armenian calendar1409
ԹՎ ՌՆԹ
Assyrian calendar6710
Baháʼí calendar116–117
Balinese saka calendar1881–1882
Bengali calendar1367
Berber calendar2910
British Regnal yearEliz. 2 – 9 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2504
Burmese calendar1322
Byzantine calendar7468–7469
Chinese calendar己亥年 (Earth Pig)
4657 or 4450
    — to —
庚子年 (Metal Rat)
4658 or 4451
Coptic calendar1676–1677
Discordian calendar3126
Ethiopian calendar1952–1953
Hebrew calendar5720–5721
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2016–2017
 - Shaka Samvat1881–1882
 - Kali Yuga5060–5061
Holocene calendar11960
Igbo calendar960–961
Iranian calendar1338–1339
Islamic calendar1379–1380
Japanese calendarShōwa 35
(昭和35年)
Javanese calendar1891–1892
Juche calendar49
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4293
Minguo calendarROC 49
民國49年
Nanakshahi calendar492
Thai solar calendar2503
Tibetan calendar阴土猪年
(female Earth-Pig)
2086 or 1705 or 933
    — to —
阳金鼠年
(male Iron-Rat)
2087 or 1706 or 934

1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1960th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 960th year of the 2nd millennium, the 60th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1960s decade.

It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.

Events

January

February

February 1: A section of lunch counter from the Greensboro, North Carolina Woolworth's where the Greensboro sit-ins began is now preserved in the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of American History
February 8: Hollywood Walk of Fame established

March

March 5: The iconic picture of Che Guevara

April

April 1: TIROS-I prototype on display at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum

May

May 1: USSR shoots down U-2 spy plane and captures USAF spy pilot Francis Gary Powers

June

June 5: Investigating the campers' tent after the Lake Bodom murders in Finland
June 24: Explosion in Paseo Los Próceres, Caracas, during the attempted assassination of Venezuelan President Rómulo Betancourt

July

August

September

October

November

December

World population

  • World population: 3,021,475,000
    • Africa: 277,398,000
    • Asia: 1,701,336,000
    • Europe: 604,401,000
    • Latin America: 218,300,000
    • North America: 204,152,000
    • Oceania: 15,888,000

Births

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January

Michael Stipe
April Winchell
Nigella Lawson
Mohammad Javad Zarif
Mark Rylance
Michael Hutchence

February

James Spader
Benigno Aquino III
Prince Andrew, Duke of York
Naruhito, Emperor of Japan

March

Ayrton Senna
Jennifer Grey

April

Gustavo Petro
Hugo Weaving
Jeremy Clarkson
Brad Garrett
Susanne Bier
Philippe of Belgium
Miguel Díaz-Canel
Valerie Bertinelli

May

Gjorge Ivanov
Bono
Tony Goldwyn
Kristin Scott Thomas
Chris Elliott

June

Gary Trousdale
Dr. Mehmet Oz
Thomas Haden Church
Diego Trujillo

July

Jane Lynch
John Leguizamo
Richard Linklater

August

José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
David Duchovny
Antonio Banderas
Sean Penn
Branford Marsalis

September

Damon Wayans
Hugh Grant
Colin Firth
Melissa Leo

October

Jean-Claude Van Damme
Diego Maradona
Reza Pahlavi

November

Tim Cook
Tilda Swinton
Yulia Tymoshenko
Daryl Hannah

December

Julianne Moore
Kenneth Branagh
Temuera Morrison

Deaths

January

Zora Neale Hurston
Margaret Sullavan
Albert Camus
Prince Ferdinand Pius, Duke of Calabria
Beno Gutenberg

February

Blessed Aloysius Stepinac
Adone Zoli

March

April

Eddie Cochran
Max von Laue
Gustaf Lindblom

May

John D. Rockefeller Jr.
Georges Claude
George Zucco
James Montgomery Flagg

June

Ken McArthur
Otto Ender

July

Pavel Peter Gojdič
Hasan Saka

August

Arthur Meighen
Carlo Emilio Bonferroni

September

King Hisamuddin Alam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah

October

Sultan Khalifa bin Harub of Zanzibar

November

Julio Nakpil
Clark Gable
Dirk Jan de Geer
Richard Wright
Erich Raeder

December

Hashim al-Atassi
Nancy Elizabeth Prophet

Date unknown

Nobel Prizes


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