Detailed Pedia

1988 NFL season

1988 National Football League season
Regular season
DurationSeptember 4 – December 19, 1988
Start dateDecember 24, 1988
AFC ChampionsCincinnati Bengals
NFC ChampionsSan Francisco 49ers
Super Bowl XXIII
DateJanuary 22, 1989
SiteJoe Robbie Stadium, Miami
ChampionsSan Francisco 49ers
Pro Bowl
DateJanuary 29, 1989
SiteAloha Stadium
Quarterback Warren Moon (left) and running back Mike Rozier (right) of the Houston Oilers were among the league's top passers and rushers, respectively.

The 1988 NFL season was the 69th regular season of the National Football League. The Cardinals relocated from St. Louis, Missouri to the Phoenix, Arizona area becoming the Phoenix Cardinals but remained in the NFC East division. The playoff races came down to the regular season's final week, with the Seattle Seahawks winning the AFC West by one game, and the Philadelphia Eagles and San Francisco 49ers winning their respective divisions in a five-way tie, with the New Orleans Saints and New York Giants losing the NFC Wild Card berth to the Los Angeles Rams on tiebreakers.

This season marked the final coaching season for the legendary Tom Landry.

The season ended with Super Bowl XXIII when the San Francisco 49ers defeated the Cincinnati Bengals 20–16 at the Joe Robbie Stadium in Florida.




The 1988 NFL Draft was held from April 24 to 25, 1988 at New York City’s Marriott Marquis. With the first pick, the Atlanta Falcons selected linebacker Aundray Bruce from the University of Auburn.

Officiating changes

Johnny Grier became the first African-American in NFL history to be promoted to referee. Grier replaced long time referee Bob Frederic, who retired in the offseason. Grier was the field judge in the previous season's Super Bowl XXII, which was the same game that Doug Williams of the Washington Redskins became the first African-American quarterback to win the Super Bowl.

Major rule changes

  • A standard system of two time intervals between plays are established (and would be timed using the play clock): For normal plays, the offensive team has 45 seconds to snap the ball after the previous play is signaled dead. After time outs and other administrative stoppages, the time limit is 30 seconds beginning after the Referee signals that the ball is ready to resume play.
  • If a fumble occurs during an extra point attempt, only the fumbling player can recover and/or advance the ball. This change closes a loophole in the "Stabler Fumble Rule" that was enacted during the 1979 NFL season in reaction to the Holy Roller Game.
  • The penalty for "Running into the kicker" is changed from five yards and a first down to just 5 yards.

1988 deaths


American Bowl

A series of National Football League pre-season exhibition games that were held at sites outside the United States, the only American Bowl game in 1988 was held at London's Wembley Stadium.

Date Winning Team Score Losing Team Score Stadium City
July 31, 1988 Miami Dolphins 27 San Francisco 49ers 21 Wembley Stadium United Kingdom London

Regular season

Scheduling formula

AFC East vs NFC Central
AFC Central vs NFC East
AFC West vs NFC West

Highlights of the 1988 season included:

  • Thanksgiving: Two games were played on Thursday, November 24, featuring Minnesota at Detroit and Houston at Dallas, with Minnesota and Houston winning.

Final standings


  • Cincinnati was the top AFC playoff seed ahead of Buffalo based on head-to-head victory (1–0).
  • Indianapolis finished ahead of New England in the AFC East based on better record against common opponents (7–5 to Patriots’ 6–6).
  • Cleveland finished ahead of Houston in the AFC Central based on better division record (4–2 to Oilers’ 3–3).
  • San Francisco was the second NFC playoff seed ahead of Philadelphia on better record against common opponents (5–3 to Eagles’ 5–4).
  • Philadelphia finished first in the NFC East based on head-to-head sweep of the N.Y. Giants (2–0).
  • Washington finished third in the NFC East based on better division record (4–4) than Phoenix (3–5).
  • Detroit finished fourth in the NFC Central based on head-to-head sweep of Green Bay (2–0).
  • San Francisco finished first in the NFC West based on better head-to-head record (3–1) against the L.A. Rams (2–2) and New Orleans (1–3).
  • The L.A. Rams finished second in the NFC West based on better division record (4–2) than New Orleans (3–3).
  • Rams earned the #2 NFC Wild Card based on better conference record (8–4, .667) than the N.Y. Giants (9–5, .642) and New Orleans (6–6, .500).

NOTE: Rams-Giants-Saints conference record tiebreaker: best winning percentage (2nd figure shown in parenthesis) vs same-conference opponents. NY Giants had finished 5th in NFC East in 1987. Because of two then-existing situations, division alignment as well as team-vs-team scheduling, any 5th place team would in the following season play 14 in-conference and 2 out-of-conference teams. For 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th place teams, it would have been 12 in-conference and 4 out-of-conference teams. This was the NFL's reason for breaking ties in this type situation by percentage rather than by simple won-loss.


A ticket for the AFC Championship Game between the Bengals and the Bills.
NOTE: The Cincinnati Bengals (the AFC 1 seed) did not play the Houston Oilers (the 5 seed), nor did the Chicago Bears (the NFC 1 seed) play the Minnesota Vikings (the 4 seed), in the Divisional playoff round because those teams were in the same division.
Jan. 1 – Rich Stadium
5 Houston 10
Dec. 24 – Cleveland Stadium Jan. 8 – Riverfront Stadium
2* Buffalo 17
5 Houston 24 2 Buffalo 10
Dec. 31 – Riverfront Stadium
4 Cleveland 23 1 Cincinnati 21
AFC Championship
3 Seattle 13
Jan. 22 – Joe Robbie Stadium
1* Cincinnati 21
Divisional playoffs
Wild Card playoffs A1 Cincinnati 16
Jan. 1 – Candlestick Park
N2 San Francisco 20
Super Bowl XXIII
4 Minnesota 9
Dec. 26 – Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome Jan. 8 – Soldier Field
2* San Francisco 34
5 LA Rams 17 2 San Francisco 28
Dec. 31 – Soldier Field
4 Minnesota 28 1 Chicago 3
NFC Championship
3 Philadelphia 12
1* Chicago 20

Statistical leaders


Points scored Cincinnati Bengals (448)
Total yards gained Cincinnati Bengals (6,057)
Yards rushing Cincinnati Bengals (2,710)
Yards passing Miami Dolphins (4,516)
Fewest points allowed Chicago Bears (215)
Fewest total yards allowed Minnesota Vikings (4,091)
Fewest rushing yards allowed Chicago Bears (1,326)
Fewest passing yards allowed Kansas City Chiefs (2,434)


Most Valuable Player Boomer Esiason, Quarterback, Cincinnati
Coach of the Year Mike Ditka, Chicago
Offensive Player of the Year Roger Craig, Running back, San Francisco
Defensive Player of the Year Mike Singletary, Linebacker, Chicago
Offensive Rookie of the Year John Stephens, Running back, New England
Defensive Rookie of the Year Erik McMillan, Safety, NY Jets
NFL Comeback Player of the Year Greg Bell, Running Back, LA Rams
NFL Man of the Year Steve Largent, Wide Receiver, Seattle
Super Bowl Most Valuable Player Jerry Rice, Wide Receiver, San Francisco

Coaching changes



Stadium changes

The relocated Phoenix Cardinals moved from Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis to Sun Devil Stadium in Tempe, Arizona

Uniform changes

  • Referees were outfitted with white hats while all other officials wore black hats, which was the standard practice in college and high school football. From 1979 through 1987, referees wore black hats while all other officials wore white hats.
  • The Green Bay Packers removed the elliptical green circles with the player's number from the hip area of the pants, an addition made in 1984 by former coach Forrest Gregg.
  • The San Diego Chargers switched to a darker shade of blue on their jerseys, from gold to blue face masks, and from gold to white lightning bolts. The helmets remained unchanged until a complete redesign in 2007.

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