Anatol Vieru

Anatol Vieru (Romanian pronunciation: [anaˈtol viˈeru]; 8 June 1926 – 8 October 1998) was a Romanian-Jewish music theoretician, pedagogue, and composer. A pupil of Aram Khachaturian, he composed seven symphonies, eight string quartets, concertos, and chamber music. He also wrote three operas: Iona (1976), Praznicul Calicilor (1981), and Telegrame, Tema si Variatiuni (1983). He was awarded the Herder Prize in 1986.

He was the father of pianist, writer, and mathematician Andrei Vieru.

List of works

Dramatic

  • Iona (op, 1, after M. Sorescu and sketches by M.C. Escher), 1972–75, concert perf. Bucharest, 31 October 1976
  • Praznicul calicilor [The Feast of the Beggars] (op, after M. Sorbul), 1978–80, Berlin, 1991
  • Telegrame (mini-op, after I.L. Caragiale), 1983
  • Tema cu variatiuni [Theme and Variations] (mini-op, after Caragiale), 1983
  • Ultimele zile, ultimele ore [The Last Days, the Last Hours] (op, 3, after A.S. Pushkin: Motsart i Sal'yeri and M.A. Bulgakov: Poslednie dni [The Last Days]), 1990–95

Film scores

(names of dirs. in parentheses):

  • Când primavara e fierbinte [When Spring is Hot] (M. Saucan), 1960
  • Ciucurencu (E. Nussbaum), 1964
  • Procesul alb [The White Trial] (I. Mihu), 1965
  • Brâncusi la Târgu-Jiu [Brâncusi at Târgu-Jiu] (Nussbaum), 1966
  • Soarele negru [Black Sun] (S. Popovici), 1968
  • O suta de lei [100 Lei] (M. Saucan), 1972
  • Felix si Otilia [Felix and Otilia] (Mihu), 1974
  • Marele singuratic [The Great Lonesome] (Mihu), 1976
  • Intoarcera lui Voda Lapusneanu [Lapusneanu's Return] (M. Ursianu), 1979

Orchestral

Symphonies:

  • no.1 'Oda tacerii' [Ode to Silence], 1967
  • no.2, 1973
  • no.3 'La un cutremur' [Earthquake Sym.], 1978
  • no.4, 1982
  • no.5 (M. Eminescu), chorus, orch, 1984–85
  • no.6 [Exodus], 1989
  • no.7 'Anul soarelui calm' [The Year of the Silent Sun], 1992–93

Other:

  • Suita în stil vechi [Suite in an Olden Style], for strings, 1945
  • Dansuri simfonice, 1952
  • Concerto for Orchestra, 1954–55
  • Flute Concerto, 1958
  • Simfonia de camera, 1962
  • Cello Concerto, 1962
  • Jocuri (Jeux), piano, orchestra, 1963
  • Violin Concerto, 1964
  • Clepsidra I (Sonnenuhr), 1968–69
  • Muzeu muzical [Museum Music], harpsichord, 12 strings, 1968
  • Screen (Ecran), 1969
  • Clarinet Concerto, 1975
  • Sinfonietta, 1975
  • Concerto for violin, cello and orchestra, 1979
  • Sinfonia concertante, cello and orchestra, 1987
  • Narration II, sax and orchestra, 1985
  • Memorial, 1990
  • Psalm, 1993
  • Piano Concerto 'Caleidoscop', 1993
  • Malincolia furiosa, viola and orchestra, 1994
  • Hibernal, panpipes, strings, 1995
  • Flute Concerto no.2, 1996
  • Guitar Concerto, 1996
  • Musik, organ and strings, 1996
  • Elegia II, cello, doublebass and chamber orchestra, 1998

Vocal

Choral:

  • Mierla lui Ilie Pintilie [Ilie Pintilie's Blackbrid] (cant.), 1949
  • Miorita [The Ewe Lamb] (oratorio), 1957
  • Cantata anilor lumina [Light Years Cant.] (N. Cassian), 1960
  • Scene nocturne (F. García Lorca), 2 choruses, 1964
  • Vocale [Vowels] (G. Ungaretti), female chorus, 1963
  • Clepsidra II (folk texts), chorus, panpipes, cymbal, orchestra, 1971
  • Fratele cel sarac [The Poor Brother] (I. Neculce), 1993
  • Daniil, 1994
  • In marea apusului [In the Sea of Sunsets], chorus, trumpet, timpani, 1998

Solo:

  • Muzica pentru Bacovia si Labis [Music for Bacovia and Labis], 1959–63:
  1. The Struggle against Inertia, mezzo-soprano, tenor, flute, violin, piano
  2. Nocturnes and Resonances of Bacovia, soprano, flute, piano
  3. Truces, mezzo-soprano, piano
  • Discul lui Newton [Newton's Disc], 12 solo vv, 1972
  • 4 unghiuri din care am vazut Florenta [4 Angels to See Florence], soprano, piano/harpsichord, 1–2 percussionists, 1973
  • Cântec arhaic de dragoste [Ancient Love Songs] (Bible: Solomon):
  1. I. Sage mir an, Mez, flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, 1985
  2. II. O that you were a Brother to Me, 8vv, 1987
  3. III. Siehe, du bist schön, Mez, a sax, 1985
  4. IV. Fa-ma precum o pecete [Set Me as a Seal upon your Heart], 4vv, flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horn, 1989
  5. V. Ja nartsis saronskij [I am a Rose of Sharon], chorus, 1987;
  • Poveste [Marches], Sprechstimme, percussion, 1993
  • Archipelagos, baritone, vibraphone, 1994
  • Dechanson (T. Tzara), 4vv, 1995
  • Questions et responses (P. Celan, P. Solomon), 4vv, 1995
  • Iarba ochilor tai [The Grass of your Eyes] (Celan), 4vv, 1997

Chamber and solo instrumental

String quartets:

  • no.1, 1955
  • no.2, 1956
  • no.3, soprano and string quartet, 1973
  • no.4, 1980
  • no.5, 1982
  • no.6, 1986
  • no.7, 1987
  • no.8, 1991

Other:

  • Clarinet Quintet, 1957
  • Kammersymphonie, 1962
  • Trepte ale tacerii [Steps of Silence], string quartet, percussion, 1966
  • Nautilos, piano, tape, 1969
  • Sita lui Eratostene [The Riddle of Eratosthanes], clarinet, violin, viola, cello, piano, 1969
  • Nasterea unui limbaj [The Birth of a Language], piano 4 hands, 1971
  • Mozaicuri [Mosaics], 3 percussionists, 1972
  • Iosif si fratii sai [Joseph and his Brothers], 11 instruments, tape, 1979
  • Scoica [Shell], 15 strings, 1982
  • Double Duos, a sax/b clarinet, vib/mar, 1983
  • Ma–jo–r Music, flute, clarinet, harp, string quartet, 1984;
  • Metasaks, sax, dea (1984);
  • Soroc I, 6 studies, percussion, 1984
  • Soroc II, 7 instruments, 1984
  • Sonata, violin, cello, 1984–5
  • Diaphonie, cello, doublebass, 1987
  • Trînta [Wrestling], sax, percussion, 1987;
  • Epistolaire, a flute, piano, 1988
  • Multigen, a flute, oboe, a sax, percussion, piano, 1988
  • Giusto, sax, 2 guitars, synth, percussion, 1989
  • Versete [Verses], 1989
  • Sax Quartet, 1990
  • Sax-Vier, sax quartet, 1991
  • Trio microtonic, bassoon, guitar, doublebass, 1992
  • Feuerwerk, flute, violin, vibraphone, 1994
  • Craciun [Christmas], violin, piano, 1994
  • Canto, oboe, percussion, 1995
  • Couple, clarinet, viola, 1995
  • Duo leggiero, flute, percussion, 1995
  • Rubato, oboe, percussion, 1995
  • Toccatina, 2 guitar, 1995
  • Chanson de geste, guitar, cello, 1996
  • Gruss, violin, cello, piano, organ, 1996
  • Masca [Masks], flute, cello, doublebass, 1996
  • Canon und Fuge, piano 4 hands, 1997
  • Elegia I, sax, organ, 1997
  • Et in Arcadia ego, 3 recorders, 1997
  • Posviascenie [Dedication], trumpet, cello, timpani, 1997
  • Trio, violin, cello, piano, 1997
  • Centaurus, sax, trombone, percussion, 1998

Solo:

  • Din lumea copiilor [From the Realm of Childhood], 8 miniatures, piano, 1958
  • Sonata, cello, 1963, arr. cello, percussion (1977)
  • Narration, organ, 1973
  • Piano Sonata, 1976
  • Pelinarium, synthesizer, 1986
  • Dar I [Gift], flute, 1988
  • Dar II, cello, 1989
  • Design-Dasein, flute+a flute+piccolo, 1993
  • Piano Sonata, 1994
  • Ritmuri [Rhythms], piano, 1994
  • Adio, piano, 1996
  • Eppur si muove, flute, 1996
  • Sandu, piano, 1996
  • Schöntok, piano, 1996
  • Capriccio, violin, 1997
  • Voeu, piano, 1997

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