Iliohypogastric nerve (Redirected from Anterior cutaneous branch of iliohypogastric nerve)

Iliohypogastric nerve
Plan of lumbar plexus. (Iliohypogastric visible at upper left.)
The lumbar plexus and its branches. (Iliohypogastric visible at upper left.)
Details
Fromlumbar plexus
InnervatesSensory: Skin over the lateral gluteal region and above the pubis
Motor: internal oblique and transverse abdominal muscles
Identifiers
LatinNervus iliohypogastricus
TA98A14.2.07.003
TA26496
FMA16482
Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy

The iliohypogastric nerve is a nerve that originates from the lumbar plexus that supplies sensation to skin over the lateral gluteal and hypogastric regions and motor to the internal oblique muscles and transverse abdominal muscles.

Structure

Origin

The iliohypogastric nerve originates from the superior branch of the anterior ramus of spinal nerve L1. It also receives fibers from T12 via the subcostal nerve. The branch below it is the ilioinguinal nerve.

Course

It emerges from the upper lateral border of the psoas major.: 1148  It then crosses in front of the quadratus lumborum muscle to an area superior to the iliac crest. It runs behind the kidneys. Just superior to the iliac crest, it pierces the posterior part of the transversus abdominis muscle and continues anteriorly in the abdominal wall between the transversus abdominis and internal oblique muscles.: 1148 

It divides into a lateral cutaneous branch and an anterior cutaneous branch between the transversus abdominis muscle and the internal oblique muscle.

Branches

Lateral cutaneous branch

The lateral cutaneous branch ("iliac branch") pierces the internal oblique muscles and the external oblique muscles immediately above the iliac crest. It is distributed to the skin of the gluteal region, behind the lateral cutaneous branch of the subcostal nerve; the size of this branch bears an inverse proportion to that of the lateral cutaneous branch of the subcostal nerve.

When harvesting bone from the anterior iliac crest (AICBG), the lateral cutaneous branch of the Iliohypogastric nerve (L1) is most likely to be injured.

Anterior cutaneous branch

The anterior cutaneous branch ("hypogastric branch") continues onward between the abdominal internal oblique and transverse muscles.

It then pierces the internal oblique, becomes cutaneous by perforating the aponeurosis of the external oblique about 2.5 cm above the subcutaneous inguinal ring, and is distributed to the skin of the hypogastric region.

Communications

The iliohypogastric nerve communicates with the subcostal nerve and ilioinguinal nerves.

Variation

The iliohypogastric nerve may be absent in up to 20% of people. Its fibres are instead carried on other nerves, such as the ilioinguinal nerve.

Function

The iliohypogastric nerve partially supplies the internal oblique muscles. It also provides sensory innervation to the superior gluteal region and part of the suprapubic region.

Clinical significance

The iliohypogastric nerve may be damaged at the points where it passes through the internal oblique muscle and the external oblique muscles. It is most often damaged by medical error. It may also be damaged by a nerve lesion.


This page was last updated at 2023-11-15 00:47 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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