Anterior inferior iliac spine

Anterior inferior iliac spine
The obturator externus muscle
(anterior inferior iliac spine visible in upper right)
Right hip-joint from the front
(anterior inferior iliac spine visible at upper left)
Details
Identifiers
LatinSpina iliaca anterior inferior
TA98A02.5.01.112
TA21328
FMA63614
Anatomical terms of bone

The anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS) is a bony eminence on the anterior border of the hip bone, or, more precisely, the wing of the ilium.

Structure

The AIIS is a bony eminence on the anterior border of the ilium. It is below the anterior superior iliac spine.

Development

The AIIS is formed from a separate ossification centre to the rest of the ilium.

Function

The upper portion of the spine gives origin to the straight head of the rectus femoris muscle. A teardrop-shaped lower portion gives origin to the iliofemoral ligament of the hip joint and borders the rim of the acetabulum.

Anteromedially and inferiorly to the AIIS is the iliopsoas groove, the passage for the iliopsoas muscle as it passes down to the lesser trochanter of the femur. A vague line, the inferior gluteal line, might run from the AIIS to the greater sciatic notch which delineates the inferior extent of the origin of gluteus minimus muscle.

Clinical significance

Rectus femoris muscle may avulse from the AIIS with significant mechanical stress. This may be surgically reattached.

Additional images


This page was last updated at 2023-10-13 07:53 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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