Anterior triangle of the neck

Anterior triangle of the neck
Anterior triangle
Side of neck, showing chief surface markings. (Nerves are yellow, arteries are red.)
LatinTrigonum cervicale anterius
Trigonum colli anterius
Regio cervicalis anterior
Anatomical terminology

The anterior triangle is a region of the neck.


The triangle is inverted with its apex inferior to its base which is under the chin.

Inferior boundary (apex) Jugular notch in the manubrium of the sternum
Anterior boundary Midline of the neck from chin to the jugular notch
Posterior boundary The anterior margin of Sternocleidomastoid
Superior boundary (base) The lower border of the body of the mandible, and a line extending from the angle of the mandible to the mastoid process

Investing fascia covers the roof of the triangle while visceral fascia covers the floor.



Nerve supply

2 Bellies of Digastric

Stylohyoid: by the facial nerve, by a branch from that to the posterior belly of digastric.

Mylohyoid: by its own nerve, a branch of the inferior alveolar ( from the mandibular division of trigeminal nerve), which arises just before the parent nerve enters the mandibular foramen, pierces the sphenomandibular ligament, and runs forward on the inferior surface of the mylohyoid, supplying it and the anterior belly of the digastric.

Geniohyoid: by a branch from the hypoglossal nerve consisting of fibres from the C1 nerve.

Sternohyoid, Omohyoid, Sternothyroid are supplied by Ansa cervicalis.

Thyrohyoid: by a branch of hypoglossal nerve but the fibres are all 'hitch-hiking' from C1.



This space is subdivided into four smaller triangles by the Digastricus above, and the superior belly of the Omohyoideus.

These smaller triangles are named:

Additional images

See also

This page was last updated at 2023-11-28 09:02 UTC. Update now. View original page.

All our content comes from Wikipedia and under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.


If mathematical, chemical, physical and other formulas are not displayed correctly on this page, please useFirefox or Safari