Ventral trigeminal tract (Redirected from Anterior trigeminothalamic tract)

Ventral trigeminal tract
Details
SystemSensory system
Fromhead, face, and oral cavity via principal (chief sensory) nucleus and spinal trigeminal nucleus
Toventral posteromedial (VPM) nucleus of the thalamus
Functioncarry sensory information about discriminative and crude touch, conscious proprioception, pain, and temperature from the head, face, and oral cavity
Identifiers
Latintractus trigeminothalamicus anterior
NeuroNames613
TA98A14.1.05.311
TA25863
FMA72506
Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy

The ventral trigeminal tract, ventral trigeminothalamic tract, anterior trigeminal tract, or anterior trigeminothalamic tract is a tract composed of second order neuronal axons. These fibers carry sensory information about discriminative and crude touch, conscious proprioception, pain, and temperature from the head, face, and oral cavity. The ventral trigeminal tract connects the two major components of the brainstem trigeminal complex – the principal, or main sensory nucleus and the spinal trigeminal nucleus, to the ventral posteromedial nucleus of the thalamus.

The ventral trigeminal tract is also called the anterior trigeminal lemniscus.

Structure

The first order neurons (from the trigeminal ganglion) enter the pons and synapse in the principal (chief sensory) nucleus or spinal trigeminal nucleus. Axons of the second order neurons cross the midline and terminate in the ventral posteromedial nucleus of the contralateral thalamus (as opposed to the ventral posterolateral nucleus, as in the dorsal column medial lemniscus (DCML) system). The third order neuron in the thalamus then connects to the sensory cortex of the postcentral gyrus.

See also


This page was last updated at 2024-03-22 20:57 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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