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Archaeopterodactyloidea

Archaeopterodactyloids
Temporal range:
Late Jurassic - Early Cretaceous, 152–105 Ma
Pterodaustro skull.jpg
Restored skull of the ctenochasmatid Pterodaustro guinazui
Pterodactylus antiquus - IMG 0681.jpg
Cast of the sub-adult type specimen of Pterodactylus antiquus, an archaeopterodactyloid.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Order: Pterosauria
Suborder: Pterodactyloidea
Infraorder: Archaeopterodactyloidea
Kellner, 1996
Subgroups

Archaeopterodactyloidea (meaning "ancient Pterodactyloidea") is an extinct clade of pterodactyloid pterosaurs that lived from the middle Late Jurassic to the latest Early Cretaceous periods (Kimmeridgian to Albian stages) of Africa, Asia, Europe and North America. It was named by Alexander Wilhelm Armin Kellner in 1996 as the group that contains Germanodactylus, Pterodactylus, the Ctenochasmatidae and the Gallodactylidae. In 2003, Kellner defined the clade as a node-based taxon consisting of the last common ancestor of Pterodactylus, Ctenochasma and Gallodactylus and all its descendants. Although phylogenetic analyses that based on David Unwin's 2003 analysis do not recover monophyletic Archaeopterodactyloidea, phylogenetic analyses that based on Kellner's analyses, or the analyses of Brian Andres (2008, 2010, 2018) recover monophyletic Archaeopterodactyloidea at the base of the Pterodactyloidea.

Classification

Below is cladogram following a topology recovered by Brian Andres, using the most recent iteration of his data set (Andres, 2021). Andres' analysis found Pterodactylus to be a close relative of the ctenochasmatoids.

 Pterodactyloidea 

KryptodrakonKrytodrakon NT small.jpg

Painten pro-pterodactyloid

Lophocratia

Eupterodactyloidea

Archaeopterodactyloidea
Germanodactylidae

Cuspicephalus scarfi

Germanodactylus cristatus

Altmuehlopterus rhamphastinusAltmuehlopterus DB.jpg

Euctenochasmatia

Pterodactylus antiquusPterodactylus BMMS7 life.png

Ctenochasmatoidea

Gallodactylidae

CtenochasmatidaePterodaustro BW.jpg

In 2017, Steven Vidovic and David Martill recovered a significantly different set of relationships for early pterodactyloids in their own analysis, as shown below.

 Pterodactyloidea 

Eosipterus yangi

Archaeopterodactyloidea

Pterodactylus antiquusPterodactylus BMMS7 life.png

Lophocratia

Eupterodactyloidea

Euctenochasmatia

Diopecephalus kochi

Ctenochasmatoidea

AurorazhdarchiaAerodactylus MCZ 1505.png

CtenochasmatidaePterodaustro BW.jpg



This page was last updated at 2022-05-29 10:08 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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