B minor

B minor
{ \new Staff \with{ \magnifyStaff #3/2 } << \time 2/16 \override Score.TimeSignature #'stencil = ##f { \clef treble \key b \minor s16 \clef bass \key b \minor s16 } >> }
Relative keyD major
Parallel keyB major
Dominant keyF-sharp minor
SubdominantE minor
Component pitches
B, C, D, E, F, G, A

B minor is a minor scale based on B, consisting of the pitches B, C, D, E, F, G, and A. Its key signature has two sharps. Its relative major is D major and its parallel major is B major.


The B natural minor scale is:

 {
\override Score.TimeSignature #'stencil = ##f
\relative c' {
  \clef treble \key b \minor \time 7/4 b4^\markup "B natural minor scale" cis d e fis g a b a g fis e d cis b2
  \clef bass \key b \minor
} }

Changes needed for the melodic and harmonic versions of the scale are written in with accidentals as necessary. The B harmonic minor and melodic minor scales are:

 {
\override Score.TimeSignature #'stencil = ##f
\relative c' {
  \clef treble \key b \minor \time 7/4 b4^\markup "B harmonic minor scale" cis d e fis g ais b ais g fis e d cis b2
} }
 {
\override Score.TimeSignature #'stencil = ##f
\relative c' {
  \clef treble \key b \minor \time 7/4
  b4^\markup "B melodic minor scale (ascending and descending)" cis d e fis gis ais b a! g! fis e d cis b2
} }

Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart (1739–1791) regarded B minor as a key expressing a quiet acceptance of fate and very gentle complaint, something commentators find to be in line with Bach's use of the key in his St John Passion. By the end of the Baroque era, however, conventional academic views of B minor had shifted: Composer-theorist Francesco Galeazzi (1758–1819) opined that B minor was not suitable for music in good taste. Beethoven labelled a B-minor melodic idea in one of his sketchbooks as a "black key".

Scale Degree Chords

Notable compositions in B minor

See also


This page was last updated at 2023-10-28 09:32 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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