Canton, Ohio

Canton, Ohio
Flag of Canton, Ohio
Official seal of Canton, Ohio
Nickname: 
Hall of Fame City
Map
Interactive map of Canton
Canton is located in Ohio
Canton
Canton
Canton is located in the United States
Canton
Canton
Coordinates: 40°48′28″N 81°23′44″W / 40.80778°N 81.39556°W / 40.80778; -81.39556
Country United States
State Ohio
CountyStark
Founded1805
Incorporated1822 (village)
1838 (city)
Named forCanton, China
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
Area
 • City26.41 sq mi (68.41 km2)
 • Land26.35 sq mi (68.25 km2)
 • Water0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation1,066 ft (325 m)
Population
 • City70,872
 • Density2,689.44/sq mi (1,038.41/km2)
 • Urban295,319 (US: 137th)
 • Urban density1,638.9/sq mi (632.8/km2)
 • Metro401,574 (US: 136th)
 • CSA3,769,834 (US: 17th)
DemonymCantonian
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
44701-44711, 44714, 44718, 44720-44721, 44730, 44735, 44750, 44767, 44799
Area code/Area code330 & 234
FIPS code39-12000
GNIS feature ID1086974
Websitewww.cantonohio.gov

Canton (/ˈkæntən/) is a city in and the county seat of Stark County, Ohio, United States. It is located approximately 60 miles (97 km) south of Cleveland and 20 miles (32 km) south of Akron in Northeast Ohio on the edge of Ohio's Amish Country. As of the 2020 census, the population of Canton was 70,872, making Canton eighth among Ohio cities in population. It is the largest municipality in the Canton–Massillon metropolitan area, which includes all of Stark and Carroll counties, and was home to 401,574 residents in 2020.

Founded in 1805 alongside the Middle and West Branches of Nimishillen Creek, Canton became a heavy manufacturing center because of its numerous railroad lines. However, its status in that regard began to decline during the late 20th century, as shifts in the manufacturing industry led to the relocation or downsizing of many factories and workers. After this decline, the city's industry diversified into the service economy, including retailing, education, finance and healthcare.

Canton is chiefly notable for being the home of the Pro Football Hall of Fame and the birthplace of the National Football League. 25th U.S. President William McKinley conducted the famed front porch campaign, which won him the presidency of the United States in the 1896 election, from his home in Canton. The McKinley National Memorial and the William McKinley Presidential Library and Museum commemorate his life and presidency. Canton was also chosen as the site of the First Ladies National Historic Site largely in honor of his wife, Ida Saxton McKinley.

Starting in the mid-2010s, Canton began experiencing an urban renaissance, anchored by a growing arts district centrally located in the downtown area. Several historic buildings have been rehabilitated and converted into upscale lofts, attracting hundreds of new downtown residents into the city. Furthering this downtown development, in June 2016, Canton became one of the first cities in Ohio to allow the open consumption of alcoholic beverages in a "designated outdoor refreshment area" pursuant to a state law enacted in 2015 (Sub. H.B. No. 47).

History

William McKinley National Monument
Canton is home to both the McKinley National Memorial (pictured) and the McKinley Presidential Library

Canton was founded in 1805, incorporated as a village in 1822, and reincorporated as a city in 1838. The plat of Canton was recorded at New Lisbon, Ohio, on November 15, 1805, by Bezaleel Wells, a surveyor and devout Episcopalian from Maryland born January 28, 1763. Canton was likely named as a memorial to Captain John O'Donnell, an Irish merchant marine with the British East India Company whom Wells admired. O'Donnell named his estate in Maryland after Canton, China as he had been the first person to transport goods from there to Baltimore. The name selected by Wells may also have been influenced by the Huguenot use of the word "canton," which meant a division of a district containing several communes. Through Wells' efforts and promotion, Canton was designated the county seat of Stark County upon its division from Columbiana County on January 1, 1809.

For most of his adult life, Canton was the home of William McKinley, the 25th president of the United States. Born in Niles, Ohio, McKinley first practiced law in Canton around 1867, and was prosecuting attorney of Stark County from 1869 to 1871. The city was his home during his successful campaign for Ohio governor, the site of his front-porch presidential campaign of 1896 and the campaign of 1900. Canton is now the site of the William McKinley Presidential Library and Museum and the McKinley National Memorial, dedicated in 1907.

Debs' antiwar speech

Eugene V. Debs speaking in Canton, 1918

On June 16, 1918, Eugene V. Debs delivered the keynote speech at the annual Ohio Socialist Convention held in Canton's Nimisilla Park. At the time, Debs had been a four-time candidate for president and was considered the country's leading socialist and labor organizer. During his speech he decried America's involvement in the First World War, saying, “They have always taught you that it is your patriotic duty to go to war and slaughter yourselves at their command. You have never had a voice in the war. The working class who make the sacrifices, who shed the blood, have never yet had a voice in declaring war.” Among Debs' audience at Nimisilla Park were agents of the U.S. Department of Justice. The year before his speech, and a month following the American entry into the First World War, President Woodrow Wilson signed the Espionage Act of 1917 into law. This Act made it a federal crime to interfere with, among other things, the Selective Service Act or military draft.

On June 30, 1918, Debs was arrested and charged with, among other things, “unlawfully, willfully and feloniously cause and attempt to cause and incite and attempt to incite, insubordination, disloyalty, mutiny and refusal of duty, in the military and naval forces of the United States.” Debs' trial began on September 10, 1918, in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio. On September 12, 1918, a jury found Debs guilty. He was sentenced to ten years in prison. On March 10, 1919, the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the constitutionality of Debs' conviction in Debs v. United States. Debs began serving his prison sentence on April 13, 1919, and remained incarcerated until September 25, 1921, when he was released after President Warren Harding commuted his sentence to time served.

The U.S. Supreme Court's decision affirming Debs' conviction was sharply criticized by legal scholars at the time and is generally regarded as a low point in First Amendment jurisprudence. While Debs’ speech in Canton and subsequent conviction ultimately aided Debs in delivering the Socialist Party's antiwar platform, his age and the deleterious effects of prison exhausted his ability as an orator. Debs died of heart failure on October 20, 1926. In June 2017 Canton applied for and received a historic marker from the Ohio History Connection, formerly the Ohio Historical Society, to commemorate Debs' speech at Nimisilla Park and other historic events reflecting the park's importance as a gathering place for the community.

Major companies

Timken Roller Bearing Co., 1922
Timken Roller Bearing Co., 1922

The Timken Company has been among the largest employers in Canton for nearly 100 years. In 1898, Henry Timken obtained a patent for the tapered roller bearing, and in 1899 incorporated as the Timken Roller Bearing Axle Company in St. Louis. In 1901, the company moved to Canton as the automobile industry began to overtake the carriage industry. Timken and his two sons chose this location because of its proximity to the American car manufacturing centers of Detroit and Cleveland and the American steel-making centers of Pittsburgh and Cleveland. By 1960, Timken had operations in the U.S., Canada, Great Britain, France, South Africa, Australia and Brazil. The company changed its corporate structure in 2014; the roller bearing-producing part of the company was separated from the steel-producing part of the company, resulting in two separate companies. The Timken Company continues to manufacture roller bearings, while TimkenSteel produces steel.

Today, TimkenSteel remains headquartered in Canton and employs 2,800 people, most of them in Northeast Ohio. The company makes special bar quality steel, used in applications all over the world. The Timken Co. is now headquartered in Jackson Township, a suburb of Canton, and employs 14,000 people around the world. The company designs, engineers, manufactures and sells bearings, transmissions, gearboxes, chain and related products, and offers a spectrum of power system rebuild and repair services around the globe.

The Dueber-Hampden Watch Company was an important employer in Canton during the early 1920s. It formally organized in 1923, having previously consisted of two separate companies: the Dueber Watch Case Company and the Hampden Watch Company. In 1886, John Dueber, the owner of the Dueber Watch Case Company, purchased a controlling interest in the Hampden Watch Company. In 1888, he relocated the Hampden Watch Company from Springfield, Massachusetts and the Dueber Watch Case Company from Newport, Kentucky to Canton, Ohio. These two companies shared manufacturing facilities in Canton but remained two separate companies. The Dueber Watch Case Company and the Hampden Watch Company quickly became two of Canton's largest employers. In 1888, the companies' first year in Canton, they employed 2,300 Canton residents. In 1890, Canton's population was 26,337. Thanks to these two companies, Canton became an important center for watch manufacturing in the United States. In 1927 the company went bankrupt, finally ceasing operations in the city in 1930. The machinery and tools were sold to the Amtorg Trading Corporation, one of Soviet Russia's buying agencies in the US, for $329.000. The company's massive brick factories, which covered more than 20 acres and included an ornate 150-foot clock tower, were demolished to accommodate the construction of Interstate 77.

Football history

The 1923 Canton Bulldogs were NFL champions

On September 17, 1920, a meeting was held at the Hupmobile showroom in the Independent Order of Odd Fellows Building in Canton to found the American Professional Football Association (renamed the National Football League in 1922). The attendees included Ralph Hay, owner of the Hupmobile showroom and the hometown Canton Bulldogs, and George Halas, owner of the Decatur Staleys. Jim Thorpe of the Bulldogs was the league's first president. In 2014 a sculpture titled Birth of the NFL was erected in downtown Canton marking the exact location in the Hupmobile showroom where the NFL was created in 1920.

On December 6, 1959, the Canton Repository, a local newspaper, called for city officials to lobby the National Football League to create a football hall of fame in the community. Canton officials formally proposed their city as site for the hall of fame in 1961. The NFL quickly agreed to the city's proposal. To help convince NFL officials to locate the hall of fame in Canton, city officials donated several acres of land on Canton's north side to the project. Local residents also raised almost $400,000 to help construct the hall of fame.

The Pro Football Hall of Fame formally opened on September 7, 1963. Initially the museum consisted of two buildings, but in 1971, 1978, 1995, and 2013, the Pro Football Hall of Fame experienced several expansions. As of 2013, the museum consisted of five buildings, covering 118,000 square feet. Since its founding, over 10 million people have visited the Pro Football Hall of Fame. "Welcome to Canton" is the official way of saying congratulations to a new enshrinee.

Geography

Topography

Nimishillen Creek

Canton is located at an elevation of 1,060 feet (323 m). Nimishillen Creek and its East, Middle and West Branches flow through the city.

Canton is bordered by Plain Township and North Canton to the north, Meyers Lake and Perry Township to the west, Canton Township to the South, and Nimishillen Township, Osnaburg Township and East Canton to the east. Annexations were approved in December 2006 extending Canton's eastern boundary to East Canton's border.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.48 square miles (65.99 km2), of which 25.46 square miles (65.94 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.

Climate

Canton has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa), typical of much of the Midwestern United States, with warm, humid summers and cold winters. Winters tend to be cold, with average January high temperatures of 34 °F (1 °C), and average lows of 19 °F (−7 °C), with considerable variation in temperatures. During a typical January, high temperatures of over 50 °F (10 °C) are just as common as low temperatures of below 0 °F (−18 °C). Snowfall is lighter than the snow belt areas to the north. Akron-Canton Airport generally averages 47.7 inches (121 cm) of snow per season. Springs are short with rapid transition from hard winter to summer weather. Summers tend to be warm, sometimes hot, with average July high temperatures of 83 °F (28 °C), and average July low of 62 °F (17 °C). Summer weather is more stable, generally humid with thunderstorms fairly common. Temperatures reach or exceed 90 °F (32 °C) about 10 times each summer, on average. Fall usually is the driest season with many clear, warm days and cool nights. The all-time record high in the Akron-Canton area of 104 °F (40 °C) was established on August 6, 1918, and the all-time record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was set on January 19, 1994.

Climate data for Canton, Ohio (Akron–Canton Airport), 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1887–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 73
(23)
76
(24)
83
(28)
89
(32)
94
(34)
100
(38)
102
(39)
104
(40)
99
(37)
91
(33)
80
(27)
76
(24)
104
(40)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 58.1
(14.5)
60.1
(15.6)
71.8
(22.1)
80.8
(27.1)
86.7
(30.4)
91.3
(32.9)
92.5
(33.6)
90.6
(32.6)
88.1
(31.2)
79.8
(26.6)
68.1
(20.1)
59.9
(15.5)
93.3
(34.1)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 35.5
(1.9)
38.6
(3.7)
48.4
(9.1)
61.8
(16.6)
72.3
(22.4)
80.4
(26.9)
84.3
(29.1)
82.7
(28.2)
75.9
(24.4)
63.4
(17.4)
50.7
(10.4)
39.9
(4.4)
61.2
(16.2)
Daily mean °F (°C) 27.9
(−2.3)
30.2
(−1.0)
38.9
(3.8)
50.8
(10.4)
61.3
(16.3)
69.9
(21.1)
73.9
(23.3)
72.3
(22.4)
65.4
(18.6)
53.7
(12.1)
42.5
(5.8)
33.0
(0.6)
51.7
(10.9)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 20.3
(−6.5)
21.9
(−5.6)
29.4
(−1.4)
39.8
(4.3)
50.4
(10.2)
59.4
(15.2)
63.4
(17.4)
61.9
(16.6)
54.9
(12.7)
44.0
(6.7)
34.2
(1.2)
26.1
(−3.3)
42.1
(5.6)
Mean minimum °F (°C) −1.3
(−18.5)
3.1
(−16.1)
11.0
(−11.7)
24.3
(−4.3)
35.5
(1.9)
44.8
(7.1)
52.6
(11.4)
51.2
(10.7)
41.1
(5.1)
30.4
(−0.9)
19.3
(−7.1)
8.2
(−13.2)
−3.5
(−19.7)
Record low °F (°C) −25
(−32)
−20
(−29)
−6
(−21)
10
(−12)
24
(−4)
32
(0)
41
(5)
39
(4)
29
(−2)
20
(−7)
−1
(−18)
−16
(−27)
−25
(−32)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.92
(74)
2.44
(62)
3.23
(82)
3.86
(98)
4.13
(105)
4.43
(113)
4.14
(105)
3.61
(92)
3.50
(89)
3.34
(85)
3.08
(78)
2.89
(73)
41.57
(1,056)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 13.4
(34)
12.0
(30)
7.6
(19)
1.7
(4.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.3
(0.76)
3.3
(8.4)
8.9
(23)
47.2
(120)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 17.8 14.5 14.2 14.6 14.1 12.4 11.8 10.1 9.9 12.0 12.5 16.0 159.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 13.3 10.0 6.7 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 3.4 9.5 45.3
Source: NOAA

Address system

Canton's street layout forms the basis for the system of addresses in Stark County.[citation needed] Canton proper is divided into address quadrants (NW, NE, SW, SE) by Tuscarawas Street (dividing N and S) and Market Avenue (dividing E and W). Due to shifts in the street layout, the E–W divider becomes Cleveland Avenue south of the city, merging onto Ridge Road farther out. The directionals are noted as suffixes to the street name (e.g. Tuscarawas St W, 55th Street NE). Typically within the city numbered streets run east and west and radiate from the Tuscarawas Street baseline, while named avenues run north and south.

Neighborhoods

Houses at the corner of Yale Avenue and 22nd Street in the Ridgewood Historic District
  • Applecrest
  • Avondale
  • Colonial Heights
  • Crystal Park
  • Downtown
  • Dueber
  • Edgefield
  • Gibbs
  • Harrison Hills
  • Hills and Dales
  • Harter Heights
  • Lathrop
  • Market Heights
  • Mt. Vernon
  • Ridgewood
  • Plain Center Estates
  • Sherrick Road Corridor
  • Shorb
  • Summit
  • Vassar Park
  • West Branch Park
  • West Park[user-generated source]
  • Westbrook Veterans Memorial Park

The Ridgewood Historic District is a historic residential neighborhood in Canton that, due to its architectural significance, was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places on December 19, 1982. The neighborhood consists of preserved, architect-designed Revival style buildings of the Tudor, Georgian, and French-Norman styles built in the early 20th century with amenities such as original brick streets and locally produced street lighting standards. The District features homes designed by several distinguished architects, including Charles Firestone, Herman Albrecht, and Louis Hoicowitz.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18301,257
18502,603
18604,04155.2%
18708,660114.3%
188012,25841.5%
189026,189113.6%
190030,66717.1%
191050,21763.7%
192087,09173.4%
1930104,90620.5%
1940108,4013.3%
1950116,9127.9%
1960113,631−2.8%
1970110,053−3.1%
198094,730−13.9%
199084,161−11.2%
200080,806−4.0%
201073,007−9.7%
202070,872−2.9%
Sources:
Location of the Canton–Massillon metropolitan area in Ohio

Canton is the largest principal city of the Canton–Massillon metropolitan area , a metropolitan area that covers Carroll and Stark counties and had a combined population of 404,422 at the 2010 census.

2020 census

Canton, Ohio - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 49,591 43,132 67.92% 60.85%
Black or African American alone (NH) 17,501 17,351 23.97% 24.48%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 274 223 0.37% 0.31%
Asian alone (NH) 243 295 0.33% 0.41%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 21 35 0.02% 0.04%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 255 610 0.34% 0.86%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 3,223 5,650 4.41% 7.97%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 1,899 3,576 2.60% 5.04%
Total 73,007 70,872 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 73,007 people, 29,705 households, and 17,127 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,867.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,107.1/km2). There were 34,571 housing units at an average density of 1,357.9 per square mile (524.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.1% White, 24.2% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 4.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 29,705 households, of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.8% were married couples living together, 21.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.3% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 35.6 years. 25.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.6% were from 25 to 44; 25.6% were from 45 to 64; and 12.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 80,806 people, 32,489 households, and 19,785 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,932.1 people per square mile (1,518.2/km2). There were 35,502 housing units at an average density of 1,728.0 per square mile (667.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.45% White, 21.04% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 3.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.24% of the population.

There were 32,489 households, out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.1% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 26.6% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,730, and the median income for a family was $35,680. Males had a median income of $30.628 versus $21,581 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,544. About 15.4% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.4% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Production of half-track armored cars in a converted Diebold Safe and Lock Company plant, Canton, Ohio

Canton's economy has traditionally been primarily industrial, with significant health care and agricultural segments. The city is home to the TimkenSteel Corporation, a major manufacturer of specialty steel. Several other large companies operate in the greater Canton area, including Timken Company, a maker of tapered roller bearings; Belden Brick Company, a brick and masonry producer; Diebold, a maker of ATMs, electronic voting devices, and bank vaults, and Medline Industries, a manufacturer and distributor of health care supplies. The area is also home to several regional food producers, including Nickles Bakery (baked goods), Case Farms (poultry), and Shearer's Foods (snack foods). Poultry production and dairy farming are also important segments of the Canton area's economy.

Since 2000, Canton has experienced a very low unemployment rate. The healthcare sector is particularly strong, with Aultman Hospital and Mercy Medical Center among its largest employers. Nevertheless, as in many industrial areas of the United States, employment in the manufacturing sector is in a state of decline. LTV Steel (formerly Republic Steel) suffered bankruptcy in 2000. Republic Steel emerged and continues to maintain operations in Canton. Hoover Company, a major employer for decades in the region, reached an agreement to sell Hoover to Hong Kong-based Techtronic Industries. The main plant in nearby North Canton closed its doors in September 2007 due to classified reasons. On June 30, 2014, the Timken Company and TimkenSteel split, forming two separate companies at the urging of shareholders. The Timken Company relocated to neighboring Jackson Township, while TimkenSteel remains headquartered in Canton. In response to this changing manufacturing landscape, the city is undergoing a transition to a retail and service-based economy.

Bricks manufactured in Canton

Beginning in the 1970s, Canton, like many mid-size American cities, lost most of its downtown retail business to the suburbs. The majority of the Canton area's "box store" retail is located in the general vicinity of the Belden Village Mall in Jackson Township. However, the 2010s saw the downtown area bringing in new cafes, restaurants, and the establishment of an arts district. A few retail centers remain in Canton at or near the city limits. Tuscarawas Street (Lincoln Way), a leg of the Lincoln Highway connecting Canton with nearby Massillon, is home to the Canton Centre mall and several retail outlets of varying size. A vein of commerce runs along Whipple Avenue, connecting the Canton Centre area with the Belden Village area. A similar vein runs north from the downtown area, along Cleveland and Market avenues. Connecting Cleveland and Market avenues is a small shopping district on 30th Street NW, and retail lines the Route 62 corridor leading from Canton to Louisville and Alliance.

The city's economy has diversified due to the decline of the heavy manufacturing industry. At the heart of this transformation is the Pro Football Hall of Fame, with its multimillion-dollar "Hall of Fame Village" expansion project. This project has been complemented with significant investments by city leaders in urban redevelopment, which continued with the transformation of the Hotel Onesto into the Historic Onesto Lofts. Other urban renewal plans are underway, which include the redevelopment of the downtown Market Square area. Private investment has furthered Canton's transformation, which is illustrated by the multimillion-dollar creation of the Gervasi Vineyard, which draws patrons throughout the region. In furtherance of these development initiatives, Canton was one of the first cities in Ohio to create a "designated outdoor refreshment area" legalizing the possession and consumption of "open container" alcoholic beverages in its downtown area.

Principal employers

Market Street, Showing Northwest Corner Public Square, Canton, Ohio

According to Canton's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees % of city employment
1 Aultman Hospital 7,500 17.48%
2 Timken Steel 2,830 9.03%
3 Stark County 2,532 8.08%
4 Mercy Medical 2,500 7.97%
5 Canton City Schools 2,260 7.21%
6 City of Canton 985 3.14%
7 Fresh Mark Inc. 873 2.78%
8 The M. K. Morse Company 460 1.47%
9 Republic Steel 400 1.28%
10 Nationwide 320 1.02%
Total 18,640 59.45%

Arts and culture

Palace Theatre

The Canton Museum of Art, founded in 1935, is a broad-based community arts organization designed to encourage and promote the fine arts in Canton. The museum focuses on 19th- and 20th-century American artists, specifically works on paper, and on American ceramics, beginning in the 1950s. The museum sponsors annual shows of work of high school students in Canton and Stark County, and financial scholarships are awarded. Educational outreach programs take the museum off-site to libraries, parochial schools, area public schools, five inner city schools and a school for students with behavioral disorders. The city's Arts District, located downtown, is the site of monthly First Friday arts celebrations.

Canton has the main branch of Stark County District Library.

Sports

Football

Entrance to the Pro Football Hall of Fame

Canton is home to the Pro Football Hall of Fame. The American Professional Football Association, the forerunner of the modern National Football League, was founded in a Canton car dealership on September 17, 1920. The Canton Bulldogs were an NFL football team that played from 1920 to 1923, skipped the 1924 season, then played 1925 to 1926 before folding.

Canton is the home of the annual Pro Football Hall of Fame Enshrinement Festival, which includes a hot air balloon festival, ribs burn-off, fashion show, community parade, Sunday morning race, enshrinee dinner, and the Pro Football Hall of Fame Grand Parade. The festival culminates in the enshrinement of the new inductees and the NFL/Hall of Fame Game, a pre-season exhibition between teams representing the AFC and NFC at Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium.

Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium is home to the annual Pro Football Hall of Fame Game, and in 2023 served as a hub for the USFL.

Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium, used during the regular season by Canton McKinley High School (as well as some other area schools and colleges), was rated the number one high school football venue in America by the Sporting News in 2002. This may be partly attributable to the Bulldogs' rivalry with the nearby Massillon Washington High School Tigers. All seven of the Ohio High School Athletic Association state final football games are hosted in Canton at Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium.

The Canton Legends played in the American Indoor Football Association at the Canton Civic Center. Operations were suspended in 2009. The Continental Indoor Football League also has offices in Canton.

For the 2023 United States Football League (USFL) season, Canton served as the hub for the New Jersey Generals and Pittsburgh Maulers, with both teams playing their designated home games at Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium.

Other

The first official female bodybuilding competition was held in Canton in November 1977 and was called the Ohio Regional Women's Physique Championship.

For 10 seasons, Canton was home to an NBA G League team, the Canton Charge, which started play with the 2011–12 season and home games at the Canton Memorial Civic Center. The Cleveland Cavaliers had full control over the franchise and relocated the franchise in to Cleveland in 2021 when the ten-year lease ended.

The Canton Invaders of the National Professional Soccer League II and American Indoor Soccer Association played home games at the Canton Memorial Civic Center from 1984 until 1996, winning five league championships. In 2009, the Ohio Vortex became an expansion team in the Professional Arena Soccer League. Operations have since been suspended.

Canton has been home to professional baseball on several occasions. A number of minor league teams called Canton home in the early 1900s, including the Canton Terriers in the 1920s and 1930s. The Canton–Akron Indians were the AA affiliate of the major league Cleveland Indians for nine years, playing at Thurman Munson Memorial Stadium until the team relocated north to Akron following the 1996 season. Two independent minor league teams, the Canton Crocodiles and the Canton Coyotes, both members of the Frontier League, called Munson Stadium home for several years afterward. The Crocodiles, who won the league championship in their inaugural season in 1997, moved to Washington, Pennsylvania, in 2002, and the Coyotes moved to Columbia, Missouri, in 2003, after just one season in Canton.

Canton is home to the Bluecoats Drum and Bugle Corps, a world-class competitor in Drum Corps International. The Bluecoats have been a part of the "top five" finalists in the DCI World Championships since 2013, and took home the Founders' Trophy in 2016, with their show entitled "Down Side Up".

Government

Stark County Office Building

Local

Canton has a mayor–council government and is the largest city in Ohio to operate without a charter. The city council is divided among nine wards with three at-large seats and the council president. The 2018–2019 elected officials of the City of Canton consist of:

City of Canton elected officials 2018–2019
Position Name
Mayor Thomas M. Bernabei
Council President William Sherer II
Council at-Large James Babcock (Assistant Majority Leader)
Council at-Large Louis Giavasis
Council at-Large Bill Smuckler (Majority Leader)
Council Ward 1 Greg Hawk
Council Ward 2 Brenda Kimbrough
Council Ward 3 Jason Scaglione
Council Ward 4 Chris Smith
Council Ward 5 Robert Fisher
Council Ward 6 Kevin D. Hall
Council Ward 7 John Mariol II
Council Ward 8 Peter Ferguson
Council Ward 9 Frank Morris
Auditor Richard A. Mallon II
Treasurer Kim Perez
Law Director Kristen Bates Aylward

State

Canton is represented by the following office holders at the Ohio state government:

City of Canton State Representatives
Position Name
State Senator Kirk Schuring (R)
State Representative Thomas West (D)

Federal

The City of Canton is represented by the following U.S. federal officials:

City of Canton Federal Representatives
Position Name
U.S. Senator Sherrod Brown (D)
U.S. Senator J. D. Vance (R)
U.S. Representative Emilia Sykes (D)
U.S. Representative Bill Johnson (R)

Education

Canton McKinley High School is the largest secondary school in Canton.

Canton's K-12 students are primarily served by the public Canton City School District, which included eight elementary schools, three middle schools, and two high schools, in addition to alternative education centers. A portion of northern Canton is included in the Plain Local School District, and another overlap exists with the suburban Canton Local School District.

Catholic grade schools within Canton are St. Peter, St. Joseph, and Our Lady of Peace. Additional Catholic schools in the immediate area include St. Michael the Archangel School (PK–8) and Central Catholic High School (9–12). There is also Heritage Christian School (K–12), a Christian grade school and high school. Canton Country Day School is a private PreK–8 school located just outside city limits founded as part of the Country Day School movement. Within the city limits is the private Canton Montessori School, which teaches according to the Montessori Plan for education proposed by Maria Montessori in the early 20th century.

Malone University, a private, four-year liberal arts college affiliated with the Evangelical Friends Church - Eastern Region, is located on 25th Street NW. Catholic-run Walsh University is located nearby in North Canton. Stark State College and a branch of Kent State University are also nearby in Jackson Township. Also in downtown Canton, there is a small annex for Stark State College to be used by the early college high school students who are located on the Timken Campus.

Media

Print

Canton is served in print by The Repository, the city's only newspaper.

TV

Canton is part of the Cleveland/Akron/Canton television media market. Four stations are licensed to Canton – full-power WDLI (Bounce) and WRLM (TCT), and low-power WOHZ-CD (Telemundo/CBS/CW - WTCL-LD/WOIO/WUAB simulcast) and WIVM-LD (Independent). The two full-power stations identify as Canton/Akron/Cleveland, serving the entire market, while the two low-power stations specifically serve Canton.

Canton also has a cable Public-access television channel, Canton City Schools TV 11. The content varies based on the viewer's location. Citizens located in North Canton will see North Canton's programming instead of Canton City's. Those within the borders of Plain Local Schools will see Eagle Television's programming.

Radio

Though it's part of the Cleveland TV market, Canton is its own radio market, served by stations such as WKRW 89.3 (NPR - WKSU simulcast), WDJQ 92.5 (Contemporary hits), WHBC-FM 94.1 (Hot AC), WHOF 101.7 (Classic hits), WRQK 106.9 (Rock), WTIG 990 (Sports), WILB 1060 (Catholic), WDPN 1310 (Soft AC), WHBC 1480 (News/Talk), and WINW 1530 (Gospel).

Transportation

A SARTA bus in 2013

Canton is connected to the Interstate Highway System via Interstate 77, which connects Canton to Marietta to the south and Cleveland to the north. U.S. Route 30 connects Canton to Wooster westward and East Liverpool eastward. U.S. Route 62 connects Canton to Millersburg to the southwest and to Youngstown to the northeast.

The city has several arterial roads, including Ohio 43 (Market Avenue, Walnut Avenue and Cherry Avenue), Ohio 153 (12th Street and Mahoning Road), Ohio 172 (Tuscarawas Street) / The Lincoln Highway, Ohio 297 (Whipple Avenue and Raff Avenue), Ohio 627 (Faircrest Street), Ohio 687 (Fulton Drive), and Ohio 800 (Cleveland Avenue) / A.K.A. Old Route 8.

Until 1990, Amtrak's passenger trains Broadway Limited and the Capitol Limited made stops at Canton station. Amtrak's Capitol Limited currently makes stops in Alliance station, 20 miles (32 km) to the northeast. Norfolk Southern and the Wheeling and Lake Erie railroads provide freight service in Canton.

Stark Area Regional Transit Authority (SARTA) provides public transit bus service within the county, including service to Massillon and the Akron-Canton Regional Airport. In February 2022, it was reported that SARTA had hired a consultant group to study the feasibility of a light rail line from the Pro Football Hall of Fame to downtown Canton, with possible expansion to other locations around the county in the future. In June of that same year, the full plan was released, calling for a nine-mile line from Akron-Canton Airport to downtown, where it would run down 3rd street in a separated lane from traffic. It would connect to existing bus services near Belden Village Mall and Cornerstone Transit Center. A first round of public meetings was held.

Notable people

Sister cities

Canton has two sister cities:


This page was last updated at 2024-03-17 20:34 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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