Carlos Kleiber discography

Carlos Kleiber discography
Carlos Kleiber.png
Studio recordings9
Live audio recordings75
Live video recordings18
Compilations2
Posthumous documentaries2

The Austrian conductor Carlos Kleiber (1930–2004) only released nine studio recordings over the course of his five-decade career. He was famous for his elusiveness, often canceling concerts on short notice and appearing in only 96 orchestral concerts as well as about 620 opera performances. Equally as hesitant with recordings, Kleiber stated that "every unproduced record is a good record", and was described as not being able to "bear the thought of listeners sitting at home with a score in their hands… identifying every mistake". His nine studio recordings are of four operas and five symphonies published by Deutsche Grammophon, as well as a single piano concerto with EMI. Each became critically acclaimed in its own right, with those of Beethoven's 5th and 7th symphonies hailed as among the most outstanding classical music recordings ever made. Following his abandonment of the studio in 1982, Kleiber is represented by 75 live audio and 18 live video recordings, many of which are bootlegs; those of Der Rosenkavalier and the Vienna New Year's Concerts have been especially admired. Kleiber's contributions in the studio and stage have secured his place as not only one of the most important 20th century conductors, but as one of the greatest of all time.

Kleiber's first two studio recordings were abandoned before completion: a 1975 recording of Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 5 with Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli and a 1979 recording of Puccini's La bohème at La Scala. His first success came in 1973 when he recorded Der Freischütz with Staatskapelle Dresden, followed by recordings with the Vienna Philharmonic (VPO) of Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 in 1975 and No. 7 in 1976. Both symphonies received much praise, with one reviewer commenting on the former that "it was as if Homer had come back to recite the Iliad". Around the mid-1970s Kleiber became closely associated with the Bavarian State Orchestra (BSO), and although they did not complete a recording of Berg's Wozzeck and Dvořák's Symphony No. 9, they released acclaimed recordings of Die Fledermaus by Johann Strauss in 1976 and Verdi's La traviata in 1977. Also in 1977, he also released a recording of Dvořák's Piano Concerto with the BSO and the pianist Sviatoslav Richter, making this his first and only studio recording with a soloist. Kleiber returned to the VPO in late 1978, and released recordings of Schubert's Symphony Nos. 3 and 8 the following year. He began recording both Brahms' Symphony No. 4 with the VPO and Tristan und Isolde with Staatskapelle Dresden in 1980. While the former would be released in 1981, the latter would continue recording until April 1982 when Kleiber walked out for unknown reasons. However, enough had been recorded to allow its release later that year; it was highly praised, particularly for the surprising but successful pick of the young Welsh soprano Margaret Price as Isolde.

His earliest surviving recordings is a 1960 live performance with the NDR Symphony Orchestra of the Suite in B flat major by Georg Philipp Telemann and the Cello Concerto in B flat major by Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach. As a whole, his recordings represent a limited repertoire; many recordings of the same piece, including nine recordings of both Beethoven's 4th and 7th symphonies and Der Rosenkavalier; eight recordings of Tristan und Isolde; six recordings of La bohème; and five recordings of the overture from Der Freischütz. Deutsche Grammophon released two collections in 2010 and 2014 of Kleiber's recordings under their label. Two posthumous documentaries on Kleiber were also released in 2010 and 2011.

Discography

  Private live recording   Video not commercially available

Discography
Date Composer: Work(s) Orchestra
(chorus: chorus master)
Soloist(s) Release(s)
Year Label Cat (Medium)

Studio recordings

22 January –
6 February 1973
Weber: Der Freischütz Staatskapelle Dresden
(MDR: Horst Neumann)
Janowitz 1973 DGG 2720 071 (2 LPs)
1986 DGG 415 432-2 (2 CDs)
29, 30 March,
4 April 1974
Beethoven: Symphony No. 5 Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra 1975 DGG 2530 516 (1 LP)
1984 DGG 415 861-2 (1 CD)
26–29 November 1975,
16 January 1976
Beethoven: Symphony No. 7 Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra 1976 DGG 2530 706 (1 LP)
1984 DGG 415 862-2 (1 CD)
9–14, 28 October 1975 Strauss II: Die Fledermaus Bavarian State Orchestra
(& chorus: Wolfgang Baumgart)
Prey 1976 DGG 2707 088 (2 LPs)
1986 DGG 415 646-2 (2 CDs)
14–21 May 1976,
26 January,
25-26 June 1977
Verdi: La traviata Bavarian State Orchestra
(& chorus: Wolfgang Baumgart)
Cotrubaș 1977 DGG 2707 103 (2 LPs)
1985 DGG 415 132-2 (1 CD)
18–21 June 1976 Dvořák: Piano Concerto Bavarian State Orchestra Richter 1977 EMI 5 66947 2 (1 LP)
1987 EMI CDC 7 47967 2 (1 CD)
11–15 September 1978 Schubert: Symphony Nos. 3 & 8 Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra 1979 DGG 2531 124 (1 LP)
1984 DGG 415 601-2 (1 CD)
12, 15 March, 1980 Brahms: Symphony No. 4 Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra 1981 DGG 2532 003 (1 LP)
1998 DGG 457 706-2 (1 CD)
August 1980 –
April 1982
Wagner: Tristan und Isolde Staatskapelle Dresden
(MDR: Gernhard Richter)
Kollo & Price 1982 DGG 2741 006 (5 LPs)
1986 DGG 413 315-2 (4 CDs)

Live audio recordings

7 December 1960 Telemann: Suite in B flat major NDR Symphony Orchestra 2011 Profil PH11031
C.P.E. Bach: Cello Concerto in B flat major NDR Symphony Orchestra Güdel
1 December 1962 Offenbach: "Die kleine Zauberflöte"
(Le fifre enchanté, ou Le soldat magicien)
Deutsche Oper am Rhein Orchestra Diekmann 2013 Profil PH12066
Offenbach: "Die Verlobung bei der Laterne"
(Le mariage aux lanternes)
Deutsche Oper am Rhein Orchestra Wien [de]
Offenbach: "Die Insel Tulipatan"
(L'île de Tulipatan)
Deutsche Oper am Rhein Orchestra Ollendorff [de]
5 March 1964 Verdi: I due Foscari Deutsche Oper am Rhein Orchestra
(& chorus)
Polakoff 2014 Classical Video Rarities
4 March 1965 Verdi: Falstaff Zurich Opera Orchestra
(& chorus)
Mittelmann 2009 Classical Video Rarities
7 June 1967 Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde Vienna Symphony Orchestra Ludwig & Kmentt 2014 Wiener Symphoniker 007
Mozart: Symphony No. 33 Vienna Symphony Orchestra 1989 Nuova Era 2296
29 November 1969 Weber: Der Freischütz (Overture) Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra ? SDR TST-77 331-2
27 January 1970 Weber: Der Freischütz (Overture) Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra 1996 Toshiba-EMI TOLW-3751/4
Released as an LD in 1996
Strauss II: Die Fledermaus (Overture) 1993 Capanella 001
Released as an LD in 1996
22 April 1970 Weber: Der Freischütz (Overture) Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra 1996 Toshiba EMI TOLW-3751/4
27 November 1970 Berg: Wozzeck Bavarian State Orchestra
(& chorus)
Adam 2007 Opera Depot 10250-2
24 January 1971 Verdi: Otello Staatsorchester Stuttgart
(& chorus)
Windgassen 2012 Premiere Opera CD 8196-2
17 June 1971 R. Strauss: Elektra Staatsorchester Stuttgart
(& chorus)
Steger 1999 Golden Melodram 6.0011
20 April 1972 R. Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier
(Scenes from Act II & III)
Bavarian State Orchestra
(& chorus)
Jones 2003 Orfeo C 580 031 B
27 May 1972 Haydn: Symphony No. 94 WDR Symphony Orchestra Cologne 1992 Meteor MCD-001
Berg: Wozzeck (excerpts) Fine 1993 Artists FED 045.46
Beethoven: Symphony No. 7 1993 Artists FED 018
24 July 1972 Wagner: Tristan und Isolde
("Prelude" & "Liebestod")
Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra 2006 Golden Melodram 4.0081
12 December 1972 Borodin: Symphony No. 2 Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra 1996 Mediaphon 75.103
22 April 1973 Wagner: Tristan und Isolde Staatsorchester Stuttgart
(& chorus)
Windgassen & Ligendza 2003 Living Stage LS-1052
13 July 1973 R. Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier Bavarian State Orchestra
(& chorus)
Watson 1992 Exclusive EX92T49/51
7 October 1973 Wagner: Tristan und Isolde Vienna Philharmonic
(& chorus: Norbert Balatsch)
Hopf & Ligendza 1992 Exclusive EX93T18/20
15 June 1974 R. Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier Royal Opera House orchestra
(& chorus)
Dernesch 2012 Classical Video Rarities
25 July 1974 Wagner: Tristan und Isolde Bayreuth Festival orchestra
(& chorus)
Brilioth [de] & Ligendza 1996 Hypnos HYP254/6
31 December 1974 Strauss II: Die Fledermaus Bavarian State Orchestra
(& chorus)
Wächter 1996 Hypnos HYP252/3
26 April 1975 Verdi: La traviata Bavarian State Orchestra
(& chorus)
Cotrubaș 2004 Memories ME-1014/5
4 August 1975 Wagner: Tristan und Isolde Bayreuth Festival orchestra
(& chorus: Norbert Balatsch)
Brilioth [de] & Ligendza 1992 Exclusive EX92T54/56
4 May 1976 R. Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier La Scala orchestra
(& chorus)
Lear 2000 Myto 3MCD002.218
30 July 1976 Wagner: Tristan und Isolde Bayreuth Festival orchestra
(& chorus)
Wenkoff & Ligendza 1989 Legendary LR196-4
7 December 1976 Verdi: Otello La Scala orchestra
(& chorus: Romano Gandolfi)
Domingo 1978 Bruno Walter Society IGI-302
Released as a VHS in 1996
6/14 May 1977 R. Strauss: Elektra Royal Opera House orchestra
(& chorus)
Nilsson 1999 Golden Melodram 6.0001
16 June 1977 Verdi: La traviata Bavarian State Orchestra
(& chorus)
Maliponte 1999 Golden Melodram 6.000
15 July 1977 R. Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier Bavarian State Orchestra
(& chorus)
Jones ? Legendary LR179-4/LRCD1014-3
31 July 1977 R. Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier Bavarian State Orchestra
(& chorus)
Dernesch 2003 Living Stage LS1040
31 October 1977 Verdi: Otello Bavarian State Orchestra
(& chorus)
Cassutta 2006 Golden Melodram GM 5.0061
12 April 1978 Wagner: Tristan und Isolde La Scala orchestra
(& chorus)
Wenkoff & Ligendza 1999 Myto 3MCD993.208
? April 1978 Wagner: Tristan und Isolde 2016 PremiereOpera PO30439
12 June 1978 Verdi: La traviata Bavarian State Orchestra
(& chorus: Hermann Sapell)
Cotrubaș 1993 Artists FED045/6
12 October 1978 Weber: Der Freischütz (Overture) Chicago Symphony Orchestra 1990 Recitative 116
Beethoven: Symphony No. 5
Schubert: Symphony No. 3 1992 Exclusive EX92T21
9 December 1978 Bizet: Carmen Vienna Philharmonic
(& chorus: Norbert Balatsch)
Obraztsova 1992 Exclusive EX92T11/12
Released as a DVD in 2004
22 March 1979 Puccini: La bohème La Scala orchestra
(& chorus)
Pavarotti & Cotrubaș 1992 Exclusive EX92T01/2
30 March 1979 Puccini: La bohème 1990 Recitative 115
Released as a VHS in 1997
7 November 1979 Puccini: La bohème Royal Opera House orchestra
(& chorus)
Aragall & Cotrubaș 1999 We love Carlos Society WLC 2-703
16 December 1979 Weber: Der Freischütz (Overture) Vienna Philharmonic 1992 Exclusive EX92T25
Mozart: Symphony No. 33 1992 Casanova CA-002
Brahms: Symphony No. 4
February 1980 Verdi: Otello
(Act I Dress rehearsal)
Royal Opera House orchestra
(& chorus: Romano Gandolfi)
Domingo 2013 Classical Video Rarities
19 February 1980 Verdi: Otello 2001 Golden Melodram 5.0028
2 March 1981 Strauss II: "Thunder and Lightning" Bavarian State Orchestra 1999 We love Carlos Society WLC 1-710
2 September 1981 Verdi: Otello La Scala orchestra
(& chorus)
Tokyo Bunka Kaikan
Domingo 1993 Artists FED020/21
Video recording exists
15 September 1981 Puccini: La bohème La Scala orchestra
(& chorus: Romano Gandolfi)
Tokyo Bunka Kaikan
Dvorsky & Freni 1993 Artists FED015/16
Video recording exists
28 February 1982 Haydn: Symphony No. 94 Vienna Philharmonic 1992 Exclusive EX91T13 or EX92T13
Beethoven: Symphony No. 7 1992 Exclusive EX91T25
3 May 1982 Beethoven: Symphony No. 4 Bavarian State Orchestra 1984 Orfeo C 100 841 A
Beethoven: Symphony No. 7 2006 Orfeo C 700 051 C
7 November 1983 Haydn: Symphony No. 94 Bavarian State Orchestra 2000 We love Carlos Society WLC 1-712
Beethoven: Symphony No. 6
2 June 1983 Butterworth: English Idyll No. 1 Chicago Symphony Orchestra 1993 Artists FED 045.46
Mozart: Symphony No. 33 2001 Passion & Concentration PACO1021
Brahms: Symphony No. 2
9 December 1984 Verdi: La traviata Orchestra del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino
(& chorus: Roberto Gabbiani)
Gasdia 1992 Exclusive EX92T42/43
20 December 1984 2014 Maggio Live OF004
18 January 1985 Puccini: La bohème
(Scenes from Act IV)
Vienna Philharmonic
(& chorus)
Pavarotti & Freni 2010 Orfeo C 806 1021
10 March 1986 Butterworth: English Idyll No. 1 Bavarian State Orchestra 2007 Vibrato VLL 217
Schubert: Symphony No. 3 2000 We love Carlos Society WLC 1-713
Brahms: Symphony No. 4
19 May 1986 Beethoven: Symphony No. 4 Bavarian State Orchestra
Hitomi Memorial Hall, Tokyo
1994 Topazio 2604.10
Video recording exists
Beethoven: Symphony No. 7
Strauss II: Die Fledermaus (Overture)
Strauss II: "Thunder and Lightning"
5 February 1987 Verdi: Otello La Scala orchestra
(& chorus)
Tokyo Bunka Kaikan
Domingo 1999 We love Carlos Society WLC 2-706
20 September 1987 Mozart: Symphony No. 36 Bavarian State Orchestra
Teatro Grande (Pompei) [it]
1993 Artists FED 019
Brahms: Symphony No. 2
1 February 1988 Puccini: La bohème Metropolitan Opera orchestra
(& chorus)
Pavarotti & Freni 2003 Lyrica LR59
20 March 1988 Mozart: Symphony No. 36 Vienna Philharmonic 1992 Exclusive EX92T13
Brahms: Symphony No. 2 1992 Exclusive EX92T10
1 January 1989 Vienna New Year's Concert
(Various pieces)
Vienna Philharmonic 1989 Sony Classical MK2 45564
Released as a LD in 1989
9 March 1989 Mozart: Symphony No. 36 Berlin Philharmonic 1999 We love Carlos Society WLC 1-709
19 March 1990 Verdi: Otello Metropolitan Opera orchestra
(& chorus)
Domingo 2013 Classical Video Rarities
17, 20 October 1990 R. Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier Metropolitan Opera orchestra
(& chorus: John Keenan)
Lott 1993 Exclusive EX93T69/71
1 January 1992 Vienna New Year's Concert
(Various pieces)
Vienna Philharmonic 1992 Sony Classical SK 48 376
Released as a LD in 1992
16 May 1993 Mozart: Symphony No. 33 Vienna Philharmonic 1997 First Classics FC-116.7
R. Strauss: Ein Heldenleben 1997 Dumka DCD-30-1
28 June 1994 Beethoven: Coriolan Overture Berlin Philharmonic 1999 We love Carlos Society WLC 1-704
Mozart: Symphony No. 33
Brahms: Symphony No. 4
7 October 1994 R. Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier Vienna Philharmonic
(& chorus)
Tokyo Bunka Kaikan
Lott 2004 Curtain Call CCCD-1001/3
5 April 1996 Beethoven: Coriolan Overture Bavarian State Orchestra 1999 We love Carlos Society WLC 1-707
Mozart: Symphony No. 33
Brahms: Symphony No. 4
21 October 1996 Beethoven: Coriolan Overture Bavarian State Orchestra 1997 Dumka DCD-30-02
Released as a DVD in 2004
Mozart: Symphony No. 33
Brahms: Symphony No. 4
6 June 1997 Brahms: Symphony No. 4 Slovenian Philharmonic Orchestra 1999 Link 600-1
18 June 1997 Brahms: Symphony No. 4 Bavarian State Orchestra 1999 We love Carlos Society WLC 1-710
7 January 1999 Beethoven: Symphony No. 4 Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra 1999 We love Carlos Society WLC 1-701
Beethoven: Symphony No. 7
9 January 1999 Beethoven: Symphony No. 4 Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra 1999 We love Carlos Society WLC 1-702
Beethoven: Symphony No. 7
20 February 1999 Beethoven: Symphony No. 4 Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra 1999 We love Carlos Society WLC 1-705
Beethoven: Symphony No. 7
24 February 1999 Beethoven: Symphony No. 4 Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra 1999 We love Carlos Society WLC 1-708
Beethoven: Symphony No. 7
26 February 1999 Strauss II: Die Fledermaus (Overture) Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra 2006 Memories ME-1071
Beethoven: Symphony No. 4 1999 We love Carlos Society WLC 1-711
Beethoven: Symphony No. 7

Live video recordings

27 January 1970 Weber: Der Freischütz: (Overture)
(& January rehearsal)
Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra 1996 Toshiba-EMI TOLW-3751/4 (LD)
Strauss II: Die Fledermaus (Overture)
(& January rehearsal)
1974 – 1976 Wagner: Tristan und Isolde (excerpts) Bayreuth Festival orchestra
(& chorus)
Unknown cast Unknown
7 December 1976 Verdi: Otello La Scala orchestra
(& chorus: Romano Gandolfi)
Domingo 1996 Bel Canto Society BCS-0676 (VHS)
9 December 1978 Bizet: Carmen Vienna State Opera orchestra
(& chorus: Norbert Balatsch)
Obraztsova 2004 TDK DVCS-CLOPCAR (DVD)
30 March 1979 Puccini: La bohème La Scala orchestra
(& chorus)
Pavarotti & Cotrubaș 1997 Opera Video 101 (VHS)
? May, June 1979 R. Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier Bavarian State Orchestra
(& chorus: Josef Beischer)
Jones 2005 DG 072 605-1 (LD)
25, 27 April 1981 Beethoven: Coriolan Overture Vienna Philharmonic
Teatro Juárez [es]
GTO: (TV: 25, 27 April)
Strauss II: Die Fledermaus (Overture)
Beethoven: Symphony No. 5
Strauss II: "Thunder and Lightning"
2 September 1981 Verdi: Otello La Scala orchestra
(& chorus)
Tokyo Bunka Kaikan
Domingo NHK (TV: 2 September)
15 September 1981 Puccini: La bohème La Scala orchestra
(& chorus: Romano Gandolfi)
Tokyo Bunka Kaikan
Dvorsky & Freni NHK (TV: 15 September)
19, 20 October 1983 Beethoven: Symphony No. 4 Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra 1988 Philips 070 300-1 (LD)
Beethoven: Symphony No. 7
19 May 1986 Beethoven: Symphony No. 4 Bavarian State Orchestra
Hitomi Memorial Hall, Tokyo
NHK (TV: 19 May)
Beethoven: Symphony No. 7
Strauss II: Die Fledermaus (Overture)
Strauss II: "Thunder and Lightning"
30, 31 December 1986 Strauss II: Die Fledermaus Bavarian State Orchestra
(& chorus: Udo Mehrpohl)
Wächter 2005 DG 072 500-1 (LD)
1 January 1989 Vienna New Year's Concert Vienna Philharmonic 1989 DG 072 246-1 (LD)
6–7 October 1991 Mozart: Symphony No. 36 Bavarian State Orchestra 1992 Philips 070 261-1 (LD)
Brahms: Symphony No. 2
1 January 1992 Vienna New Year's Concert Vienna Philharmonic 1992 Philips 070 352-1 (LD)
23 March 1994 R. Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier Vienna Philharmonic
(& chorus: Dietrich D. Gerpheide)
Tokyo Bunka Kaikan
Lott 2001 DG 072 643-1 (LD)
21 October 1996 Beethoven: Coriolan Overture Bavarian State Orchestra 2004 DG 00440 073 4017 (DVD)
Mozart: Symphony No. 33
Brahms: Symphony No. 4
? December 1996 R. Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier Vienna Philharmonic
(& chorus)
Lott 3sat (TV: December)

Compilations

Compilations
Year Title Contents Discs
2010 Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon 12 CDs
2014 Complete Orchestral Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon 4 CDs

Posthumous documentaries

Posthumous documentaries
Year Title Director Features Production
2010 Carlos Kleiber – I Am Lost to the World Georg Wübbolt C Major Entertainment 715304
2011 Carlos Kleiber – Traces to Nowhere Eric Schulz Arthaus Musik 101553

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