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Daohugoupterus

Daohugoupterus
Temporal range: Bathonian-Oxfordian, 164 Ma
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Order: Pterosauria
Genus: Daohugoupterus
Cheng et al., 2015
Species:
D. delicatus
Binomial name
Daohugoupterus delicatus
Cheng et al., 2015

Daohugoupterus is a genus of pterosaur from the Middle to Late Jurassic[1] Daohugou Beds of the Tiaojishan Formation in Inner Mongolia, China.[2]

Discovery and naming

Through field work by Zhou Zhonghe and Li Yan, the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology at Beijing acquired a pterosaur specimen found at the village of Daohugou near Linglongta. It was prepared by Li Yutong. The specimen is catalogued as IVPP V12537. It is a partial skeleton with soft tissue impressions, compressed on a plate and counterplate. This specimen includes part of the torso and pectoral girdle, the left humerus (upper arm bone), both coracoids, right scapula, the sternal plate, neck vertebrae, back vertebrae, ribs, and the posterior part of the skull and lower jaws.[2]

Daohugoupterus was named and described in 2015 by Cheng Xin, Wang Xiaolin, Jiang Shunxing and Alexander Wilhelm Armin Kellner. The type and only known species is Daohugoupterus delicatus. The generic name combines a reference to Daohugou with a Latinised Greek πτερόν, pteron, "wing". The specific name means "delicate" in Latin, in reference to the gracile build.[2]

Description

Daohugoupterus is a small pterosaur. The humerus is 41.8 mm (1.65 in) long.[2]

Two distinguishing traits were indicated, which were considered possible autapomorphies: the nasal bones deeply invade the frontal bones, and the sternal plate is broad, being 2.5 times wider than it is long.[2]

Classification

The short neck vertebrae, presence of cervical ribs, and the form of the humerus with a quadrangular deltopectoral crest indicate that Daohugoupterus was a relatively basal pterosaur, outside of the Pterodactyloidea. It was placed Pterosauria incertae sedis.[2]

Paleoecology

Daohugoupterus is a member of the Yanliao Biota, which also includes the pterosaurs Jeholopterus and Pterorhynchus; Daohugoupterus is the smallest of the three.[2]

References

  1. ^ Gao, K. -Q.; Shubin, N. H. (2012). "Late Jurassic salamandroid from western Liaoning, China". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109 (15): 5767–72. doi:10.1073/pnas.1009828109. PMC 3326464. PMID 22411790.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Cheng, X.; Wang, X.; Jiang, S.; Kellner, A.W.A. (2015). "Short note on a non-pterodactyloid pterosaur from Upper Jurassic deposits of Inner Mongolia, China". Historical Biology: An International Journal of Paleobiology. 27 (6): 749–754. doi:10.1080/08912963.2014.974038.

This page was last updated at 2021-06-23 10:37 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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