Dependent territory

A dependent territory, dependent area, or dependency (sometimes referred as an external territory) is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state and remains politically outside the controlling state's integral area. As such, a dependent territory includes a range of non-integrated not fully to non-independent territory types, from associated states to non-self-governing territories (e.g. a colony).

A dependent territory is commonly distinguished from a country subdivision by being considered not to be a constituent part of a sovereign state. An administrative subdivision, instead, is understood to be a division of a state proper. A dependent territory, conversely, often maintains a great degree of autonomy from its controlling state. Historically, most colonies were considered to be dependent territories. Not all autonomous entities, though, are considered to be dependent territories.[failed verification] Most inhabited, dependent territories have their own ISO 3166 country codes.

Some political entities inhabit a special position guaranteed by an international treaty or another agreement, thereby creating a certain level of autonomy (e.g. a difference in immigration rules). Those entities are sometimes considered to be, or are at least grouped with, dependent territories, but are officially considered by their governing states to be an integral part of those states. Such an example is Åland, an autonomous region of Finland.

Summary

The lists below include the following:

Dependent territories

Greenland, an autonomous territory of Denmark in North America
  • Two states in free association, one dependent territory, and one Antarctic claim in the listing for New Zealand
  • One uninhabited territory and two Antarctic claims in the listing for Norway
  • 13 overseas territories (ten autonomous, two used primarily as military bases, and one uninhabited), three Crown dependencies, and one Antarctic claim in the listing for the United Kingdom
  • 13 unincorporated territories (five inhabited and eight uninhabited) and two claimed but uncontrolled territories in the listing for the United States

Similar entities

  • Six external territories (three inhabited and three uninhabited) and one Antarctic claim in the listing for Australia
  • Two special administrative regions in the listing for China
  • Two self-governing territories with autonomy in internal affairs in the listing for Denmark
  • One autonomous region governed according to an act and international treaties in the listing for Finland
  • Five autonomous overseas collectivities, one sui generis collectivity, and two uninhabited overseas territories (one of which includes an Antarctic claim) in the listing for France
  • Three constituent countries with autonomy in internal affairs in the listing for the Netherlands
  • One internal territory with limited sovereignty in the listing for Norway
Aruba, a Dependent territory of the Netherlands in the Caribbean
Dependent territories and their sovereign states. All territories are labeled according to ISO 3166-1 or with numbers. Coloured areas without labels are integral parts of their respective countries. Antarctica is shown as a condominium instead of individual claims.

Lists of dependent territories

This list includes all territories that have not been legally incorporated into their governing state, including several territories that are not on the list of non-self-governing territories of the General Assembly of the United Nations. All claims in Antarctica are listed in italics.

New Zealand

New Zealand has two self-governing associated states, one dependent territory, and a territorial claim in Antarctica.[better source needed]

Associated state Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Cook Islands Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand since 1965. Cook Islands' status is considered to be equivalent to independence for international law purposes, and the country exercises full sovereignty over its internal and external affairs. Under the terms of the free association agreement, however, New Zealand retains some responsibility for the foreign relations and defence of the Cook Islands. These responsibilities confer no rights of control and are exercised only at the request of the Cook Islands Government. The government of New Zealand does not consider it appropriate for the Cook Islands to have a separate seat at the United Nations, due to its continued use of the right of Cook Islanders to have New Zealand citizenship. CK
 Niue Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand since 1974. Niue's status is considered to be equivalent to independence for international law purposes, and the country exercises full sovereignty over its internal and external affairs. Under the terms of the free association agreement, however, New Zealand retains some responsibility for the foreign relations and defence of Niue. These responsibilities confer no rights of control and are exercised only at the request of the Government of Niue. The government of New Zealand does not consider it appropriate for the Niue to have a separate seat at the United Nations, due to its continued use of the right of Niueans to have New Zealand citizenship. NU
Dependent territory Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Tokelau Territory of New Zealand. A UN-sponsored referendum on self-governance in February 2006 did not produce the two-thirds supermajority necessary for changing the current political status. Another one was in October 2007, which failed to reach the two-thirds margin. TK
Dependent territory
(uninhabited, claimed)
Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Ross Dependency This is New Zealand's Antarctic claim. Unlike Tokelau and the associated states (Cook Islands and Niue), the Ross Dependency is, according to the New Zealand government, constitutionally part of New Zealand.

Norway

Norway has one dependent territory and two Antarctic claims. Norway also possesses the inhabited islands of Svalbard where Norwegian sovereignty is limited (see below).

Dependent territory
(uninhabited)
Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Bouvet Island Dependency administered from Oslo by the Polar Affairs Department of the Ministry of Justice and the Police. BV
Dependent territory
(uninhabited, claimed)
Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Peter I Island Dependencies (subject to the Antarctic Treaty System) administered from Oslo by the Polar Affairs Department of the Ministry of Justice and the Police.
 Queen Maud Land

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom has three "Crown Dependencies", thirteen "Overseas Territories" (ten autonomous, two used primarily as military bases, and one uninhabited), and one Antarctic claim.

Crown Dependency Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Guernsey Responsibility for defence, international representation, and good government rests with the United Kingdom. GG
 Isle of Man IM
 Jersey JE
Overseas Territory Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Anguilla House of Assembly of Anguilla handles domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories. AI
 Bermuda Parliament of Bermuda handles domestic affairs and the territory is defined by the U.K. as self-governing. Appears on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories. BM
 British Virgin Islands House of Assembly of the British Virgin Islands handles domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories VG
 Cayman Islands Parliament of the Cayman Islands handles domestic affairs. Almost complete internal self-government. Appears on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories. KY
 Falkland Islands Legislative Assembly of the Falkland Islands handles domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories. FK
 Gibraltar Gibraltar Parliament handles domestic affairs. Almost complete internal self-government. Appears on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories. GI
 Montserrat Legislative Council of Montserrat handles domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories. MS
 Pitcairn Islands Island Council of the Pitcairn Islands handles some domestic affairs, however decisions are subject to approval by the Governor of the Pitcairn Islands, reporting to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Appears on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories. PN
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Legislative Council of Saint Helena, Ascension Island Council and Tristan da Cunha Island Council handle domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories. SH
 Turks and Caicos Islands House of Assembly of the Turks and Caicos Islands handles some domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories. TC
Overseas Territory
(Sovereign Base Areas)
Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia Two sovereign base areas administered as a single British overseas territory by the Commander of British Forces Cyprus, reporting to the Ministry of Defence. Permanent Cypriot population, as well as British military personnel and their families.
Overseas Territory
(uninhabited)
Administration ISO 3166 country code
 British Indian Ocean Territory Administered by the Commissioner for the British Indian Ocean Territory, reporting to the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office. The Indigenous Chagossian population was removed between 1967 and 1973. Presently the territory is restricted to military personnel, principally at the joint U.K.-U.S. naval base on the atoll of Diego Garcia. IO
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Administered by the Commissioner for South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (who is also the Governor of the Falkland Islands), reporting to the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office. GS
Overseas Territory
(uninhabited, claimed)
Administration ISO 3166 country code
 British Antarctic Territory Administered by the Commissioner for the British Antarctic Territory, reporting to the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office. The UK's Antarctic claim.

United States

The United States has 13 "unincorporated" dependent territories under its administration and two claimed territories outside its control. The uninhabited Palmyra Atoll is administered similarly to some of these territories, and is usually included on lists of U.S. overseas territories, but it is excluded from this list because it is classified in U.S. law as an incorporated territory. The U.S. Constitution does not apply in full to the insular areas.

Unincorporated organized territory Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Guam Unincorporated organized territory of the U.S.; policy relations conducted through the Office of Insular Affairs of the Department of the Interior. Appears on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories GU or

US-GU

 Northern Mariana Islands Unincorporated organized territory of the U.S. with Commonwealth status; federal funding administered by the Office of Insular Affairs of the Department of the Interior MP or

US-MP

 Puerto Rico Unincorporated organized territory of the U.S. with Commonwealth status; policy relations conducted through the Executive Office of the President PR or

US-PR

 U.S. Virgin Islands Unincorporated organized territory of the U.S. Policy relations conducted by the Office of Insular Affairs of the Department of the Interior. Appears on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories VI or

US-VI

Unincorporated unorganized territory Administration ISO 3166 country code
 American Samoa Unincorporated unorganized territory administered by the Office of Insular Affairs of the Department of the Interior. Appears on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories AS or

US-AS

Unincorporated unorganized territory
(uninhabited)
Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Baker Island Unincorporated unorganized territories of the U.S. administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of the Interior UM-81
 Howland Island UM-84
 Jarvis Island UM-86
 Johnston Atoll UM-67
 Kingman Reef UM-89
 Midway Atoll UM-71
 Navassa Island Unincorporated unorganized territory of the U.S. administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of the Interior from the Cabo Rojo National Wildlife Refuge in Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico UM-76
 Wake Island Unincorporated unorganized territory of the U.S. administered by the U.S. Air Force under an agreement with the Department of the Interior UM-79
Unincorporated unorganized territory
(uninhabited, claimed)
Administration ISO 3166 country code
Bajo Nuevo Bank Administered by Colombia. Claimed by the U.S. (under the Guano Islands Act) and Jamaica. A claim by Nicaragua was resolved in 2012 in favor of Colombia by the International Court of Justice (the U.S. is not a party nor recognises the court's jurisdiction).
Serranilla Bank Administered by Colombia. Site of a naval garrison. Claimed by the U.S. (since 1879 under the Guano Islands Act), Honduras, and Jamaica. A claim by Nicaragua was resolved in 2012 in favor of Colombia by the International Court of Justice (the U.S. is not a party nor recognises the court's jurisdiction).

Lists of similar entities

The following entities are, according to the law of their state, integral parts of the state but exhibit many characteristics of dependent territories. This list is generally limited to entities that are either subject to an international treaty on their status, uninhabited, or have a unique level of autonomy and are largely self-governing in matters other than international affairs. It generally does not include entities with no unique autonomy, such as the five overseas departments and regions (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Réunion) of France; the BES islands (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba) of the Netherlands; Jan Mayen of Norway; and Palmyra Atoll of the United States. Entities with only limited unique autonomy, such as Barbuda of Antigua and Barbuda; Sabah and Sarawak of Malaysia; the two autonomous regions (the Azores and Madeira) of Portugal; Nevis of Saint Kitts and Nevis; the Canary Islands and the two autonomous cities (Ceuta and Melilla) of Spain; and Zanzibar of Tanzania are also not included. All claims in Antarctica are listed in italics.

Australia

Australia has six external territories in its administration and one Antarctic claim.

Although all territories of Australia are considered to be fully integrated in its federal system, and the official status of an external territory does not differ largely from that of a mainland territory (except in regards to immigration law), debate remains as to whether the external territories are integral parts of Australia, due to their not being part of Australia in 1901, when its constituent states federated (with the exception of the Coral Sea Islands, which was a part of Queensland). Norfolk Island was self-governing from 1979 to 2016. The external territories are often grouped separately from Australia proper for statistical purposes.[citation needed]

External territory Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Christmas Island Administered from Canberra by the Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development, Communications and the Arts CX
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands CC
 Norfolk Island NF
External territory
(uninhabited)
Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Ashmore and Cartier Islands Administered from Canberra by the Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development, Communications and the Arts No unique ISO 3166 country codes
 Coral Sea Islands
 Heard Island and McDonald Islands Administered from Canberra by the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment HM
External territory
(uninhabited, claimed)
Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Australian Antarctic Territory Administered from Canberra by the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment

China

The People's Republic of China (PRC) has two special administrative regions (SARs) that are governed according to the constitution and respective basic laws. The SARs greatly differ from Mainland China in administrative, economic, legislative, and judicial terms including by currency, left-hand versus right-hand traffic, official languages, and immigration control. Although the PRC does claim sovereignty over Taiwan (governed by the Republic of China), it is not listed here as the PRC government does not have de facto control of the territory.

Special administrative region Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Hong Kong Former British colony. Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China since 1997 according to the Sino-British Joint Declaration, an international treaty registered with the United Nations. The Hong Kong Basic Law purports to provide for the territory to enjoy a "high degree" of autonomy per the "one country, two systems" model under the central government of China. Although the territory is not part of mainland China, it is officially considered an integral part of the People's Republic of China. HK or

CN-HK

 Macao Former Portuguese colony. Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China since 1999 according to the Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration, an international treaty registered with the United Nations. The Macao Basic Law provides for the territory to enjoy a high degree of autonomy per the "one country, two systems" model under the central government of China. Although the territory is not part of mainland China, it is officially considered an integral part of the People's Republic of China. MO or

CN-MO

Denmark

The Kingdom of Denmark contains two autonomous territories with their own governments and legislatures, and input into foreign affairs.

Autonomous territory Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Faroe Islands Autonomous since 1948. A constituent part of the Kingdom of Denmark, but not of the European Union FO
 Greenland Autonomous since 1979. A constituent part of the Kingdom of Denmark, but withdrew from the European Economic Community in 1985 GL

Finland

Finland has one autonomous region that is also subject to international treaties.

Autonomous region Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Åland Åland is governed according to the Act on the Autonomy of Åland and international treaties. These laws guarantee the islands' autonomy in Finland, which has ultimate sovereignty over them, as well as a demilitarised status. AX or

FI-01

France

France has overseas six autonomous collectivities and two uninhabited territories (one of which includes an Antarctic claim). This does not include its "standard" overseas regions (which are also overseas departments) of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Réunion. Although also located overseas, they have the same status as the regions of metropolitan France. Nonetheless, all of France's overseas territory is considered an integral part of the French Republic.

Overseas collectivity Administration ISO 3166 country code
 French Polynesia Overseas collectivity since 2003; overseas country since 2004. Appears on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories PF or

FR-PF

 Saint Barthélemy Seceded from Guadeloupe to become an overseas collectivity in 2007 BL or

FR-BL

 Saint Martin Seceded from Guadeloupe to become an overseas collectivity in 2007. It is the only overseas collectivity that is fully part of the European Union. MF or

FR-MF

 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Territorial collectivity since 1985. Overseas collectivity since 2003 PM or

FR-PM

 Wallis and Futuna Overseas territory since 1961. Overseas collectivity since 2003 WF or

FR-WF

Sui generis collectivity Administration ISO 3166 country code
 New Caledonia "Sui generis" collectivity since 1998. Appears on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories NC or

FR-NC

Overseas state private property
(uninhabited)
Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Clipperton Island The island is administered under the direct authority of the French government by the French Minister of the Overseas. FR-CP
Overseas territory
(uninhabited)
Administration ISO 3166 country code
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands TAAF (Terres australes et antartiques françaises) is an overseas territory since 1955, administered from Paris by an Administrateur Supérieur. The territory includes the Antarctic claim of Adélie Land. TF or

FR-TF

Netherlands

The Kingdom of the Netherlands comprises three autonomous "constituent countries" in the Caribbean (listed below) and one constituent country, the Netherlands, with most of its area in Europe but also encompassing three overseas Caribbean municipalitiesBonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba (these three Caribbean municipalities are excluded here because they are directly administered by the Government of the Netherlands). All citizens of the Dutch Kingdom share the same nationality and are thus citizens of the European Union, but only the European portion of the Kingdom is a part of the territory of the Union, the Customs Union, and the Eurozone while other areas have overseas countries and territory status.

Constituent country Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Aruba Defined as a "country" ("land") within the Kingdom by the Statute of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Aruba obtained full autonomy in internal affairs upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986. Part of the Kingdom but not in Europe, its citizenship nonetheless includes status as citizens of the European Union (the Kingdom government coincides almost exactly with the Government of the Netherlands, and is responsible for defence, foreign affairs, and nationality law). AW or

NL-AW

 Curaçao Defined as a "country" ("land") within the Kingdom by the Statute of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Curaçao and Sint Maarten were part of the Netherlands Antilles until it was dissolved in October 2010. Part of the Kingdom but not in Europe, their citizenship nonetheless includes status as citizens of the European Union (the Kingdom government coincides almost exactly with the Government of the Netherlands, and is responsible for defence, foreign affairs, and nationality law). CW or

NL-CW

 Sint Maarten SX or

NL-SX

Norway

Norway has, in the Arctic, one inhabited archipelago with restrictions placed on Norwegian sovereignty — Svalbard. Unlike the country's dependent territory (Bouvet Island) and Antarctic claims (see above), Svalbard is a part of the Kingdom of Norway.

Territory Administration ISO 3166 country code
 Svalbard This Arctic archipelago is the northernmost permanent civilian settlement in the world. Not incorporated into any county, it is administered by a governor appointed by the Norwegian government. Since 2002, its main settlement of Longyearbyen has elected a local government. Other settlements include the Russian mining community of Barentsburg, the research station of Ny-Ålesund, and the mining outpost of Sveagruva. The Svalbard Treaty of 1920 recognises Norwegian sovereignty (administered since 1925 as a sovereign part of the Kingdom of Norway) but established Svalbard as a free economic zone and a demilitarised zone. SJ or
NO-21

Description

Bora Bora Island, French Polynesia
Diego Garcia Island, British Indian Ocean Territory

Three Crown Dependencies are in a form of association with the United Kingdom. They are independently administrated jurisdictions, although the British Government is solely responsible for defence and international representation and has ultimate responsibility for ensuring good government. They do not have diplomatic recognition as independent states, but neither are they integrated into the UK. The UK Parliament retains the ability to legislate for the crown dependencies even without the agreement of their legislatures. No crown dependency has representation in the UK Parliament.

Although they are British Overseas Territories, Bermuda and Gibraltar have similar relationships to the UK as do the Crown Dependencies. While Britain is officially responsible for their defence and international representation, these jurisdictions maintain their own militaries and have been granted limited diplomatic powers, in addition to having internal self-government.

New Zealand and its dependencies share the same governor-general and constitute one monarchic realm. The Cook Islands and Niue are officially termed associated states.

Puerto Rico (since 1952) and the Northern Mariana Islands (since 1986) are non-independent states freely associated with the United States. The mutually negotiated Covenant to Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) in Political Union with the United States was approved in 1976. The covenant was fully implemented on November 3, 1986, under Presidential Proclamation no. 5564, which conferred U.S. citizenship on legally qualified CNMI residents. Under the Constitution of Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico is described as a Commonwealth and Puerto Ricans have a degree of administrative autonomy similar to that of a citizen of a U.S. state. Puerto Ricans "were collectively made U.S. citizens" in 1917, as a result of the Jones–Shafroth Act. The commonly used name in Spanish of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, literally "Associated Free State of Puerto Rico", which sounds similar to "free association" particularly when loosely used in Spanish, is sometimes erroneously interpreted to mean that Puerto Rico's relationship with the United States is based on a Compact of Free Association and at other times is erroneously held to mean that Puerto Rico's relationship with the U.S. is based on an Interstate compact. This is a constant source of ambiguity and confusion when trying to define, understand, and explain Puerto Rico's political relationship with the United States. For various reasons Puerto Rico's political status differs from that of the Pacific Islands that entered into Compacts of Free Association with the United States. As sovereign states, these islands have the full right to conduct their foreign relations, while the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico has territorial status subject to U.S. congressional authority under the Constitution's Territory Clause, "to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory… belonging to the United States." Puerto Rico does not have the right to unilaterally declare independence, and at the last referendum (1998), the narrow majority voted for "none of the above", which was a formally undefined alternative used by commonwealth supporters to express their desire for an "enhanced commonwealth" option.

This kind of relationship can also be found in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which is termed a federacy. The European continental part is organised like a unitary state. However, the status of its "constituent countries" in the Caribbean (Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten) can be considered akin to dependencies or "associated non-independent states."

The Kingdom of Denmark also operates similarly, akin to another federacy. The Faroe Islands and Greenland are two self-governing territories or regions within the Kingdom. The relationship between Denmark proper and these two territories is semi-officially termed the Rigsfællesskabet ("Unity of the Realm").

Overview of inhabited dependent territories

Name Population (2016) Area (km2) Area (mi2) UN region UN subregion Sovereign state Legal status
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia 15,700 254 98 Asia Western Asia  United Kingdom Overseas territory
(Sovereign Base Areas)
 Åland 29,013 1,580 610 Europe Northern Europe  Finland Autonomous region
 American Samoa 54,194 199 77 Oceania Polynesia  United States Unincorporated unorganized territory
 Anguilla 15,100 91 35 Americas Caribbean  United Kingdom Overseas territory
 Aruba 113,648 178.91 69.08 Americas Caribbean  Netherlands Constituent country
 Bermuda 70,537 53.2 20.5 Americas Northern America  United Kingdom Overseas territory
 British Virgin Islands 34,232 153 59 Americas Caribbean  United Kingdom Overseas territory
 Cayman Islands 57,268 264 101.9 Americas Caribbean  United Kingdom Overseas territory
 Christmas Island 2,205 135 52 Oceania Australia and New Zealand  Australia External territory
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands 596 14 5.4 Oceania Australia and New Zealand  Australia External territory
 Cook Islands 18,100 240 93 Oceania Polynesia  New Zealand Associated state
 Curaçao 158,986 444 171 Americas Caribbean  Netherlands Constituent country
 Falkland Islands 2,931 12,173 4,700 Americas South America  United Kingdom Overseas territory
 Faroe Islands 49,188 4,167 540 Europe Northern Europe  Denmark Autonomous territory
 French Polynesia 285,735 1,399 1,609 Oceania Polynesia  France Overseas collectivity
(Overseas country)
 Gibraltar 29,328 6.5 2.5 Europe Southern Europe  United Kingdom Overseas territory
 Greenland 56,483 2,166,086 836,330 Americas Northern America  Denmark Autonomous territory
 Guam 162,742 544 210 Oceania Micronesia  United States Unincorporated organized territory
 Guernsey 63,026 65 25 Europe Northern Europe  United Kingdom Crown Dependency
 Hong Kong 7,374,000 2,755 1,064 Asia Eastern Asia  China Special administrative region
 Isle of Man 88,195 572 221 Europe Northern Europe  United Kingdom Crown Dependency
 Jersey 98,069 118.2 45.6 Europe Northern Europe  United Kingdom Crown Dependency
 Macao 650,900 115.3 44.5 Asia Eastern Asia  China Special administrative region
 Montserrat 5,267 101 39 Americas Caribbean  United Kingdom Overseas territory
 New Caledonia 275,355 18,576 7,172 Oceania Melanesia  France Sui generis collectivity
 Niue 1,190 261.46 100.95 Oceania Polynesia  New Zealand Associated state
 Norfolk Island 2,210 34.6 13.4 Oceania Australia and New Zealand  Australia External territory
 Northern Mariana Islands 53,467 464 179 Oceania Micronesia  United States Unincorporated organized territory
(Commonwealth)
 Pitcairn Islands 57 43 17 Oceania Polynesia  United Kingdom Overseas territory
 Puerto Rico 3,411,307 9,104 3,515 Americas Caribbean  United States Unincorporated organized territory
(Commonwealth)
 Saint Barthélemy 7,209 25 9.7 Americas Caribbean  France Overseas collectivity
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 5,633 394 152 Africa Western Africa  United Kingdom Overseas territory
 Saint Martin 31,949 53.2 20.5 Americas Caribbean  France Overseas collectivity
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 5,595 242 93 Americas Northern America  France Overseas collectivity
 Sint Maarten 41,486 37 14 Americas Caribbean  Netherlands Constituent country
 Svalbard 2,667 61,022 23,561 Europe Northern Europe  Norway Unincorporated area
 Tokelau 1,499 10 3.9 Oceania Polynesia  New Zealand Dependent territory
 Turks and Caicos Islands 51,430 430 166 Americas Caribbean  United Kingdom Overseas territory
 U.S. Virgin Islands 102,951 346.36 133.73 Americas Caribbean  United States Unincorporated organized territory
 Wallis and Futuna 15,664 142 55 Oceania Polynesia  France Overseas collectivity

See also


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