Distal radioulnar articulation

Distal radioulnar articulation
Gray334.png
Ligaments of wrist. Anterior view.
Gray336.png
Vertical section through the articulations at the wrist, showing the synovial cavities
Details
SynonymsDistal radioulnar joint (DRUJ)
Identifiers
LatinArticulatio radioulnaris distalis
TA98A03.5.10.001
TA21781
FMA35290
Anatomical terminology

The distal radioulnar articulation (also known as the distal radioulnar joint, or inferior radioulnar joint) is a synovial pivot joint between the two bones in the forearm; the radius and ulna. It is one of two joints between the radius and ulna, the other being the proximal radioulnar articulation. The joint features an articular disc, and is reinforced by the palmar and dorsal radioulnar ligaments.

Structure

The distal radioulnar articulation is formed by the head of ulna, and the ulnar notch of the distal radius.

Articular disc

The joint features a triangular articular disc that is attached to the inferior margin of the ulnar notch by its base, and to a fossa at the base of the styloid process of the ulna by its apex. The articular disc acts to firmly bind the distal extremities of the two bones together.

Ligaments

The articulation is reinforced by the palmar radioulnar ligament, and dorsal radioulnar ligament.

Function

The function of the radioulnar joint is to lift and maneuver weight load from the distal radioulnar joint to be distributed across the forearm’s radius and ulna as a load-bearing joint. Supination of the radioulnar joint can move from 0 degrees neutral to approximately 80-90 degrees where pronation of the radioulnar joint can move from 0 degrees neutral to approximately 70-90 degrees. Supination (palms facing up) vs. pronation (palms facing down). Muscles that contribute to function are all supinator (biceps brachii, brachioradialis, and supinator) and pronator muscles (brachioradialis, pronator quadratus, and pronator peres).

Clinical significance

Injuries to the distal radioulnar articulation often result from falls onto an outstretched hand. Injury can occur with concurrent fracture of the distal radius, the ulna, or can be isolated. For the upper limit of the distal radioulnar distance, sources vary between 2 mm and 5 mm. A classification system has been proposed by Estaminet and colleagues.

Estaminet Classification

Estaminet classified injuries of the distal radioulnar articulation into four categories with two subclasses: purely ligamentous (subclass A) and those with associated boney injury (subclass B).

  • Estaminet I - Attenuation on MRI only
  • Estaminet II - Volar distal radioulnar ligament is involved. Unstable in supination. Fixation should be in pronation.
  • Estaminet III - Dorsal distal radioulnar ligament is involved. Unstable in pronation. Fixation should be in supination.
  • Estaminet IV - Both ligaments are involved. Unstable in both supination and pronation. Fixation is in neutral.

Additional images

See also


This page was last updated at 2023-04-01 09:26 UTC. Update now. View original page.

All our content comes from Wikipedia and under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.


Top

If mathematical, chemical, physical and other formulas are not displayed correctly on this page, please useFirefox or Safari