Aydınids (Redirected from Emirate of Aydin)

Beylik of Aydin
Aydınoğulları
1308–1426
Flag of Aydinids
Flag
Beylik of Aydın 1315-1375.png
Beylik of Aydın's Map during its peak (1315-1375) highlighting:
 Borders under Gazi Mehmed Bey
 Borders after conquests under Umur Bey the Lion
 Byzantine Empire territories
 Other Western Anatolian Beyliks
Black "X" showing Umur Bey's aids
Red "X" showing Umur Bey's raids
CapitalBirgi, Selçuk
Common languagesTurkish
Religion Islam
GovernmentBeylik
History 
• Collapse of the Sultanate of Rum
1308
• Annexation by the Ottoman Empire
1426
Preceded by Succeeded by
Sultanate of Rum
Ottoman Empire
Today part ofTurkey
İsa Bey Mosque in Selçuk, built by the Aydinids in 1375

The Aydinids or Aydinid dynasty (Modern Turkish: Aydınoğulları, Aydınoğulları Beyliği), also known as the Principality of Aydin and Beylik of Aydin (Aydın Beyliği), was one of the Anatolian beyliks and famous for its seaborne raiding.

Name

It is named after its founder Aydın Mehmed Bey.

Capital

Its capital was at first in Birgi, and later in Ayasoluk (present day Selçuk), was one of the frontier principalities established in the 14th century by Oghuz Turks after the decline of Sultanate of Rûm.

History

The Aydinids also held parts of the port of Smyrna (modern İzmir) all through their rule and all of the port city with intervals. Especially during the reign of Umur Bey, the sons of Aydın were a significant naval power of the time. The naval power of Aydin played a crucial role in the Byzantine civil war of 1341–1347, where Umur allied with John VI Kantakouzenos, but also provoked a Latin response in the form of the Smyrniote crusades, that captured Smyrna from the beylik.

The Beylik was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire for the first time in 1390, and after the passage of Tamerlane in Anatolia in 1402 and the ensuing period of troubles that lasted until 1425, its territories became again part of the Ottoman realm, this time definitively.

Architecture

The Beys of Aydin left important architectural works, principally in Birgi and Ayasoluk (Selçuk), their capital cities.

Legacy

The city of Aydın (ancient Tralles) was named after the dynasty.

List of rulers

  1. Muharizalsîn Gazi Mehmed Bey (1308–1334)
  2. Umur Bey (1334–1348)
  3. Khidr b. Mehmed (1348–1360)
  4. Isa b. Mehmed (1360–1390)
  • Ottoman rule (1390–1402)
  1. İsaoğlu Musa Bey (1402–1403)
  2. Musaoğlu II. Umur Bey (1403–1405)
  3. İzmiroğlu Cüneyd Bey (1405–1426)

See also

Coordinates: 38°05′21″N 27°44′16″E / 38.08917°N 27.73778°E / 38.08917; 27.73778


This page was last updated at 2022-07-31 08:17 UTC. Update now. View original page.

All our content comes from Wikipedia and under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.


Top

If mathematical, chemical, physical and other formulas are not displayed correctly on this page, please useFirefox or Safari