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Eupterodactyloidea

Eupterodactyloids
Temporal range: Late Jurassic-Late Cretaceous, 152–66 Ma
Pteranodon longiceps mmartyniuk wiki.png
Life restoration of the pteranodontian Pteranodon longiceps
Aerotitan.jpg
Restoration of Aerotitan sudamericanus depicted as an azhdarchid
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Order: Pterosauria
Suborder: Pterodactyloidea
Infraorder: Eupterodactyloidea
Bennett, 1994
Subgroups

Eupterodactyloidea (meaning "true Pterodactyloidea") is an extinct group of pterodactyloid pterosaurs that existed from the latest Late Jurassic to the latest Late Cretaceous periods (Tithonian to Maastrichtian stages). Eupterodactyloids lived on all continents except Antarctica.

Classification

Eupterodactyloidea was named by S. Christopher Bennett in 1994 as an infraorder of the suborder Pterodactyloidea. Bennett defined it as an apomorphy-based clade. However, in 2010, Brian Andres re-defined the group as a stem-based taxon in his dissertation, and then formalized the definition in 2014 as all pterosaurs more closely related to Pteranodon longiceps than to Pterodactylus antiquus. The slightly more exclusive group Ornithocheiroidea was re-defined in 2003 by Alexander Kellner. He defined it as the least inclusive clade containing Anhanguera blittersdorffi, Pteranodon longiceps, Dsungaripterus weii, and Quetzalcoatlus northropi. Ornithocheiroidea has often been used for a much more exclusive group including only the branch of traditional ornithocheirid pterosaurs, though this use has since fallen out of favor by many researchers after years of competing definitions for the various pterodactyloid clades. The compromise definitions by Andres and others have since become more widely adopted.

Below is a cladogram showing the results of a phylogenetic analysis first presented by Andres et al. in 2014, and updated by Longrich, Martill, and Andres in 2018. Andres and colleagues followed this definition, and also used a branch-based definition for Eupterodactyloidea, making them very similar in content.

Eupterodactyloidea

Haopterus gracilis

Ornithocheiroidea

Piksi barbarulna

Pteranodontoidea
Pteranodontia
Pteranodontidae

Tethydraco regalis

Pteranodon longicepsPteranodon longiceps mmartyniuk wiki.png

Pteranodon sternbergi

Nyctosauridae

Alamodactylus byrdi

Volgadraco bogolubovi

Cretornis hlavaci

Alcione elainus

Simurghia robusta

Muzquizopteryx coahuilensis

Barbaridactylus grandis

Nyctosaurus lamegoi

Nyctosaurus nanus

Nyctosaurus gracilisNyctosaurus DB.jpg

Ornithocheiromorpha

Hongshanopterus lacustris

Lonchodectidae

Lonchodraco giganteus

Lonchodectes compressirostris

Boreopteridae

Boreopterus cuiae

Zhenyuanopterus longirostris

Lanceodontia
Istiodactylidae

Nurhachius ignaciobritoi

Liaoxipterus brachyognathus

Istiodactylus sinensis

Istiodactylus latidens

Aetodactylus halli

Cimoliopterus dunni

Cimoliopterus cuvieri

Anhangueria

Guidraco

LudodactylusLudodactylus.jpg

Cearadactylus

Brasileodactylus

Ornithocheirae

AnhangueridaeLiaoningopterusDB flipped.jpg

Ornithocheiridae

Azhdarchoidea
Tapejaromorpha

Bennettazhia oregonensis

Tapejaridae
Tapejarinae

Tapejara wellnhoferi

Europejara olcadesorum

Vectidraco daisymorrisae

Caiuajara dobruskii

Tupandactylus navigans

Tupandactylus imperatorTapimpDB.jpg

Bakonydraco galacziBakonydraco as tapejarid DB.jpg

"Huaxiapterus" benxiensis

"Huaxiapterus" corollatus

Eopteranodon lii

Huaxiapterus jii

Sinopterus dongi

Neoazhdarchia
Dsungaripteromorpha
Dsungaripteridae
Dsungaripterinae

Dsungaripterus weii

Domeykodactylus ceciliaeDomeykodactylus.jpg

Noripterinae

Noripterus parvus

Noripterus complicidens

Thalassodromidae

Tupuxuara longicristatusTupux longDB2.jpg

Tupuxuara leonardii

Thalassodromeus sethi

Alanqa saharica

Aerotitan sudamericanusAerotitan.jpg

Neopterodactyloidea
Chaoyangopteridae

Microtuban altivolans

Chaoyangopterinae

Shenzhoupterus

Chaoyangopterus

Jidapterus

Eoazhdarcho liaoxiensis

Radiodactylus langstoni

Azhdarchidae

Montanazhdarcho minor

Azhdarcho lancicollis

Phosphatodraco mauritanicusPhosphatodraco.jpg

Aralazhdarcho bostobensis

Eurazhdarcho langendorfensis

aff. Quetzalcoatlus

Zhejiangopterus linhaiensis

Arambourgiania philadelphiae

Hatzegopteryx thambema

Quetzalcoatlus spp.Quetzalcoatlus07.jpg


This page was last updated at 2022-09-19 23:59 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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