Extensor digitorum brevis muscle

Extensor digitorum brevis muscle
The mucous sheaths of the tendons around the ankle. Lateral aspect. (Extensor dig. brevis labeled at upper right.)
Animation
Details
OriginDorsal surface of calcaneus
InsertionProximal dorsal region of middle phalanges 2, 3 and 4
ArteryDorsalis pedis artery
NerveDeep fibular nerve
ActionsExtends digits 2 through 4
AntagonistFlexor digitorum longus, Flexor digitorum brevis
Identifiers
LatinMusculus extensor digitorum brevis
TA98A04.7.02.055
TA22671
FMA51140
Anatomical terms of muscle

The extensor digitorum brevis muscle (sometimes EDB) is a muscle on the upper surface of the foot that helps extend digits 2 through 4.

Structure

The muscle originates from the forepart of the upper and lateral surface of the calcaneus (in front of the groove for the peroneus brevis tendon), from the interosseous talocalcaneal ligament and the stem of the inferior extensor retinaculum. The fibres pass obliquely forwards and medially across the dorsum of the foot and end in four tendons. The medial part of the muscle, also known as extensor hallucis brevis, ends in a tendon which crosses the dorsalis pedis artery and inserts into the dorsal surface of the base of the proximal phalanx of the great toe. The other three tendons insert into the lateral sides of the tendons of extensor digitorum longus for the second, third and fourth toes.

Nerve supply

Nerve supply: lateral terminal branch of Deep Peroneal Nerve (deep fibular nerve) (proximal sciatic branches L4-L5, but most clinically relevant L5 with L4/L5 spinal disc herniation causing L5 lesion). Same innervation of Extensor Hallucis Brevis

Function

Extensor digitorum brevis extends the first four digits at the metatarsophalangeal joint and assists in extending the second, third and fourth digits at the interphalangeal joint. The fifth digit, lacking any insertion from extensor digitorum brevis, can only be raised by the long extensor.

Additional images

See also

External links


This page was last updated at 2024-01-26 06:19 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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