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First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba

First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
Primer Secretario del Comité Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba
Miguel Díaz-Canel (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Miguel Díaz-Canel

since 19 April 2021
Central Committee
StyleComrade (formal)
TypeParty leader
Supreme leader
Member ofCentral Committee, Politburo, Secretariat
SeatPalace of the Revolution
Havana, Cuba
AppointerCentral Committee
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
Constituting instrumentStatute of the Communist Party of Cuba
Formation3 October 1965; 56 years ago (1965-10-03)
First holderFidel Castro
DeputySecond Secretary

The First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba (Spanish: Primer Secretario del Comité Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba) is the de facto leader of Cuba. The First Secretary is the highest office within the Communist Party of Cuba as well as ranking first in the Politburo, the highest decision-making body in Cuba, which makes the office holder the most powerful person in the Cuban government. In communist states the First or General Secretary of the Communist Party is typically the de facto leader of the country and a more powerful position than state offices such as President (head of state) or Prime Minister (head of government), when those positions are held by different individuals. From 1961 until 2011, the position of First Secretary was held by Fidel Castro, who was Prime Minister of Cuba and, until 2008, President of the Council of State. Miguel Díaz-Canel, who has been President of Cuba since 2019, was elected First Secretary of the Communist Party on 19 April 2021, succeeding Raúl Castro, who was First Secretary from 2011 until 2021. The post was named in imitation of the title of First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, which was used by Nikita Khrushchev and, briefly, Leonid Brezhnev.

Officeholders

Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term Second Secretary
Took office Left office Duration
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
(1925–1939)
José Miguel Pérez
José Miguel Pérez
(1896–1936)
20 August 192519250 years
José Peña Vilaboa
José Peña Vilaboa
(1891–1927)
192519260–1 years
Jorge Vivo
Jorge Vivo
(1890–1950)
1927August 19335–6 years
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
(1925–1939)
Blas Roca Calderio
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
December 193319395–6 years
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Revolutionary Communist Union
(1939–1944)
Blas Roca Calderio
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
193919444–5 years
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Popular Socialist Party
(1944–1961)
Blas Roca Calderio
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
194424 June 196116–17 years
First Secretary of the Integrated Revolutionary Organizations
(1961–1962)
Fidel Castro
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
July 196126 March 19628 monthsRaúl Castro
(1961 – 1962)
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the United Party for the Socialist Revolution of Cuba
(1962–1965)
Fidel Castro
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
26 March 19623 October 19653 years, 191 daysRaúl Castro
(1962 – 1965)
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
(1965–present)
Fidel Castro
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
3 October 196519 April 201145 years, 198 daysRaúl Castro
(1965 – 2011)
Raúl Castro
Raúl Castro
(born 1931)
19 April 201119 April 202110 years, 0 daysJosé Ramón Machado Ventura
(2011 – 2021)
Miguel Díaz-Canel
Miguel Díaz-Canel
(born 1960)
19 April 2021Incumbent1 year, 50 daysJosé Ramón Machado Ventura
(since 2021)

See also

This page was last updated at 2022-06-10 13:37 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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