Detailed Pedia

Foreign relations of Malta

Countries with which Malta maintains diplomatic relations with

After independence in 1964, Malta followed a policy of close co-operation with NATO countries. Since 1971, the country sought relations with the rest of the world, including communist countries in Eastern Europe and the non-aligned countries.

After substantially increased financial contributions from several NATO countries (including the United States), the Royal Navy remained in the Malta Dockyard until 1979. Following their departure, Malta charted a new course of neutrality and became an active member of the Non-Aligned Movement. Malta is an active participant in the United Nations, the Commonwealth, the Council of Europe, OSCE, and various other international organisations. In these forums, Malta has frequently expressed its concern for the peace and economic development of the Mediterranean region.

On May 1, 2004, Malta withdrew from the Non-Aligned Movement and became a full member of the European Union, with which it had an association agreement since 1971. It was one of ten new members which joined on that date. The Ministry for Foreign Affairs, at Palazzo Parisio, oversees the direction of Maltese foreign policy. The country has close relations with most sovereign countries, with an emphasis on increased trade and foreign direct investment.

Bilateral relations

List of countries which Malta has diplomatic relations with:
# Country Date
1  United Kingdom 21 September 1964
2  United States 21 September 1964
3  Australia 21 September 1964
4  France 21 September 1964
5  Italy 21 September 1964
6  Germany 4 December 1964
7  Canada 21 December 1964
8  India 10 March 1965
9  South Korea 30 April 1965
10  Libya 15 June 1965
11  Belgium June 1965
12  Japan 15 July 1965
13  Netherlands 6 October 1965
14  Egypt 2 November 1965
  Holy See 15 December 1965
15  Israel December 1965
16  Pakistan January 1966
17   Switzerland 25 March 1966
18  Greece 30 April 1966
 Sovereign Military Order of Malta 27 June 1966
19  Austria 9 November 1966
20  Russia 26 July 1967
21  Turkey 10 October 1967
22  Tunisia 21 December 1967
23  Serbia 4 June 1968
24  Romania 7 June 1968
25  Spain 7 June 1968
26  Portugal November 1968
27  Norway 7 February 1969
28  Finland 21 February 1969
29  Denmark 26 March 1969
30  Luxembourg 3 June 1969
31  Sweden June 1969
32  Syria 1970
33  Hungary 1970
34  Bulgaria 10 September 1971
35  Poland 23 October 1971
36  North Korea 20 December 1971
37  China 31 January 1972
38  Iraq 29 February 1972
39  Iran 11 May 1972
40  Cyprus 13 September 1972
41  Kuwait 3 October 1972
42  Zambia 17 October 1972
43  Albania 5 March 1973
44  New Zealand 17 October 1973
45  United Arab Emirates 20 November 1973
46  Sudan 27 November 1973
47  Vietnam 14 January 1974
48  Ghana 27 February 1974
49  Eswatini 22 March 1974
50  Nigeria 24 May 1974
51  Jordan 4 June 1974
52  Bahrain 4 November 1974
53  Oman 4 November 1974
54  Morocco 19 December 1974
55  Algeria 22 January 1975
56  Argentina 29 May 1975
57  Qatar 18 June 1975
58  Brazil 23 June 1975
59  Lebanon 1 July 1975
60  Saudi Arabia 1 September 1975
61  Malaysia 8 October 1975
62  Uruguay 13 October 1975
63  Mexico 29 October 1975
64  Panama 19 January 1976
65  Guyana 12 March 1976
66  Gambia 21 October 1976
67  Senegal 3 November 1976
68  Yemen 24 February 1977
69  Cuba 11 April 1977
70  Peru 28 April 1977
71  Philippines 9 June 1977
72  Venezuela 17 September 1977
73  Mongolia 8 August 1979
74  Nicaragua August 1979
75  Indonesia 1 December 1979
76  Bangladesh 20 December 1979
 State of Palestine 1979
77  Ecuador 1 January 1980
78  Guinea 30 March 1980
79  Mali 1 December 1980
80  Costa Rica 1980
81  Mauritania 1980
82  Ethiopia 30 November 1982
83    Nepal 25 September 1983
84  Maldives 5 March 1985
85  Thailand 22 May 1985
86  Colombia 31 March 1986
87  Brunei 15 August 1986
88  Bolivia 7 July 1987
89  Singapore 16 May 1988
90  Seychelles 11 April 1989
91  Chile 11 December 1989
92  Ireland 13 June 1990
93  Estonia 1 January 1992
94  Latvia 1 January 1992
95  Ukraine 5 March 1992
96  Slovenia 29 June 1992
97  Croatia 30 June 1992
98  Czech Republic 1 January 1993
99  Slovakia 1 January 1993
100  Kazakhstan 4 February 1993
101  South Africa 10 February 1993
102  Belarus 16 February 1993
103  Kyrgyzstan 19 February 1993
104  Turkmenistan 25 February 1993
105  Uzbekistan 25 February 1993
106  Georgia 26 February 1993
107  Armenia 7 June 1993
108  Lithuania 7 February 1994
109  Marshall Islands 8 February 1994
110  Azerbaijan 9 January 1995
111  San Marino 17 July 1995
112  Andorra 25 July 1995
113  Bosnia and Herzegovina 14 October 1995
114  Guatemala 11 December 1995
115  Moldova 3 July 1996
116  Iceland 3 July 1998
117  Sri Lanka 27 January 2000
118  Monaco 11 April 2001
119  Sierra Leone 16 October 2001
120  Liechtenstein 12 May 2003
121  Timor Leste 20 May 2003
122  Honduras 8 June 2004
123  El Salvador 9 June 2004
124  Paraguay 8 July 2004
125  Uganda 21 July 2004
126  Samoa 22 July 2004
127  Antigua and Barbuda 23 July 2004
128  Bahamas 20 September 2004
129  Vanuatu 29 September 2004
130  Belize 1 October 2004
131  Jamaica 27 October 2004
132  Kenya 5 November 2004
133  Namibia 9 December 2004
134  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 10 December 2004
135  Botswana 6 January 2005
136  Cambodia 13 January 2005
137  Dominica 11 February 2005
138  Mauritius 19 May 2005
139  Barbados 21 October 2005
140  Saint Kitts and Nevis 25 November 2005
141  Tuvalu 20 January 2006
142  Cameroon 27 January 2006
143  Lesotho 11 April 2006
144  Montenegro 19 July 2006
145  Tonga 3 May 2007
146  Tajikistan 25 September 2007
147  Afghanistan 8 February 2008
148  Burkina Faso 8 February 2008
149  Togo 16 May 2008
150  Liberia 20 May 2008
151  Nauru 19 November 2008
152  Niger 11 December 2008
153  Eritrea 18 December 2008
154  Benin 25 March 2009
155  Mozambique 18 May 2009
156  Trinidad and Tobago 24 September 2009
157  Saint Lucia 11 March 2010
158  Angola 15 June 2010
159  Solomon Islands 23 December 2010
160  Laos 13 January 2011
161  Republic of Congo 14 February 2011
162  Grenada 26 May 2011
163  Malawi 21 July 2011
 Kosovo 23 September 2011
164  Somalia 11 June 2014
165  Fiji 11 December 2014
166  Burundi 12 January 2015
167  Tanzania 11 June 2015
168  Cote d'Ivoire 6 November 2015
169  Cape Verde 17 March 2016
170  North Macedonia 25 January 2017
171  Dominican Republic 23 February 2017
172  Myanmar 5 April 2017
173  Papua New Guinea 6 October 2017
 Cook Islands 6 October 2017
174  Djibouti 26 June 2018
175  Rwanda 12 July 2018
176  Palau 17 July 2018
177  Sao Tome and Principe 24 September 2018
178  Federated States of Micronesia 25 September 2018
179  Madagascar 22 September 2021
180  Kiribati 21 September 2021

Africa

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Egypt 4 November 1965
 Gambia 21 October 1976

Both countries have a Memorandum on Migration Matters.

 Ghana 27 February 1974
  • Ghana has a high commission in Valletta.
  • Malta has a high commission in Accra.
 Lesotho 11 April 2006
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on April 11, 2006.
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
 Libya 15 June 1965 see Libya–Malta relations
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations soon after Malta's independence.
  • Libya has an embassy in Balzan.
  • Malta has an embassy in Tripoli.

Malta has enjoyed cordial relations with Libya ever since its Independence. In 1984, a Treaty of Friendship and Co-operation was signed with Gaddafi's regime by Dom Mintoff. This treaty included a security protocol in which Libyan forces agreed to train and arm their Maltese counterparts. Libya supplied Malta with refined crude oil starting in 1975. Libyan nationals did not require visas to enter Malta until 2004.

 Tunisia 20 December 1967
  • Both countries established official diplomatic relations soon after Malta's independence.
  • Malta has an embassy in Tunis.
  • Tunisia has an embassy in Valletta.
  • Both countries are full members of the Union for the Mediterranean.
  • Tunisian Foreign Affairs Ministry about relations with Malta
  • Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration
  • Maltese and Tunisian Arabic are very similar languages. The two countries share very rich historical links.
 Uganda 21 July 2004
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on July 21, 2004.
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.

Americas

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Argentina 28 May 1975
  • Argentina is accredited to Malta from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • Malta is accredited to Argentina from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Valletta and maintains an honorary consulate in Buenos Aires.
 Brazil 23 June 1975
  • Brazil is accredited to Malta from its embassy in Rome, Italy and maintains an honorary consulate in Valletta.
  • Malta has an embassy in Brasília.
 Canada 21 December 1964
 Chile 11 December 1989

In July 2017, Maltese President Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca paid an official visit to Chile.

  • Chile is accredited to Malta from its embassy in Rome, Italy and maintains an honorary consulate in Valletta.
  • Malta is accredited to Chile from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Valletta.
 Guyana 12 March 1976
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on March 12, 1976.
  • Both countries are full members of Commonwealth of Nations
 Mexico 29 October 1975
  • Mexico is accredited to Malta from its embassy in Rome, Italy and maintains an honorary consulate in Valletta.
  • Malta is accredited to Mexico from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Valletta.
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 10 December 2004
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on December 10, 2004.
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
 Trinidad and Tobago 24 September 2009
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on September 24, 2009.
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
 United States 21 September 1964 See Malta–United States relations

Malta and the United States established full diplomatic relations upon Malta's independence in 1964; overall relations are currently active and cordial. The United States has been sympathetic to Malta's campaign to attract private investment, and some firms operating in Malta have U.S. ownership or investment. These include major hotels, manufacturing and repair facilities, and some offices servicing local and regional operations.

Asia

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Armenia 7 June 1993
  • Armenia is represented in Malta through its embassy in Rome.
  • Malta is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Warsaw, Poland and has an honorary consulate in Yerevan.
 China 31 January 1972 see China–Malta relations
 Georgia 26 February 1993
 India 10 March 1965 see India–Malta relations
  • Malta opened a high commission in New Delhi in 2007.
  • India opened a high commission in Malta at St Venera in early 2018.
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
 Israel December 1965
  • Malta has an embassy in Tel Aviv.
  • Both countries are full members of the Union for the Mediterranean.
  • See also Maltese Jews.
  • In December 2015, Israel singled Malta and five other EU countries for sanctions because they supported a decision that goods made in Jewish communities in the West Bank and the Golan Heights should be specially marked.
 Kyrgyzstan 19 February 1993
 Pakistan January 1966
  • Malta is represented in Pakistan through its embassy in Beijing (China) and an honorary consulate in Karachi. Pakistan is represented in Malta through its embassy in Tripoli (Libya) and an honorary consulate in Marsa.
  • In 2007, in a meeting in Malta between Pakistani Foreign Minister Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri and Foreign Minister of Malta Michael Frendo, the two countries agreed to continue the ongoing cooperation between the two countries in the United Nations and other international forums as well and reviewed bilateral ties with a view to strengthening relations between Pakistan and Malta in all spheres, especially trade and investment. Foreign Minister Kasuri emphasized the need for exchanging trade delegations to exploit true potential for enhancing economic cooperation between the two countries, which are the "gateways" to their respective regions. Dr. Michael Frendo agreed to send an expert delegation to Pakistan to seek opportunities for enhancing bilateral trade relations. Pakistan also sought Malta's support for Pakistan's initiative for equitable market access to the European Union through a Free Trade Agreement or similar mechanism. Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • In 2002 a Maltese citizen, who was born in Pakistan, was sentenced to seven years in prison in Malta. He was found guilty of kidnapping 11 Pakistani babies that were brought to Malta for adoption. In 2009 it was reported that a Pakistan-based human trafficking ring has set up a successful business in Malta, where Pakistanis seeking illegal entry into mainland Europe are being furnished with new travel documents and transported on to Italy and Spain. It was reported that sources within the Pakistani Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) said that the illegal migration of Pakistanis to Europe was being carried out through Malta, from where the migrants are being transported by ship to Sicily and onward to countries such as Italy and Spain.
 Saudi Arabia 1 September 1975
  • Malta has an embassy in Riyadh and an honorary consulate in Jeddah.
  • Saudi Arabia is represented through its embassy in Rome (Italy).
 South Korea April 2, 1965

The establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Korea and Malta began on April 2, 1965.

  • On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of diplomatic relations] in 2015 President Park Geun-hye exchanged celebratory messages with Maltese President Marie Louise Coleiro Preca
  • Bilateral Trade in 2014
    • Exports 1,014,000,000 US dollars
    • Imports 514,000,000 US dollars
  • Bilateral Investments(2014):
    • South Korea's investment in Malta was 31,490,000 US dollars
    • Malta's investment in South Korea was 5,883,000,000 US dollars
 Tajikistan 25 September 2007
 Turkey 10 October 1967 See Malta–Turkey relations

Europe

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Austria 9 November 1966
 Belarus 16 February 1993
  • Belarus is represented in Malta through its embassy in Rome (Italy).
  • Malta is represented in Belarus through its embassy in Moscow (Russia).
 Belgium June 1965
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations soon after Malta's independence.
  • Belgium has an honorary consulate in Valletta.
  • Malta has an embassy in Brussels and an honorary consulate in Antwerp.
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
 Bulgaria 11 September 1971
  • Bulgaria is represented in Malta through its embassy in Rome (Italy).
  • Malta has 2 honorary consulates in Bulgaria (in Sofia and Varna).
  • Malta joined the European Union as a full member on May 1, 2004, while Bulgaria joined on January 1, 2007.
 Croatia 30 June 1992
 Cyprus 13 September 1972 See Cyprus–Malta relations
 Czech Republic 10 July 1968 and 1 January 1993
  • The Czech Republic is represented in Malta through its embassy in Rome, (Italy) and through an honorary consulate in Valletta.
  • Malta is represented in the Czech Republic through a non-resident ambassador based in the Foreign Ministry at Valletta.
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
 Denmark 26 March 1969
  • Denmark is represented in Malta through its embassy in Rome (Italy) and through an honorary general consulate in Valletta.
  • Malta has an embassy in Copenhagen and 3 honorary consulates (in Aarhus, Copenhagen and Odense).
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
 Estonia 1 January 1992
 Finland 21 February 1969 See Finland–Malta relations
 France 21 September 1964
 Germany 16 February 1965
 Greece 30 April 1966 See Greece–Malta relations
  • Greece has an embassy in Valletta.
  • Malta has an embassy in Athens.
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  Holy See 15 December 1965
  • The Holy See has a nunciature in Rabat.
  • Malta has an embassy to the Holy See located in Rome.
 Hungary 12 December 1970
  • Hungary is represented in Malta through its embassy in Rome, Italy and through an honorary consulate in Valletta.
  • Malta is represented in Hungary through its embassy in Vienna, Austria and through an honorary consulate in Budapest.
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
 Iceland 3 July 1998

Both countries established diplomatic relations on July 3, 1998.

 Ireland 13 June 1990
 Italy See Italy–Malta relations
 Kosovo 22 September 2011
 Lithuania 7 February 1994
 Moldova 3 July 1996
 Netherlands 1965 See Malta–Netherlands relations
 North Macedonia 25 January 2017

Both countries established diplomatic relations on January 25, 2017.

 Poland
  • Malta has an embassy in Warsaw.
  • Poland has an embassy in Valletta.
 Portugal November 1968 See Malta–Portugal relations
 Romania 7 June 1968
  • Malta has an honorary consulate in Bucharest.
  • Romania has a non-resident embassy for Malta in Rome (Italy) and an honorary consulate in Valletta.
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Malta joined the European Union as a full member on May 1, 2004, while Romania joined on January 1, 2007.
 Russia 26 July 1967 See Malta–Russia relations
 Serbia 4 June 1968 See Malta–Serbia relations
  • Malta is represented in Serbia through a non-resident ambassador based in Valletta (in the Foreign Ministry).
  • Serbia is represented in Malta through its embassy in Rome (Italy) and through an honorary consulate in Valletta.
  • Malta is an EU member and Serbia is an EU candidate.
 Slovakia 1 January 1993 See Malta–Slovakia relations
  • Malta is represented in Slovakia through a non-resident ambassador based in Valletta (in the Foreign Ministry).
  • Slovakia is represented in Malta through its embassy in Rome (Italy) and an honorary consulate in Valletta.
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • The foreign relations between Malta and Slovakia are not very intensive. Foreign policy of Malta is concentrated rather on cooperation with Algeria, Tunis, Libya and Egypt. There is, however, 41 years lasting cooperation between those two countries.
  • In 2001 Slovak prime minister Mikuláš Dzurinda visited Malta at the invitation of Maltese premier Edward Fenech Adami, and negotiated the integration of both countries into European Union and economic cooperation between Malta and Slovakia.
  • In 2008 Slovakian agency SARIA signed a treaty of reciprocal assistance related to third-world countries, with Malta Enterprise.
  • Slovak prime minister Robert Fico visited Maltese capital Valletta in 2008.
 Slovenia 29 June 1992
 Spain 10 October 1968 See Malta–Spain relations
 Sweden June 1969
  • Malta is represented in Sweden through its embassy in Copenhagen (Denmark) and through 2 honorary consulates (in Malmö and Sundsvall).
  • Sweden is represented in Malta through a non-resident ambassador (based in the Foreign Ministry in Stockholm) and through an honorary consulate in Valletta.
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
 Ukraine 5 March 1992 See Malta–Ukraine relations
  • The Maltese embassy in Moscow (Russia) is also accredited as a non-resident embassy to Ukraine.
  • Ukraine is represented in Malta through its embassy in Rome (Italy).
 United Kingdom 21 September 1964 See Malta – United Kingdom relations

In the 1950s and 1960s, serious consideration was given in both countries to the idea of a political union between the United Kingdom and Malta. However, this plan for "Integration with Britain" foundered, and Malta gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.

Oceania

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Australia 21 September 1964 see Australia–Malta relations

Both countries have full embassy level diplomatic relations since 1967. Australia has a High Commission in Valletta. Malta has a High Commission in Canberra, 2 Consulates-General (in Melbourne and Sydney), and 4 honorary consulates (in Adelaide, Ascot Vale, Melbourne and Perth).

Maltese president Eddie Fenech Adami embarked on a state visit to Australia in February 2009, where he met with Governor-General Quentin Bryce and Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd. During an official dinner in honour of the Maltese President, Kevin Rudd declared "Australia would not be as complete without Malta". In the same month, Maltese Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Affairs Minister Tonio Borg visited Australia for discussions with Australian foreign minister Stephen Smith, where the commercial relationship between the two countries were discussed, in particular the signing of a contract between a Perth-based shipbuilding company and the Maltese armed forces for the construction and delivery of four inshore patrol craft.

Malta and the Commonwealth of Nations

Malta has been a member state of the Commonwealth of Nations since 1964, when it became an independent Dominion under the name 'State of Malta'.

Malta became a republic in the Commonwealth of Nations on December 13, 1974, when the last Governor-General of Malta, Sir Anthony Mamo became the first President of Malta.

See also

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