Frederick Webb Hodge

Frederick Webb Hodge (October 28, 1864 – September 28, 1956) was an editor, anthropologist, archaeologist, and historian.

Early years

He was born in Plymouth, England to Edwin and Emily (Webb) Hodge. His parents moved to Washington, D.C., United States when Frederick was seven years old. In Washington, he attended Cambridge College (George Washington University).

He was awarded the honorary degree of Sc.D. by Pomona College in 1933, LL.D. by the University of New Mexico in 1934, and Litt.D. by the University of Southern California in 1943.


He was associated with Columbia University and the U.S. Geological Survey. During the Hemenway Southwestern Archaeological Expedition, he met and later married Margaret Magill, sister of Emily Tennison Magill Cushing, wife of the expeditionary leader, Frank Hamilton Cushing.[1]

He was the director of the Southwest Museum of the American Indian in Los Angeles. He served as executive officer at the Smithsonian Institution, chairman of the Committee of Editorial Management and the Committee dealing with the Linguistic Families North of Mexico. He was a member of the Committee on Archaeological Nomenclature, the Committee of Policy, the National Research Council, and the Laboratory of Anthropology, School of American Research, Journal of Physical Anthropology, and the Museum of the American Indian in New York City.[when?]

Hodge was employed by the Smithsonian Institution in 1901 as executive assistant in charge of International Exchanges, but transferred to the Bureau of American Ethnology in 1905, where he worked until February 28, 1918. Hodge was the editor for Edward S. Curtis's monumental series, The North American Indian.

After leaving the Bureau, he moved to New York City and became editor and assistant director at the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.

Thea (Mrs. George) Heye (second from left), Frederick Webb Hodge (1864-1956, MAI staff member, sixth from left) and George Gustav Heye (seventh from left) posed outdoors with Zuni Indians in front of a plastered adobe structure with vigas and rocks along roof line.

In 1915, accompanied by the museum’s director George Gustav Heye and staff member George H. Pepper, Hodge undertook excavations at the Nacoochee Mound near Helen, Georgia. Hodge then directed the excavations of the ruins of Hawikuh, near Zuni Pueblo, during the period 1917-23. He researched and reported on the interactions of these aborigines with the Spanish conquerors, travelers and priests since 1540.


  1. ^ Flint, Richard; Flint, Shirley Cushing. "Hodge, Frederick W." New Mexico Office of the State Historian. Archived from the original on 2011-04-25. Retrieved 19 January 2013.

Further reading

External links

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