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George Garzone

George Garzone
George Garzone.jpg
Garzone in 2007
Background information
Born (1950-09-23) September 23, 1950 (age 69)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
GenresJazz, free jazz
Occupation(s)Musician, educator
Years active1959–present
LabelsResolution, Northeastern, NYC
Associated actsThe Fringe, The Ayn Inserto Jazz Orchestra, Travelin' Hellhound

George Garzone (born September 23, 1950)[1] is a saxophonist and jazz educator from Boston, Massachusetts.


Garzone is a member of the Fringe, a jazz trio founded in 1972 that includes bassist John Lockwood and drummer Bob Gullotti. The group has released several albums. Garzone has appeared on over 20 recordings. He began on tenor saxophone when he was six, played in a family band, and attended music school in Boston. He toured Europe with Jamaaladeen Tacuma and performed with Jack DeJohnette, Joe Lovano, John Patitucci, Danilo Perez, Rachel Z, and Bob Weir and Ratdog.

Garzone is also a jazz educator, teaching at the Berklee College of Music, New England Conservatory, Longy School of Music, New York University, and the New School for Jazz and Contemporary Music. He pioneered the triadic chromatic approach. His students include Mindi Abair Branford Marsalis, Donny McCaslin, Danilo Pérez, Joshua Redman, Luciana Souza, and Mark Turner.

In 1995 he recorded a tribute to Stan Getz on NYC Records called Alone: Four's and Two's followed a year later with Joe Lovano, and in 1999 Garzone returned with Moodiology. Fringe in New York was released in summer 2000. With the Joe Lovano Nonet he recorded at the Village Vanguard in September 2002.

He has also performed with Don Alias, Kenny Barron, Dennis Chambers, Stanley Cowell, Anton Fig, Dan Gottlieb, Tom Harrell, Dave Holland, Dave Liebman, Cecil McBee, Bob Moses, Gary Peacock, Marvin Smith, Bill Stewart, Harvie Swartz, and Lenny White.[2]

Triadic Chromatic Approach

The triadic chromatic approach is an improvisatory approach created by George Garzone while teaching at colleges in Boston and New York City. The approach was developed to allow the improviser to be able to improvise freely without having to concern themselves with what is going on harmonically.

This approach is applied by selecting one the four standard triads (major, minor, augmented, and diminished)and moving by a half step into another inversion of the same type of triad. This is a broad definition and there are many ways to be able to manipulate and change this approach.[3]


As a leader

  • Alone, (NYC, 1995); with Luciana Souza, voice; Chuck Loeb, guitar; David Kikoski, piano; Eddie Gómez, bass; Lenny White, drums
  • Four's and Two's, (NYC, 1996); with Joe Lovano, saxophones; Joey Calderazzo, piano; John Lockwood, bass; Bill Stewart, drums.
  • Demetrio's Dream, Music by Gianni Pezzano, (NL Records, 1997)
  • Moodiology, (NYC, 1999); with Kenny Werner, piano; John Lockwood, bass; Bob Gullotti, drums; Claire Daly, baritone saxophone; Douglas Yates, alto saxophone, bass clarinet; Mike Mainieri, vibraphone.
  • The Fringe in New York, (NYC, 2000); with the Fringe and Mike Mainieri, vibraphone.
  • One Two Three Four, (Stunt, 2007); with Chris Crocco, guitar; Dennis Irwin, bass; Pete Zimmer, drums
  • Audacity (Challenge, 2012) with Frank Tiberi Jakob Hoyer Jonas Westergard Rasmus Ehlers[4]

With The Fringe

  • The Fringe, (Ap-Gu-Ga, 1978)
  • Live! (Ap-Gu-Ga, 1980)
  • Hey Open Up, (Ap-Gu-Ga, 1985)
  • The Raging Bulls, Ap-Gu-Ga (1986)
  • Return of the Neanderthal Man, (Northeastern, 1989)
  • It's Time for the Fringe, (Soul Note, 1992)
  • Live in Israel, (Soul Note, 1997)
  • Live in Iseo, (Soul Note, 2002)
  • The Fringe Live at the Zeitgeist (Resolution, 2005)

With others

  • George Russell and the In Living Time Orchestra: The African Game, (Blue Note Records|Blue Note]], 1983)
  • Mordy Ferber: Mr. X, (Half Note, 1985)
  • Bob Moses/Tisziji Munoz: Love Everlasting, (Amulet, 1987)
  • The Schulldogs: Tenor Tantrums, (GM, 1988)
  • Gunther Schuller/Orange Then Blue: Jumpin' in the Future, (GM, 1989)
  • Orange Then Blue: Where Were You? , (GM, 1989)
  • George Schuller: Looking Up from Down Below, (GM, 1990)
  • Wolfgang Muthspiel: Black and Blue, (Amadeo, 1992)
  • Danilo Perez: The Journey, (Novus, 1993)
  • Alex Deutsch: Pink, Inc, (DIW, 1991)
  • Ingrid Jensen: Vernal Fields, (Enja, 1994)
  • Rachel Z: Room of One's Own, (NYC, 1996)
  • David White: Double Double, (CIMP, 1998)
  • Dave Bryant: The Eternal Hang, (Accurate, 1999)
  • Mike Mainieri: An American Diary Vol. 2: The Dreamings, (NYC, 1999)
  • Claire Daly: Swing Low, (Koch, 1999)
  • Luciana Souza: The Answer to Your Silence, (NYC, 1999)
  • Frank Tiberi: Tiberian Mode, (NY Jam, 1999)
  • Johnny Johansson: Boston Tea Party, (BIBA, 1999)
  • Various Artists: As Long as You're Living Yours: The Music of Keith Jarrett, (Victor/RCA, 2000)
  • Joe Lovano Nonet: 52nd Street Themes, (Blue Note, 2000)
  • Martin Taylor: Kiss and Tell, (Sony, 2000)
  • Jerry Steinhilber: Chicago Trio/New York Tenor, (Soul Note, 2001)
  • Barry Wedgle: Paradise, (Exit, 2001)
  • Dino Govoni: Breakin' Out, (Whaling City Sound, 2001)
  • Joe Lovano Nonet: On This Day: At the Vanguard (Live), (Blue Note, 2002)
  • Abby and Norm Group: Melodic Miner's Daughter, (A to Z Music, 2003)
  • Ayn Inserto Jazz Orchestra with Bob Brookmeyer and George Garzone: Clairvoyance, (self-published, 2006)
  • Chris Crocco Fluid Trio: Fluid Trio, (self-published, 2007)
  • Lello Molinari: Multiple Personalities, No More Mr. Nice Guy, On a Boston Night[5]
  • Leah Gough-Cooper's Human Equivalent: Future Pop, (FTR, 2009)

Performances with prominent artists

Saxophonists: George Adams, Jerry Bergonzi (NEC Faculty), Michael Brecker, Kenny Brooks, Claire Daly, Kenny Garrett, Dave Liebman, Joe Lovano, Tony Malaby, Joshua Redman, James Spaulding, Stan Strickland, Frank Tiberi, Steve Wilson

Trumpet players: Randy Brecker, Tom Harrell, Eddie Henderson, Ingrid Jensen, John McNeil (NEC Faculty), Tiger Okoshi, Herb Pomeroy (Berklee Faculty), Barry Ries Trombonists: Bob Brookmeyer (NEC Faculty), Hal Crook

Pianists: Kenny Barron, Ran Blake (NEC Faculty), Joanne Brackeen, Jaki Byard, Joey Calderazzo, Chick Corea, Stanley Cowell, David Kikoski, Bevan Manson, John Medeski, (NEC Alum), Alan Pasqua, Danilo Pérez (NEC Faculty), Kenny Werner, Rachel Z (NEC Alum)

Guitarists: John Abercombrie, Mick Goodrick, Chuck Loeb, Ben Monder (NEC Faculty), Wolfgang Muthspiel, Martin Taylor, Barry Wedgle, David White

Drummers/Percussionists: Don Alias, Jeff Ballard, Brian Blade, Gary Chaffee (NEC faculty), Dennis Chambers, Jack DeJohnette, Peter Erskine, Al Foster, Bob Gullotti, Billy Hart, Roy Haynes, Elvin Jones, Mel Lewis, Mike Mainieri (Vibes), Rakalam Bob Moses, Buddy Rich, Mickey Roker, George Schuller (NEC Alum), Steve Smith, Jerry Steinhilber, Bill Stewart, Lenny White, Can Kozlu

Bassists: Ron Carter, Ray Drummond, Eddie Gómez, Larry Grenadier, Dave Holland (former NEC Faculty), Dennis Irwin, Marc Johnson, John Lockwood (NEC Faculty), Cecil McBee, Christian McBride, John Patitucci, Gary Peacock, Ed Schuller (NEC Alum), Harvie S, Miroslav Vitous (former NEC Faculty), Reggie Workman

Composers/Conductors: Gil Evans, Gunther Schuller, Lello Molinari

Ensembles: The Carla Bley Big Band, Gil Evans Orchestra, The Fringe (with John Lockwood and Bob Gullotti), George Russell and the In Living Time Orchestra, The Joe Lovano Nonet, Medeski, Martin and Wood, Orange Then Blue, The Woody Herman Band

Non-jazz artists: Aerosmith, Musica Viva (Tribute to Kurt Weill), The Dells, Extreme, Aretha Franklin, Engelbert Humperdinck (singer), Tom Jones, Gladys Knight, Liberace, New Kids on the Block, Elvis Presley, The Temptations, Rodney Dangerfield, Ratdog[6]

Notable students

Non-woodwind notable students


  1. ^ Gilbert, Mark (2002). "Garzone, George (Sabato)". In Barry Kernfeld (ed.). The new Grove dictionary of jazz, vol. 2 (2nd ed.). New York: Grove's Dictionaries. p. 19. ISBN 1561592846.
  2. ^ "Faculty - Berklee College of Music".
  3. ^
  4. ^ International, Challenge Records. "Audacity - George Garzone / Frank Tiberi / Jakob Hoyer / Jonas Westergard / Rasmus Ehlers - Challenge Records International". Challenge Records International.
  5. ^ "index".
  6. ^ George
  7. ^

External links

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