Ibrahim ibn al-Walid

Ibrahim ibn al-Walid
إبراهيم ابن الوليد
Khalīfah
Amir al-Mu'minin
Dihrem of Ibrahim ibn al-Walid.jpg
Dirham of Ibrahim ibn Al-Walid
13th Caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate
Reign4 October 744 – 4 December 744
PredecessorYazid III
SuccessorMarwan II
BornDamascus
Died25 January 750
Bilad al-Sham
IssueIshaq
Names
Ibrahim ibn al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik
HouseMarwanid
DynastyUmayyad
FatherAl-Walid I
MotherBudayra (Su'ar)
ReligionIslam

Ibrāhīm ibn al-Walīd ibn ʿAbd al-Malik (died 25 January 750) (Arabic: ابراهيم ابن الوليد بن عبد الملك) was an Umayyad caliph, and a son of Caliph al-Walid I (r. 705–715). He ruled from 4 October 744 to 4 December 744. He was the penultimate Caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate.

Birth and Background

Ibrahim was the member of the influential Umayyad dynasty. He was the son of sixth Umayyad caliph al-Walid I, who ruled from 705 to 715. Ibrahim, whose mother was a concubine named Su'ar or Budayra. His father, al-Walid was survived by several sons: al-Ya'qubi names sixteen, while historian al-Tabari (d. 923) names nineteen. Ibrahim was the grandson of great Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik and his grand mother was Wallada bint al-Abbas ibn al-Jaz al-Absiyya.

Reign

Yazid III named his brother Ibrahim as his successor. Yazid fell ill of a brain tumour and died on October 3 or 4, 744. Ibrahim duly succeeded him. Ibrahim ruled for two months in 744 before he abdicated, and went into hiding out of fear of his political opponents. The shortness of this time and his incomplete acceptance led Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari to state that he did not succeed in becoming caliph (v. 26, p. 247). However, al-Tabari (p. 13) does record that Ibrahim as caliph did confirm the appointment of Abdallah ibn Umar as governor of Iraq (v. 27, p. 13).

Abdication

Ibrahim was named heir apparent by his brother Yazid III. Marwan II decided to oppose Yazid III, and even though he later gave allegiance to Yazid, on the early death of that caliph, Marwan continued his own ambitions. Ibrahim requested and was granted Marwan's assurance of personal safety. He travelled with Marwan to former Caliph Hisham's residence at Rusafah in Syria. Like most members of the Umayyad family, Ibrahim was executed by the Abbasids in 750.

See also



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