Ileocolic artery

Ileocolic artery
Arteries of cecum and vermiform process. (Terminal part of Ileocolic labeled at upper right.)
The superior mesenteric artery and its branches. (Ileocolic artery not labeled, but visible at bottom left.)
Sourcesuperior mesenteric artery
Branchesappendicular artery
anterior cecal artery
posterior cecal artery
Veinileocolic vein
Latinarteria ileocolica
Anatomical terminology

The ileocolic artery is the lowest branch arising from the concavity of the superior mesenteric artery. It supplies the cecum, ileum, and appendix.

It passes downward and to the right behind the peritoneum toward the right iliac fossa, where it divides into a superior and an inferior branch: the inferior gives rise to the appendicular artery and anastomoses with the end of the superior mesenteric artery; the superior branch anastomoses with the right colic artery.



The inferior branch of the ileocolic runs toward the upper border of the ileocolic junction and produces the following branches:

Additional images

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