Detailed Pedia

Indian Music Industry

Indian Music Industry
IMI logo
Founded28 February 1936
Location
Key people
Blaise Fernandes, President & CEO
Websiteindianmi.org

The Indian Music Industry (IMI) is a trust that represents the recording industry distributors in India. It was founded on February 28, 1936, as Indian Phonographic Industry (IPI). It is the 2nd oldest music industry organization in the world that was involved in protecting copyrights of music producers and supporting growth of music entertainment industry. In 1994, it was renamed as Indian Music Industry (IMI) and represented India at the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI). It is also registered with the West Bengal Societies Registration Act. All major music labels in India are part of this association. Record companies like Saregama India Ltd. (HMV), Universal Music (India), Tips Industries Limited, Sony Music Entertainment (India), Virgin Records, Magnasound, Aditya Music, Times Music, Zee Music Company and T-Series several other prominent international, national and regional labels are part of the IMI. The IMI represents over 75% of all legal music sales in India.

IMI has its registered office in Kolkata and Administrative office in Mumbai. It also has offices in New Delhi, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad and other major Indian cities working on the protection of rights of music producers and preventing music piracy. It has also been instrumental in launching the IMMIES music awards in collaboration with MTV.

The Indian music industry is largely dominated by Indian film soundtracks, which account for nearly 80% of the country's music revenue, followed by Indi-pop. As of 2014, the largest Indian music record label is T-Series with up to 35% share of the Indian market, followed by Sony Music India (the largest foreign-owned label) with up to 25% share, and then Zee Music (which has a partnership with Sony). As of 2017, 216million Indians use music streaming services such as YouTube, Hungama, Gaana and Saavn. T-Series has the world's most-subscribed and most-viewed YouTube channel.

History

The industry was dominated by cassette tapes in the 1980s and 1990s. In 1990, India had annual cassette sales of 180million units, including both legitimate and pirate sales. This made it the world's second largest cassette market, after the United States. By 1998, the industry had annual earnings of ₹12 billion ($291 million).

In the early 2000s, 49million cassettes (including 16million pirate tapes) were sold every month. Later in the 2000s, the industry transitioned to online streaming, bypassing CD and digital downloads.

Criteria of certification levels

The Indian Music Industry has constituted different, awards to encourage and promote music. The approved scheme of gold/platinum disc standards effective for sound recordings of member companies released in one calendar year is as below:

  • Sales of all types of carriers, whether vinyl records, audio cassettes, compact discs, MP3 compact discs, music videos (i.e. excluding home videos) or any other existing or future type of carrier is considered on the basis of one unit.
  • If a sound recording contains a combination of two program, any program over half of its total duration can be weighted at 50%, of the sales of the sound recording of that program. Any program comprising less than half of the total duration of the sound recording will not be counted for the purpose of certification.
  • Sales in domestic markets only will be considered for the calculation of sales of sound recording.
  • The time-limit for achieving above sales in any category is one year from the release of the recording in India.
  • Applications should be accompanied by a copy certified by the member's chartered accountant stating the date of release & the number of units sold, along with a letter from the managing director or CEO.

Record charts

International Top 20 Singles

IMI launched International Top 20 Singles chart, the first official music industry recognised record chart in India, on 21 June 2021. It ranks best-performing international singles in India based on streaming data from Amazon Music, Apple Music, and Spotify. The data is collected and aggregated by BMAT Music Innovators and chart is reviewed by IMI Charts committee. The first number-one song for the chart dated 21 June 2021, was "Butter" by BTS.

Certification levels

India has separate scales for music recording certifications. Certifications are usually based on sales, like some other Asian countries. Like many other Asian countries, domestic repertoire accounts for the majority of the Indian music market. Like many other countries, sales requirements of music recording in India reduced due to music piracy, declining sales, and the rise of online streaming.

Current

The following are the current certification levels, as of 2019.

Release type Singles Albums
Gold Platinum Gold Platinum
Hindi films 120,000 240,000 75,000 150,000
Regional films 60,000 120,000 40,000 80,000
Pop/Basic 60,000 120,000 15,000 30,000
Devotional 50,000 100,000 10,000 20,000
Classical/Folk 10,000 20,000 5,000 10,000
International 60,000 120,000 12,000 30,000

Single and album units are measured in terms of Track Equivalent (TE) and Album Equivalent (AE) units, respectively, which are equivalent to the following media units.

Media unit(s) Track Equivalent (TE) Album Equivalent (AE)
Digital track download(s) 1 10
Digital album download N/A 1
Physical album sale N/A 1
CRBT (caller ring-back tones) (30 days[clarification needed]) 2 20
Track streams 100 1,000
Video streams 300 3,000

Previous

Prior to the inclusion of music streaming in IMI certifications, the following certification levels were in use between 2007 and 2013.

Between 2007 and 2013
Release type Gold Platinum
Hindi Films 200,000 400,000
Regional Films 50,000 100,000
Regional Basic 25,000 50,000
National Basic 50,000 100,000
Classical/Non-Classical 15,000 30,000
International 4,000 6,000

The following certification levels were in use between 2000 and 2007.

Between 2000 and 2007
Release type Gold Platinum
Hindi Films 500,000 1,000,000
Regional Films 100,000 200,000
Regional Basic 60,000 120,000
National Basic 100,000 200,000
Classical/Semi-Classical 20,000 40,000
International (2006–2007) 10,000 20,000
International (2000–2006) 20,000 40,000

The following certification levels were in use up until 2000.

Up until 2000
Release type Gold Platinum
Hindi films 500,000 1,000,000
Indi-pop 120,000 200,000
Foreign 30,000 60,000

Best-selling albums

Top ten

Rank Year Album Music director(s) Lyricist(s) Singer(s) Sales Source(s)
1 2006 Aap Kaa Surroor Himesh Reshammiya Sameer Anjaan Himesh Reshammiya 55,000,000
2 1983 Young Tarang Zoheb Hassan, Biddu Nazia Hassan, Zoheb Hassan, Sehba Akhtar, Amit Khanna Nazia Hassan, Zoheb Hassan 40,000,000 [self-published source]
3 1990 Aashiqui Nadeem–Shravan Sameer, Madan Pal, Rani Malik Kumar Sanu, Anuradha Paudwal, Udit Narayan, Nitin Mukesh 20,000,000
1995 Bolo Ta Ra Ra.. Jawahar Wattal Daler Mehndi Daler Mehndi 20,000,000
Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge Jatin–Lalit Anand Bakshi Lata Mangeshkar, Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan, Asha Bhosle, Abhijeet, Manpreet Kaur, Pamela Chopra 20,000,000
5 1995 Billo De Ghar Abrar-ul-Haq Abrar-ul-Haq Abrar-ul-Haq 16,000,000
6 1995 Bombay A. R. Rahman Vairamuthu, Mehboob, Veturi A. R. Rahman, Remo Fernandes, Suresh Peters, Swarnalatha, K. S. Chithra, Hariharan, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Udit Narayan, Annupamaa 15,000,000
7 1981 Disco Deewane Zoheb Hassan, Biddu Nazia Hassan, Zoheb Hassan, Anwar Khalid, Faruq Qaiser Nazia Hassan, Zoheb Hassan 14,000,000
8 1997 Dil Toh Pagal Hai Uttam Singh Anand Bakshi Lata Mangeshkar, Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan, Asha Bhosle, Hariharan 12,500,000
9 1994 Hum Aapke Hain Kaun Raamlaxman Ravinder Rawal, Dev Kohli Lata Mangeshkar, Kumar Sanu, S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Udit Narayan, Sharda Sinha, Shailendra Singh 12,000,000
10 1996 Raja Hindustani Nadeem–Shravan Sameer Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan, Alka Yagnik, Suresh Wadkar, Sapna Awasthi, Alisha Chinai, Sapna Mukheree, Bela Salukhe 11,000,000

By decade

Decade Year Album Language Music director(s) Lyricist(s) Singer(s) Sales Source(s)
1930s 1939 Aadmi Hindi

Marathi

Master Krishnarao Munsi Aziz Shanta Hublikar, Ram Marathe, Sundara Bai, Shahu Modhak [citation needed]
1940s 1949 Barsaat Hindi Shankar Jaikishan Hasrat Jaipuri, Shailendra, Ramesh Shashtri, Akhilesh, Jalal Malahabadi Lata Mangeshkar, Mohammed Rafi, Mukesh [citation needed]
1950s 1951 Awaara Hindustani Shankar Jaikishan Shailendra, Hasrat Jaipuri Shamshad Begum, Mukesh, Lata Mangeshkar, Manna Dey, Mohammed Rafi
1960s 1964 Sangam Hindustani Shankar Jaikishan Shailendra, Hasrat Jaipuri Vyjayanthimala, Mukesh, Lata Mangeshkar, Mahendra Kapoor, Mohammed Rafi
1970s 1973 Bobby Hindustani Laxmikant–Pyarelal Anand Bakshi, Vitthalbhai Patel Lata Mangeshkar, Narendra Chanchal, Shailendra Singh, Manna Dey 1,000,000
1975 Sholay Hindustani R. D. Burman Anand Bakshi, Salim–Javed Kishore Kumar, Manna Dey, Lata Mangeshkar, Hema Malini, R. D. Burman 1,000,000
1980s 1983 Young Tarang Hindustani Zoheb Hassan, Biddu Nazia Hassan, Zoheb Hassan, Sehba Akhtar, Amit Khanna Nazia Hassan, Zoheb Hassan 40,000,000
1990s 1990 Aashiqui Hindi Nadeem–Shravan Sameer, Madan Pal, Rani Malik Kumar Sanu, Anuradha Paudwal, Udit Narayan, Nitin Mukesh 20,000,000
1995 Bolo Ta Ra Ra.. Punjabi Jawahar Wattal Daler Mehndi Daler Mehndi 20,000,000
Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge Hindi Jatin–Lalit Anand Bakshi Lata Mangeshkar, Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan, Asha Bhosle, Abhijeet, Manpreet Kaur, Pamela Chopra 20,000,000
2000s 2000 Mohabbatein Hindi Jatin–Lalit Anand Bakshi Lata Mangeshkar, Udit Narayan, Shweta Pandit, Sonali Bhatawdekar, Ishaan 5,000,000
2010s 2010 Komaram Puli Telugu A. R. Rahman Chandrabose A. R. Rahman, Vijay Prakash, Tanvi Shah, Shweta Mohan, Javed Ali, Shreya Ghoshal 760,000

This page was last updated at 2022-06-14 12:49 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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