Institute of Linguistics of the Russian Academy of Sciences

The building of the Institute of Linguistics on Bolshoi Kislovsky lane, Moscow

The Institute of Linguistics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian: Институт языкознания Российской академии наук) is a structural unit in the Language and Literature Section of History and Philology Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences. This Institute is one of the major centers in the field of linguistic research in Russia, and is also a center for the Moscow School of Comparative Linguistics.

Researchers of the Institute of Linguistics are involved in the study of fundamental linguistic problems as well as in applied linguistic studies of the languages of Russia, the Commonwealth of Independent States and foreign countries too. These include Romance, Germanic, Celtic, Iranian, Turkic, Mongolian, Finno-Ugriс languages and languages of the Caucasus region, Tropical Africa and South-Eastern Asia.

Attention is paid to the problems of linguistic typology and comparative and historical linguistics. Much attention is given to the research of psycholinguistic and sociolinguistic problems (language situation, language policy, language conflicts) in different regions of the world.

History

The Institute of Linguistics of the USSR Academy of Sciences was created in 1950 in Moscow after the so-called “discussion of linguistic issues” during the campaign against the Marrism (Japhetic theory). The Institute was organized on the basis of the Institute of the Russian Language of the Academy of Sciences, established in 1944, as a "counterweight" to the Marr Institute of Language and Mind in Leningrad, the leading center of theoretical language studies in the USSR of that period. The latter in 1952 was reorganized as the Leningrad branch of the Moscow Institute of Linguistics (this situation continued until 1991, when the Leningrad branch was transformed into an independent Institute for Linguistic Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences).

On June 19, 2012, Vladimir Alpatov became the Director of the Institute of Linguistics, as elected by general meeting of all the researchers of the Institute.

On May 25, 2017, Andrej Kibrik was elected the Director of the Institute of Linguistics by the general meeting of the researchers.

Administration

The Institute is headed by the Direction:

  • Director of the Institute — Prof. Andrej Aleksandrovich Kibrik
  • Deputy Director for science — Andrej Vladimirovich Sideltsev, PhD
  • Deputy Director for science — Andrey Boleslavovich Shluinsky, PhD
  • Deputy Director for general issues — Victor Nikolaevich Perley
  • Scientific Secretary — Vladimir Ilyich Karpov, PhD

Structure

The structure of the scientific divisions of the Institute includes one Research Center, 8 Research Departments, the Department for international relations and the Department for the scientific personnel training. In 2002 the Department of Foreign Languages has been included in the structure of the Institute. In 2012 the Psycholinguistics Sector was transformed into the Department of Psycholinguistics comprising the General Psycholinguistics Sector and the Ethnopsycholinguistics Sector.

The Institute's subdivisions:

Directions of scientific research

The Institute’s directions of research include:

  • Theory of language, linguistic typology and comparative-historical linguistics;
  • Description of the languages of the world, including rare and endangered languages;
  • Areal linguistics;
  • Sociolinguistics;
  • Ethnolinguistics;
  • Psycholinguistics;
  • History of literary languages;
  • Computational linguistics;
  • Lexicography;
  • Logical analysis of the language;
  • Experimental phonetics and semantics;
  • Translation theory.

Projects

Researchers of the Institute are involved in the preparation of a multi-volume encyclopaedia "Languages of the World" (14 volumes have already been published).

Joint international research is conducted in cooperation with scientific institutions of France, the USA, Canada, Spain, Germany, Vietnam and other countries.

Scientists of the Institute of Linguistics of the Russian Academy of Sciences have created the "Linguistic Encyclopedic Dictionary", the first edition of which was published in 1990 with Viktoria Yartseva as the chief editor (the 2nd edition, 2002).

See also


This page was last updated at 2023-11-26 04:19 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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