Juan Vucetich

Juan Vucetich
Juan Vucetich 100.jpg
Born
Ivan Vučetić

(1858-07-20)20 July 1858
Hvar, Austrian Empire
Died25 January 1925(1925-01-25) (aged 66)
Dolores, Argentina
Resting placeLa Plata Cemetery
Known forContribution to fingerprinting

Juan Vucetich Kovacevich (born Ivan Vučetić; 20 July 1858 – 25 January 1925) was a Croatian-Argentine anthropologist and police official who pioneered the use of dactyloscopy (fingerprint identification).

Biography

Vucetich was born in Hvar, Dalmatia, then part of the Austrian Empire, and immigrated to Argentina in 1882.

In 1891, he began the first filing of fingerprints based on ideas of Francis Galton which he expanded significantly. He became the director of the Center for Dactyloscopy in Buenos Aires. At the time, he included the Bertillon system alongside the fingerprint files.

The first positive identification of a criminal was made in 1892, when Francisca Rojas killed her two children and cut her throat, putting the blame on an outside attacker. A bloody print identified her as the killer. Argentine police adopted Vucetich's method of fingerprinting classification and it spread to police forces all over the world. Vucetich improved his method with new material; he published Dactiloscopía Comparada ("Comparative Dactyloscopy") in 1904.

Vucetich died in Dolores, Buenos Aires.

Legacy

The Buenos Aires Provincial Police academy near La Plata is named the Escuela de Policia Juan Vucetich; an eponymous museum was also founded.

In Croatia, the Forensic Science Centre Ivan Vucetic in Zagreb also bears his name. The city of Pula has a memorial marker to commemorate his service in the Austro-Hungarian Navy while stationed there. There is a bust in his native Hvar.


This page was last updated at 2022-06-06 03:25 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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