Karl Caspar

Karl Caspar
Born(1879-03-13)March 13, 1879
DiedSeptember 21, 1956(1956-09-21) (aged 77)
Resting placeBrannenburg, Bavaria, West Germany
NationalityGerman
Alma materState Academy of Fine Arts Stuttgart
Academy of Fine Arts, Munich
Known forPainting
MovementImpressionism, Expressionism
Spouse(s)
Maria Caspar-Filser (m. 1907–1956)
AwardsOrder of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (1950)

Karl Caspar (March 13, 1879 – September 21, 1956) was a German painter who lived and worked mainly in Munich.

Life and work

Karl Caspar studied at the State Academy of Fine Arts Stuttgart and the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. In 1904 Caspar became a member of the Stuttgarter Künstlerbund (Stuttgart Artists' Association), and in 1906 he joined the Deutscher Künstlerbund (German Artists' Association). In 1907 he married fellow-painter and childhood friend and neighbor, Maria Filser. In 1913, he was a founding member of the artists' association Münchener Neue Secession, to which painters like Alexej von Jawlensky, Adolf Erbslöh, Wladimir von Bechtejeff, Paul Klee, and Alexander Kanoldt also belonged. In 1919 he became the chairman of the association. A high point of Caspar's work was the Passion Altar of 1916/1917, housed in the crypt of the Frauenkirche.[1]

From 1922 to 1937 Caspar was a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. His works were exhibited in the Degenerate Art Exhibition, which was organized in Munich by the Nazis in 1937. Thereafter, his Christianity-inspired paintings and drawings, influenced equally by Impressionism and Expressionism, were removed from German museums and public collections and/or destroyed, and he was forced to retire from his teaching position. That same year (some sources say the year was 1944, after his Munich house was destroyed in a bombing raid), due to Nazi hostility, he settled with his family in Brannenburg, where he is buried.

As early as 1946, Caspar was reappointed professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. In 1948 he was one of the founding members of the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts. That same year, he participated in the Venice Biennale. In 1950 he was awarded the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany. In 1952, he was awarded the first Upper Swabian Art Prize, jointly with his wife. In 1955, a year before his death, he became a member of the Berlin Academy of Arts.

His students include Joseph Loher and Gretel Loher-Schmeck, who belong to the Lost Generation, Fred Thieler and Richard Stumm and Peter Paul Etz.

Public collections of works

Germany
Poland
USA

Footnotes

  1. ^ "02209 Karl Caspar". Matrikelbuch 1884-1920 (in German). Retrieved February 1, 2014.

References

  • Wirth, Günther, ed. (1993). Maria Caspar-Filser - Karl Caspar. Verfolgte Bilder [Maria Caspar-Filser - Karl Caspar. Persecuted images.] (in German). Albstadt: City Gallery. ISBN 3-923644-53-1.
  • Köster, Karl Theodor, Köster-Caspar, Felizitas E. M., eds. (1985). Karl Caspar. Das druckgraphische Werk. Gesamtverzeichnis [Karl Caspar. His printmaking work. Complete index.] (in German). Sigmaringen: Released on the occasion of the exhibition "Karl Caspar: His printmaking work" in Langenargen Museum. ISBN 3-7995-3157-2.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)

External links


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