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Khouribga

Khouribga
خريبڭة / ⵅⵯⵔⵉⴱⴳⴰ
Khouribga Montage - Se7enthsky.jpg
Nickname(s): 
Phosphate City
Khouribga is located in Morocco
Khouribga
Khouribga
Location in Morocco
Khouribga is located in Africa
Khouribga
Khouribga
Khouribga (Africa)
Coordinates: 32°53′N 6°55′W / 32.883°N 6.917°W / 32.883; -6.917
Country Morocco
RegionBéni Mellal-Khénifra
ProvinceKhouribga
Government
 • MayorCherki Al Gholmi (Justice and Development Party) (2015)
 • GovernorHamid Chnouri (2018)
Area
 • Total52 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation786 m (2,579 ft)
Population
(2014)
 • Total196,196
 • Density4,083.46/km2 (10,576.1/sq mi)
 • Rank15th in Morocco
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
Postal Code
25000

Khouribga (Berber languages: ⵅⵯⵔⵉⴱⴳⴰ, romanized: xʷribga; Arabic: خريبڭة, romanizedḵurībga, [xuriːbɡa]) is the capital of Khouribga Province in the Béni Mellal-Khénifra region, Morocco. With a population of 196,196 (2014 census), Khouribga owes its growth to the phosphate deposits nearby.

Geography

Located at 120 km from Casablanca, 154 km from the capital, Rabat, more than 200 km from the city of Marrakesh, and about 99 km from the city of Beni Mellal and 60 km from the city of Settat.

Khouribga is located 820 meters above sea level on the Ouardigha plateau. The city was founded in 1923 by the authorities of the French protectorate when they discovered phosphate in the region, for which Morocco is considered to be the biggest exporter in the world. There are several mines in the province, most notably the mine of Sidi Shennan near the town of Oued Zem, which lies 30 km from the village of Boulanouar (5 km) and the town of Boujniba (10 km) and the village of Hattane.

The Province of Khouribga is bordered by the Province of Beni Mellal in the east, Province of Ben Slimane in the west, the Province of Settat in the south, and Khémisset Province in the north.

Climate

Khouribga has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). In winter there is more rainfall than in summer. The average annual temperature in Khouribga is 17.2 °C (63.0 °F). About 432 mm (17.01 in) of precipitation falls annually.

Climate data for Khouribga
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
17.6
(63.7)
19.8
(67.6)
22.6
(72.7)
26.1
(79.0)
30.6
(87.1)
36.0
(96.8)
36.2
(97.2)
32.5
(90.5)
27.0
(80.6)
19.3
(66.7)
17.1
(62.8)
25.1
(77.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 9.9
(49.8)
10.4
(50.7)
12.4
(54.3)
14.6
(58.3)
17.8
(64.0)
21.9
(71.4)
26.1
(79.0)
26.7
(80.1)
23.8
(74.8)
19.2
(66.6)
12.7
(54.9)
10.6
(51.1)
17.2
(62.9)
Average low °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
3.3
(37.9)
5.0
(41.0)
6.6
(43.9)
9.5
(49.1)
13.2
(55.8)
16.3
(61.3)
17.2
(63.0)
15.1
(59.2)
11.4
(52.5)
6.1
(43.0)
4.1
(39.4)
9.2
(48.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 60
(2.4)
58
(2.3)
57
(2.2)
52
(2.0)
22
(0.9)
7
(0.3)
2
(0.1)
3
(0.1)
12
(0.5)
36
(1.4)
52
(2.0)
71
(2.8)
432
(17)
Source: https://en.climate-data.org/location/715066/

Economy

Phosphate

Partial mosasaur jaw from a Khouribga mine

The Province of Khouribga has a large phosphate reserve estimated 35 to 40 billion cubic meters, which is ranked first at the international level. Also Khouribga is one of the cities that brings hard currency and that is due to its community residents from Italy.

The phosphate mines in the Ouled Abdoun Basin are notable source of fossils, especially Mosasaur and Sharks jaws and teeth.

Industrial activities

In addition to phosphate mining, the province knew the emergence of other industries in economic sectors such as:

Industrial areas

The province has three Industrial zones:

  • The industrial zone of Khouribga (industrial district): 20 hectares (234 partitions) and 13 operating industrial units plus the expansion of the zone.
  • The industrial zone of Oued Zem.
  • The industrial zone of Bejaad.

Services

The province has several services, among them:

Agriculture

The agricultural lands is divided into 50% arable land, 20% forests, 30% unused land. Livestock is the most important source of income for the rural population, the herd is estimated to be:

  • Goats: 30.000-60.000 heads
  • Equidae: 40.000-60.000 heads
  • Cows: 50.000-70.000 heads
  • Sheep: 500.000-600.000 heads

Handicrafts

The handicrafts sector represents a sizable part of the local economy with 9 cooperatives (260 members), and a handicrafts association.

Health

The facilities cover most of the province with:

  • 6 rooms
  • 3 provincial hospitals
  • 20 health centers
  • 7 urban health centers
  • 9 rural clinics

Twin towns – sister cities

Khouribga is twinned with:

Notable people

See also


This page was last updated at 2022-02-05 14:33 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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