List of British monarchs

United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland
Royal Arms
Royal coat of arms (common version on the left; Scottish version on the right)

There have been 13 British monarchs since the political union of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland on 1 May 1707. England and Scotland had been in personal union since 24 March 1603. On 1 January 1801, the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland merged, creating first the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and later the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland upon the secession of southern Ireland in the 1920s.

Union and succession

Queen Anne became monarch of the Kingdom of Great Britain after the political union of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland on 1 May 1707. She had ruled England, Scotland, and the Kingdom of Ireland since 8 March 1702. She continued as queen of Great Britain and Ireland until her death. Her total reign lasted 12 years and 147 days. Although Anne's great grandfather, James VI and I (r. 1603–1625), the monarch of the Union of the Crowns, proclaimed himself "King of Great Britain", and used it on coinage, stamps and elsewhere, the Parliament of England had refused to use that style in statutory law or address.

During Anne's reign, Parliament settled the rules of succession in the Act of Settlement 1701, defining Sophia of Hanover (granddaughter of James VI and I) and her non-Catholic descendants as the future royal heirs. The Crown passed from Queen Anne to Sophia's son, King George I, as Sophia had already died. Queen Anne and King George I were second cousins, as both were great-grandchildren of James VI and I. For a family tree that shows George I's relationship to Anne, see George I of Great Britain § Family tree.

List

Name Portrait Arms Birth Marriage(s) Death Claim
House of Stuart
Anne
1 May 1707

1 August 1714
(7 years, 93 days)
(Queen of England and Scotland from
8 March 1702)
(12 years, 147 days)
6 February 1665
St James's Palace
Daughter of James VII and II
and Anne Hyde
George of Denmark
St James's Palace
28 July 1683
5 children
until 28 October 1708
1 August 1714
Kensington Palace
Aged 49
Daughter of James VII and II
Bill of Rights 1689
House of Hanover
George I
George Louis
1 August 1714

11 June 1727
(12 years, 315 days)
28 May 1660
Leineschloss
Son of Sophia of the Palatinate,
and Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover
Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle
21 November 1682
2 children
div. 28 December 1694
11 June 1727
Osnabrück
Aged 67
Great-grandson of James VI and I
Act of Settlement 1701
George II
George Augustus
11 June 1727

25 October 1760
(33 years, 126 days)
30 October 1683
Herrenhausen Palace
Son of George I
and Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle
Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Herrenhausen Gardens
22 August 1705
8 children
until 20 November 1737
25 October 1760
Kensington Palace
Aged 76
Son of George I
George III
George William Frederick
25 October 1760

29 January 1820
(59 years, 97 days)
Until 1801:

1801–1816:

From 1816:
24 May 1738
Norfolk House
Son of Frederick, Prince of Wales,
and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
St James's Palace
8 September 1761
15 children
until 17 November 1818
29 January 1820
Windsor Castle
Aged 81
Grandson of George II
George IV
George Augustus Frederick
29 January 1820

26 June 1830
(10 years, 149 days)
12 August 1762
St James's Palace
Son of George III
and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
St James's Palace
8 April 1795
1 daughter
until 7 August 1821
26 June 1830
Windsor Castle
Aged 67
Son of George III
William IV
William Henry
26 June 1830

20 June 1837
(6 years, 360 days)
21 August 1765
Buckingham Palace
Son of George III
and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
Kew Palace
13 July 1818
2 daughters
20 June 1837
Windsor Castle
Aged 71
Brother of George IV


Victoria
Alexandrina Victoria
20 June 1837

22 January 1901
(63 years, 217 days)
24 May 1819
Kensington Palace
Daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn,
and Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
St James's Palace
10 February 1840
9 children
until 14 December 1861
22 January 1901
Osborne House
Aged 81
Niece of William IV
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Edward VII
Albert Edward
22 January 1901

6 May 1910
(9 years, 105 days)
9 November 1841
Buckingham Palace
Son of Victoria
and Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Alexandra of Denmark
St George's Chapel
10 March 1863
6 children
6 May 1910
Buckingham Palace
Aged 68
Son of Victoria
House of Windsor
George V
George Frederick Ernest Albert
6 May 1910

20 January 1936
(25 years, 260 days)
3 June 1865
Marlborough House
Son of Edward VII
and Alexandra of Denmark
Mary of Teck
St James's Palace
6 July 1893
6 children
20 January 1936
Sandringham House
Aged 70
Son of Edward VII
Edward VIII
Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David
20 January 1936

Abdicated 11 December 1936
(327 days)
23 June 1894
White Lodge
Son of George V
and Mary of Teck
Wallis Simpson
Château de Candé
3 June 1937
28 May 1972
Neuilly-sur-Seine
Aged 77
Son of George V
George VI
Albert Frederick Arthur George
11 December 1936

6 February 1952
(15 years, 58 days)
14 December 1895
Sandringham House
Son of George V
and Mary of Teck
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Westminster Abbey
26 April 1923
2 daughters
6 February 1952
Sandringham House
Aged 56
Brother of Edward VIII


Elizabeth II
Elizabeth Alexandra Mary
6 February 1952

8 September 2022
(70 years, 215 days)
21 April 1926
Mayfair
Daughter of George VI
and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Philip of Greece and Denmark
Westminster Abbey
20 November 1947
4 children
until 9 April 2021
8 September 2022
Balmoral Castle
Aged 96
Daughter of George VI
Charles III
Charles Philip Arthur George
8 September 2022

present
(1 year, 163 days)
14 November 1948
Buckingham Palace
Son of Elizabeth II
and Philip of Greece and Denmark
(1) Diana Spencer
St Paul's Cathedral
29 July 1981
2 sons
div. 28 August 1996
(2) Camilla Parker Bowles
Windsor Guildhall
9 April 2005
Living
Age 75
Son of Elizabeth II

Timeline

Timeline of British monarchs
Charles IIIElizabeth IIGeorge VIEdward VIIIGeorge VEdward VIIQueen VictoriaWilliam IVGeorge IVGeorge IIIGeorge II of Great BritainGeorge I of Great BritainAnne, Queen of Great Britain

See also


This page was last updated at 2024-02-19 13:04 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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