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List of World Heritage Sites in Turkey

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972. Turkey accepted the convention on 16 March 1983, making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list. As of 2021, there are nineteen World Heritage Sites in Turkey, including seventeen cultural sites and two mixed sites.

The first three sites in Turkey, Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği, Historic Areas of Istanbul and Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia, were inscribed on the list at the 9th Session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Paris, France in 1985. The latest inscriptions, Aphrodisias, was added to the list in 2017, Göbekli Tepe in 2018 and Arslantepe in 2021.

World Heritage Sites

The table is sortable by column by clicking on the Sort both.gif at the top of the appropriate column; alphanumerically for the site, area, and year columns; by state party for the Location column; and by criteria type for the Criteria column. Transborder sites sort at the bottom.
Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A value of zero implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable
Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description
Aphrodisias Tetrapilón - Afrodisias - 02.jpg TurAydın Province
37°42′30″N 28°43′25″E / 37.70833°N 28.72361°E / 37.70833; 28.72361
152 (380) 2017 The site consists of Aphrodisias itself (featuring the 3rd-century BCE Temple of Aphrodite) and the ancient marble quarries nearby, which had brought wealth to the ancient Greek city.
Archaeological Site of Ani Ani-Cathedral, Ruine.jpeg TurKars Province
40°30′00″N 43°34′00″E / 40.50000°N 43.56667°E / 40.50000; 43.56667
251 (620) 2016 Located close to the Turkey-Armenia border, the medieval city of Ani reached its golden age in the 10th and 11th centuries as the capital of Bagratid Armenia, before going into decline from the 14th century on following a Mongol invasion and a major earthquake.
Archaeological Site of Troy Walls of Troy (2).jpg TurÇanakkale Province
39°57′23″N 26°14′20″E / 39.95639°N 26.23889°E / 39.95639; 26.23889
158 (390) 1998 Dating back to more than four millennia ago and serving as a key influence on Homer's Iliad and Virgil's Aeneid, Troy was rediscovered by Heinrich Schliemann in the late 19th century, and has since become one of the most well-known archeological sites in the world.
Arslantepe Mound Arslantepe Ruins, Malatya 05.jpg TurMalatya Province
38°22′55″N 38°21′40″E / 38.38194°N 38.36111°E / 38.38194; 38.36111
74.07 (183.0) 2021 Arslantepe was an ancient city on the Tohma River, a tributary of the upper Euphrates rising in the Taurus Mountains. It has been identified with the modern archaeological site of Arslantepe near Malatya. The first swords known in the Early Bronze Age (c. 33rd to 31st centuries) are based on finds at Arslantepe by Marcella Frangipane of Rome University.
Bursa and Cumalıkızık: the Birth of the Ottoman Empire Bursa Orhan Gazi Mosque.jpg TurBursa Province
40°11′05″N 29°03′44″E / 40.18472°N 29.06222°E / 40.18472; 29.06222
27 (67) 2014 The first capital of the Ottoman Empire in the 14th century, Bursa, with its innovative urban planning, became a major source of reference for future Ottoman cities. The nearby village of Cumalıkızık, exemplar of the vakıf system, provided support for the development of the capital.
City of Safranbolu 20180107 Safranbolu 1945 (39101010504).jpg TurKarabük Province
41°15′36″N 32°41′23″E / 41.26000°N 32.68972°E / 41.26000; 32.68972
193 (480) 1994 A crossroads of the caravan trade, Safranbolu flourished from the 13th century on. Its architecture became a major influence on urban development throughout the Ottoman Empire.
Diyarbakır Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape City Wall and Battlements - Diyarbakir - Turkey (5777328071).jpg TurDiyarbakır Province
37°54′11″N 40°14′22″E / 37.90306°N 40.23944°E / 37.90306; 40.23944
521 (1,290) 2015 Diyarbakır has been a city of great significance from the Hellenistic period until the present. The site contains Diyarbakır's 5.800km-long city walls, as well as the Hevsel Gardens, which provided food and water supply to the city.
Ephesus Ephesus Celsus Library Façade.jpg Turİzmir Province
37°55′45″N 27°21′34″E / 37.92917°N 27.35944°E / 37.92917; 27.35944
663 (1,640) 2015 The ancient Greek city of Ephesus was famed for one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Temple of Artemis, which now lies in ruins. After coming under Roman control in the 2nd century BCE, the city flourished, leaving behind monumental structures such as the Library of Celsus. The House of the Virgin Mary and the Basilica of St. John became major Christian pilgrimage sites from the 5th century on.
Göbekli Tepe Göbekli Tepe, Urfa.jpg TurŞanlıurfa Province
37°13′00″N 38°55′21″E / 37.21667°N 38.92250°E / 37.21667; 38.92250
126 (310) 2018 Dating back to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic age between 10th and 9th millennium BCE, the site was likely used by hunter-gatherers for ritualistic purposes.
Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia View of Cappadocia edit.jpg TurNevşehir Province
38°40′00″N 34°51′00″E / 38.66667°N 34.85000°E / 38.66667; 34.85000
9,884 (24,420) 1985 The Göreme Valley area is famous for its striking hoodoo rock formations. The region of Cappadocia also features a gallery of rock-hewn dwellings, villages, churches, underground cities and great examples of post-Iconoclastic Byzantine art.
Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği DivrigiUluCami (2006).jpg TurSivas Province
39°22′17″N 38°07′19″E / 39.37139°N 38.12194°E / 39.37139; 38.12194
2,016 (4,980) 1985 Founded in the early 13th century, the mosque-hospital complex at Divriği is a unique and outstanding example of Islamic architecture, blending distinct and sometimes contrasting designs.
Hattusha: the Hittite Capital Sphinx Gate, Hattusa 01.jpg TurÇorum Province
40°00′50″N 34°37′14″E / 40.01389°N 34.62056°E / 40.01389; 34.62056
268 (660) 1986 The formal capital of the Hittite Empire, with its well-preserved city gates, temples, palaces and the nearby rock sanctuary of Yazılıkaya, is among the last vestiges of the once dominant power in Anatolia and northern Syria.
Hierapolis-Pamukkale Pamukkale 56.jpg TurDenizli Province
37°55′26″N 29°07′24″E / 37.92389°N 29.12333°E / 37.92389; 29.12333
1,077 (2,660) 1988 The natural site of Pamukkale is famous for its visually striking landscape, consisting of petrified waterfalls, stalactites and terraces. The nearby town of Hierapolis, founded at the end of the 2nd century BCE, hosts various Greco-Roman structures including temples, baths, a necropolis, as well as examples of Early Christian architecture.
Historic Areas of Istanbul Turkey-3019 - Hagia Sophia (2216460729).jpg TurIstanbul Province
41°00′30″N 28°58′48″E / 41.00833°N 28.98000°E / 41.00833; 28.98000
678 (1,680) 1985 The imperial capital of the Byzantine and Ottoman empires, Istanbul has been a major political, religious and cultural centre for more than two millennia. Its skyline, which includes masterpieces such as the Hippodrome of Constantinople, Hagia Sophia, the Süleymaniye Mosque and the Topkapı Palace, testifies to the great geniuses of architects through the ages.
Nemrut Dağ Nemrut mountain and blue sky.jpg TurAdıyaman Province
38°02′12″N 38°45′49″E / 38.03667°N 38.76361°E / 38.03667; 38.76361
11 (27) 1987 Nemrut Dağ is the location where King Antiochus I (69–34 B.C.) of Commagene constructed his own temple-tomb, surrounded by colossal statues and stelae, in one of the most ambitious architectural undertakings of the Hellenistic period.
Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük Çatalhöyük, 7400 BC, Konya, Turkey - UNESCO World Heritage Site, 08.jpg TurKonya Province
37°40′00″N 32°49′41″E / 37.66667°N 32.82806°E / 37.66667; 32.82806
37 (91) 2012 Occupied between approximately 7400 BC and 5200 BC, the expansive site of Çatalhöyük is among the few examples of a well-preserved Neolithic settlement, with its egalitarian urban layout, roof-access dwellings, wall paintings and reliefs testifying to a proto-urban way of life.
Pergamon and its Multi-Layered Cultural Landscape Pergamon - 04.jpg Turİzmir Province
39°07′33″N 27°10′48″E / 39.12583°N 27.18000°E / 39.12583; 27.18000
333 (820) 2014 Founded in the 3rd century BC as the capital of the Hellenistic Attalid dynasty, Pergamon was one of the most important cities of the ancient world. After its bequest to the Romans in 133 BC, the city witnessed further development, becoming known as a major therapeutic centre.
Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex Edirne 7333 Nevit.JPG TurEdirne Province
41°40′40″N 26°33′34″E / 41.67778°N 26.55944°E / 41.67778; 26.55944
3 (7.4) 2011 Constructed during the 16th century, the Selimiye Mosque complex at Edirne is considered by the architect Mimar Sinan to be his masterpiece and represents the highest achievement of Ottoman architecture.
Xanthos-Letoon Xanthos Roman Theatre 2019.jpg TurAntalya and Muğla Provinces
36°20′06″N 29°19′13″E / 36.33500°N 29.32028°E / 36.33500; 29.32028
126 (310) 1988 The site consists of two neighboring settlements. Xanthos, the centre of the Lycian civilization, exerted significant architectural influences upon other cities of the region, with the Nereid Monument directly inspiring the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus in Caria. Letoon, an important religious centre in Lycia, hosts the Letoon trilingual, which provided the key in deciphering the long-extinct Lycian language.

See also

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