Latin letters used in mathematics, science, and engineering (Redirected from List of mathematical uses of Latin letters)

Many letters of the Latin alphabet, both capital and small, are used in mathematics, science, and engineering to denote by convention specific or abstracted constants, variables of a certain type, units, multipliers, or physical entities. Certain letters, when combined with special formatting, take on special meaning.

Below is an alphabetical list of the letters of the alphabet with some of their uses. The field in which the convention applies is mathematics unless otherwise noted.

Typographical variation

Some common conventions:

Typographical variations of Latin letters in Unicode
Name Sub-type Alphabet
Double-struck Mathematical ๐”ธ ๐”น โ„‚ ๐”ป ๐”ผ ๐”ฝ ๐”พ โ„ ๐•€ ๐• ๐•‚ ๐•ƒ ๐•„ โ„• ๐•† โ„™ โ„š โ„ ๐•Š ๐•‹ ๐•Œ ๐• ๐•Ž ๐• ๐• โ„ค
๐•’ ๐•“ ๐•” ๐•• ๐•– ๐•— ๐•˜ ๐•™ ๐•š ๐•› ๐•œ ๐• ๐•ž ๐•Ÿ ๐•  ๐•ก ๐•ข ๐•ฃ ๐•ค ๐•ฅ ๐•ฆ ๐•ง ๐•จ ๐•ฉ ๐•ช ๐•ซ
Italic โ…† โ…‡ โ…ˆ โ…‰ โ……
Script/Calligraphy Mathematical ๐’œ โ„ฌ ๐’ž ๐’Ÿ โ„ฐ โ„ฑ ๐’ข โ„‹ โ„ ๐’ฅ ๐’ฆ โ„’ โ„ณ ๐’ฉ ๐’ช ๐’ซ ๐’ฌ โ„› ๐’ฎ ๐’ฏ ๐’ฐ ๐’ฑ ๐’ฒ ๐’ณ ๐’ด ๐’ต
๐’ถ ๐’ท ๐’ธ ๐’น โ„ฏ ๐’ป โ„Š ๐’ฝ ๐’พ ๐’ฟ ๐“€ ๐“ ๐“‚ ๐“ƒ โ„ด ๐“… ๐“† ๐“‡ ๐“ˆ ๐“‰ ๐“Š ๐“‹ ๐“Œ ๐“ ๐“Ž ๐“
Mathematical Bold ๐“ ๐“‘ ๐“’ ๐““ ๐“” ๐“• ๐“– ๐“— ๐“˜ ๐“™ ๐“š ๐“› ๐“œ ๐“ ๐“ž ๐“Ÿ ๐“  ๐“ก ๐“ข ๐“ฃ ๐“ค ๐“ฅ ๐“ฆ ๐“ง ๐“จ ๐“ฉ
๐“ช ๐“ซ ๐“ฌ ๐“ญ ๐“ฎ ๐“ฏ ๐“ฐ ๐“ฑ ๐“ฒ ๐“ณ ๐“ด ๐“ต ๐“ถ ๐“ท ๐“ธ ๐“น ๐“บ ๐“ป ๐“ผ ๐“ฝ ๐“พ ๐“ฟ ๐”€ ๐” ๐”‚ ๐”ƒ
Fraktur Mathematical ๐”„ ๐”… โ„ญ ๐”‡ ๐”ˆ ๐”‰ ๐”Š โ„Œ โ„‘ ๐” ๐”Ž ๐” ๐” ๐”‘ ๐”’ ๐”“ ๐”” โ„œ ๐”– ๐”— ๐”˜ ๐”™ ๐”š ๐”› ๐”œ โ„จ
๐”ž ๐”Ÿ ๐”  ๐”ก ๐”ข ๐”ฃ ๐”ค ๐”ฅ ๐”ฆ ๐”ง ๐”จ ๐”ฉ ๐”ช ๐”ซ ๐”ฌ ๐”ญ ๐”ฎ ๐”ฏ ๐”ฐ ๐”ฑ ๐”ฒ ๐”ณ ๐”ด ๐”ต ๐”ถ ๐”ท
Mathematical Bold ๐•ฌ ๐•ญ ๐•ฎ ๐•ฏ ๐•ฐ ๐•ฑ ๐•ฒ ๐•ณ ๐•ด ๐•ต ๐•ถ ๐•ท ๐•ธ ๐•น ๐•บ ๐•ป ๐•ผ ๐•ฝ ๐•พ ๐•ฟ ๐–€ ๐– ๐–‚ ๐–ƒ ๐–„ ๐–…
๐–† ๐–‡ ๐–ˆ ๐–‰ ๐–Š ๐–‹ ๐–Œ ๐– ๐–Ž ๐–๐– ๐–‘ ๐–’ ๐–“ ๐–” ๐–• ๐–– ๐–— ๐–˜ ๐–™ ๐–š ๐–› ๐–œ ๐– ๐–ž ๐–Ÿ
Mono-space Mathematical ๐™ฐ ๐™ฑ ๐™ฒ ๐™ณ ๐™ด ๐™ต ๐™ถ ๐™ท ๐™ธ ๐™น ๐™บ ๐™ป ๐™ผ ๐™ฝ ๐™พ ๐™ฟ ๐š€ ๐š ๐š‚ ๐šƒ ๐š„ ๐š… ๐š† ๐š‡ ๐šˆ ๐š‰
๐šŠ ๐š‹ ๐šŒ ๐š ๐šŽ ๐š ๐š ๐š‘ ๐š’ ๐š“ ๐š” ๐š• ๐š– ๐š— ๐š˜ ๐š™ ๐šš ๐š› ๐šœ ๐š ๐šž ๐šŸ ๐š  ๐šก ๐šข ๐šฃ






  • E represents:
  • e represents:
    • Euler's number, a transcendental number equal to 2.71828182845... which is used as the base for natural logarithms
    • a vector of unit length, especially in the direction of one of the coordinates axes
    • the elementary charge in physics
    • an electron, usually denoted eโˆ’ to distinguish against a positron e+
    • the eccentricity of a conic section
    • the identity element in a group
    • In a cartesian coordinate system, a unit vector in notations like , or





  • i represents:
    • the imaginary unit, a complex number that is the square root of โˆ’1
    • Imaginary quaternion unit
    • a subscript to denote the ith term (that is, a general term or index) in a sequence or list
    • the index to the elements of a vector, written as a subscript after the vector name
    • the index to the rows of a matrix, written as the first subscript after the matrix name
    • an index of summation using the sigma notation
    • the unit vector in Cartesian coordinates going in the x-direction, usually bold i


















See also

This page was last updated at 2024-04-18 10:23 UTC. Update now. View original page.

All our content comes from Wikipedia and under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.


If mathematical, chemical, physical and other formulas are not displayed correctly on this page, please useFirefox or Safari