List of recumbent stone circles

Recumbent stone circles are found in Aberdeenshire in northeast Scotland. Their most striking characteristic is that in the general direction of south-southwest there is a large stone lying on its side with its length lining up with the perimeter of the circle. Thought to have been from the Bronze Age, their unusual design, and the possibility of being associated with astronomical observations, has attracted several surveys starting at the beginning of the 20th century.

In 2011 the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland published an authoritative book on this type of monument and produced an online gazetteer. Since publication, two other recumbent stone circles have been identified by archaeologists.

Surveys including recumbent stone circles

Easter Aquorthies stone circle showing the recumbent stone and two flankers

The particular characteristic of recumbent stone circles is that, as well as being a ring of upright stones (orthostats), they have a large stone lying on its side along the perimeter of the circle towards south to southwest. On both sides are particularly tall orthostats. The recumbent stone and flankers, as they are called, together form the recumbent setting. Around the ring the orthostats get progressively lower in height and more closely spaced until they reach the opposite side from the setting. These stone circles contain a low central ring cairn surrounded by comparatively small kerb stones.[1][2]

Coles' plan of Easter Aquhorthies stone circle, 1900

Thought to have been built in the Bronze Age, over the millennia many of these circles have become ruinous, being particularly vulnerable in the 18th and 19th centuries due to agricultural improvement, so many stones have fallen or been taken away and, indeed, only about half of the circles show any signs of a cairn without archaeological excavation.[3]

As early as 1527 Hector Boece was writing about the stone circles in Scottorum Historia.[1][4] Until the mid 19th century these circles, when they were noticed at all, were spoken of as being "Druidical Temples" or similar epithets and it was Frederick Coles who was the first person to carry out a systematic survey which he published in an annual series of papers from 1900 to 1907 in the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.[5][note 1] Although Coles was careful and cautious in his identifications, he sometimes made misidentifications of circles in a ruinous condition.[6][7] Somewhat similar stone circles were later found in the far southwest of Ireland where they were originally called recumbent stone circles until significant differences led to them becoming called "Cork–Kerry stone circles" and later axial stone circles.[8][9]

OpenStreetMap display of recumbent circles (all but two in Aberdeenshire)

As part of their wider interest in northern European stone circles, the northeast Scotland circles attracted Alexander Thom, Aubrey Burl and Clive Ruggles who catalogued them as part of their investigations into whether the recumbent setting could in some way be shown to have an astronomical significance.[note 2][10] Those identified as recumbent stone circles all were found in the traditional counties of Aberdeenshire (historic county) and Kincardineshire (with a very few just over the borders into Angus, and Banffshire).[11] In current terms except for two they are all in the Aberdeenshire council area.[12] In 2011 the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS) published an authoritative book, Welfare (2011), on recumbent stone circles specifically.[13][14] The RCAHMS also issued an online gazetteer giving details of each monument that listed 71 as confirmed being recumbent[15] and another 85 as not belonging in this category.[16][17]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML

List of circles categorised as recumbent by RCAHMS

List of circles categorised as recumbent
No.
[n 1]
Name,
parish
[n 2]
Condition
Stones: S+F/T
[n 3]
Code
[n 4]
Diameter (metre)
[n 5]
Axis
[n 6]
Burl
refs.
[n 7]
Canmore
map/ ID
Grid ref[n 8]
Lat/ Long
[n 9]
1 Aikey Brae,
Old Deer[18]
ruin
5+5/11
wRE 16.5x15 185.5° Ab90
Ab1
NJ94NE 4
20571
NJ958470
Aikey Brae Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 1774962 (cropped).jpg 57°30′50″N 2°04′13″W / 57.51398°N 2.07041°W / 57.51398; -2.07041 (Aikey Brae)
2 Aquhorthies, Banchory-Devenick[19] good
15+0/18
WR_ 25x23.5 174° Ki165
Ki2
[n 10]
NO99NW 1
37186
NO901963
Aquhorthies Recumbent Stone Circle (3) (geograph 4551791).jpg 57°03′29″N 2°09′49″W / 57.05801°N 2.16351°W / 57.05801; -2.16351 (Aquhorthies)
3 Ardlair, Kennethmont[20] ruin
5+3/9
WRE 11 159° Ab91
Ab2
NJ52NE 4
17641
NJ552279
Ardlair Recumbent Stone Circle (6) (geograph 4712192).jpg 57°20′23″N 2°44′41″W / 57.33978°N 2.74472°W / 57.33978; -2.74472 (Ardlair)
4 Ardtannes Cottages, Inverurie[21] gone
0+0/?
___ -
NJ72SE 34
18906
NJ757204
Site of Ardtannes Cottages Recumbent Stone Circle (geograph 4799781).jpg 57°16′25″N 2°24′12″W / 57.27369°N 2.40327°W / 57.27369; -2.40327 (Ardtannes Cottages)
5 Auchlee, Banchory-Devenick ruin
25+5/13
_R_ 20
Ki1
NO89NE 4
37069
NO890968
Auchlee Recumbent Stone Circle (5) (geograph 4551903).jpg 57°03′46″N 2°10′56″W / 57.06284°N 2.18233°W / 57.06284; -2.18233 (Auchlee)
6 Auchmachar, Old Deer[18] gone
3+2/9
wrE 15
Ab4
NJ95SW 11
20746
NJ948502
Remains Auchmachar Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 901707.jpg 57°32′32″N 2°05′16″W / 57.54226°N 2.08784°W / 57.54226; -2.08784 (Auchmachar)
7 Auchmaliddie, New Deer[18] gone
0+2/?
wr_ -
Ab5
NJ84SE 1
19879
NJ881448
Auchmaliddie Recumbent Stone Circle (3) (geograph 4468345).jpg 57°29′37″N 2°11′58″W / 57.49363°N 2.19932°W / 57.49363; -2.19932 (Auchmaliddie)
8 Balnacraig, Lumphanan[19] gone
3+2/13or14
_R_ 29 224°
Ab8
NJ60SW 5
18024
NJ603035
Balnacraig Recumbent Stone Circle (3) (geograph 4955883) (cropped).jpg 57°07′16″N 2°39′24″W / 57.12099°N 2.65676°W / 57.12099; -2.65676 (Balnacraig)
9 Balquhain, Chapel of Garioch[22] ruin
6+4/14
WR_ 21 190° Ab94
Ab9
NJ72SW 2
18989
NJ735240
Inveramsay stone circle (geograph 3085989).jpg 57°18′24″N 2°26′29″W / 57.30653°N 2.44147°W / 57.30653; -2.44147 (Balquhain)
10 Bankhead, Clatt[20] gone
0+1/10+
___ 23
Ab27
NJ52NW 25
17663
NJ529269
Bankhead, Clatt, plan of recumbent stone, Coles, 1902 (cropped).png 57°19′51″N 2°47′00″W / 57.33092°N 2.78341°W / 57.33092; -2.78341 (Bankhead)
11 Bellman's Wood, Marnoch[23] gone
0+2/?
___ 6.9[24]
Ba1
NJ65SW 4
18427
NJ604504
Bellmans Wood Recumbent Stone Circle (2) (geograph 4743220).jpg 57°32′31″N 2°39′44″W / 57.54208°N 2.66215°W / 57.54208; -2.66215 (Bellman's Wood)
12 Berrybrae, Lonmay[18] ruin
5+0/10
WRE 13x10.7[25] 231° Ab95
Ab10
NK05NW 2
21099
NK027571
Berrybrae Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 245257.jpg 57°36′16″N 1°57′20″W / 57.60444°N 1.95563°W / 57.60444; -1.95563 (Berrybrae)
13 Binghill, Peterculter[19] gone
3+5/10+
wRe 11.3 187°
Ab11
NJ80SE 16
19377
NJ855023
Binghill Recumbent Stone Circle (4) (geograph 4452923).jpg 57°06′43″N 2°14′26″W / 57.11206°N 2.24069°W / 57.11206; -2.24069 (Binghill)
14 Blue Cairn of Ladieswell, Logie Coldstone ruin
3+5/10
_R_ 23 207°
Ab12
NJ40NW 4
17000
NJ411063
Blue Cairn of Ladieswell (7) (geograph 4951460).jpg 57°08′39″N 2°58′28″W / 57.14407°N 2.97446°W / 57.14407; -2.97446 (Blue Cairn of Ladieswell)
15 Braehead, Leslie[20] gone
1+0/?
_R_ -
Ab14
NJ52NE 6
17643
NJ592255
Braehead Recumbent Stone Circle (1) (geograph 4729412).jpg 57°19′08″N 2°40′41″W / 57.31877°N 2.67805°W / 57.31877; -2.67805 (Braehead)
16 Cairn Riv,[26][n 11] Inverkeithny gone
2+0/?
_R_ 30+?
Ab20
NJ64NE 4
18323
NJ674465
Carlin Stone (geograph 4366278).jpg 57°30′30″N 2°32′42″W / 57.50833°N 2.54504°W / 57.50833; -2.54504 (Cairn Riv)
17 Cairnton, Forgue gone
2+0/?
WR_ -
Ab22
NJ54SE 1
17855
NJ585446
Cairnton Recumbent Stone Circle (6) (geograph 4743341).jpg 57°29′25″N 2°41′33″W / 57.49036°N 2.6924°W / 57.49036; -2.6924 (Cairnton)
18 Candle Hill, Insch[20] ruin
1+7/9or10
wre 15.5 163.5°
Ab23
NJ52NE 10
17615
NJ599299
Candle Hill Recumbent Stone Circle (5) (geograph 4452210).jpg 57°21′30″N 2°40′05″W / 57.35844°N 2.66798°W / 57.35844; -2.66798 (Candle Hill)
19 Castle Fraser, Cluny[22] good
7+3/10
WRE 20.5 203° Ab97
Ab25
NJ71SW 3
18719
NJ715125
Castle Fraser Recumbent Stone Circle (4) (geograph 4834164).jpg 57°12′10″N 2°28′24″W / 57.20266°N 2.47333°W / 57.20266; -2.47333 (Castle Fraser)
20 The Cloch, Benholm unc.
1+0/?
_R_ -
Ki6
NO76NE 1
36304
NO781679
The Cloch Recumbent Stone Circle (1) (geograph 5176735).jpg 56°48′09″N 2°21′36″W / 56.80247°N 2.35987°W / 56.80247; -2.35987 (Cloch)
21 Clune Wood, Durris[19] ruin
7+2/9
WRE 17.5x16.7 183°
Ki18
[n 12]
NO79SE 2
36696
NO794949
Clune Wood Recumbent Stone Circle (2) (geograph 4492692).jpg 57°02′43″N 2°20′24″W / 57.04517°N 2.34013°W / 57.04517; -2.34013 (Clune Wood)
22 Colmeallie, Edzell[n 13] gone
7+6/14
_rE 17 202.5°
An7
NO57NE 3
35145
NO565781
Colmeallie Recumbent Stone Circle (7) (geograph 4929022).jpg 56°53′33″N 2°42′53″W / 56.8924°N 2.71479°W / 56.8924; -2.71479 (Colmeallie)
23 Corrie Cairn, Tullynessle and Forbes unc.
2+0/?
_R_ 18.9?[24]
Ab30
NJ52SE 13
17683
NJ552205
Corrie Cairn Recumbent Stone Circle (2) (geograph 4712713).jpg 57°16′23″N 2°44′39″W / 57.27312°N 2.74421°W / 57.27312; -2.74421 (Corrie Cairn)
24 Corrstone Wood, Auchindoir and Kearn[20] gone
1+6/17+
Wre 28
Ab31
NJ52NW 2
17657
NJ510271
Corrstone Wood Recumbent Stone Circle (1) (geograph 4711812).jpg 57°19′55″N 2°48′55″W / 57.33188°N 2.81532°W / 57.33188; -2.81532 (Corrstone Wood)
25 Corrydown, Auchterless[26] ruin
1+6/?
wR_ 23 186°
Ab32
NJ74SW 11
19197
NJ706444
Corrydown Recumbent Stone Circle (2) (geograph 4423393).jpg 57°29′22″N 2°29′27″W / 57.48942°N 2.49071°W / 57.48942; -2.49071 (Corrydown)
26 Cothiemuir Wood, Keig[22] ruin
7+1/13-
WRE 20 200° Ab98
Ab34
NJ61NW 1
18055
NJ617198
Cothiemuir Wood Recumbent Stone Circle (2) (geograph 4729704).jpg 57°16′02″N 2°38′11″W / 57.26725°N 2.63648°W / 57.26725; -2.63648 (Cothiemuir Wood)
27 Druidstone, Premnay ruin
5+6/?
w_e 14.5 199°
Ab42
NJ62SW 4
18213
NJ615221
Druidstone Recumbent Stone Circle (5) (geograph 4729654).jpg 57°17′19″N 2°38′23″W / 57.2887°N 2.63984°W / 57.2887; -2.63984 (Druidstone)
28 Dunnideer, Insch[20] gone
3+0/?
WRE -
Ab44
NJ62NW 4
18161
NJ608284
Dunnideer Remnants of Recumbent Stone Circle.JPG 57°20′41″N 2°39′07″W / 57.34478°N 2.65194°W / 57.34478; -2.65194 (Dunnideer)
29 Easter Aquhorthies, Inverurie[n 14] good
12+0/12
WRE 20x18.5 195.5° Ab102
Ab46
NJ72SW 12
18981
NJ732207
Aquhorthies Stones (geograph 5301208).jpg 57°16′37″N 2°26′44″W / 57.27696°N 2.44559°W / 57.27696; -2.44559 (Easter Aquhorthies)
30 Eslie the Greater, Banchory-Ternan[19] ruin
9+0/12
WRE 24 176° Ki169
Ki11
NO79SW 2
36714
NO717915
Eslie the Greater Recumbent Stone Circle (5) (geograph 4446221).jpg 57°00′52″N 2°28′03″W / 57.01458°N 2.46748°W / 57.01458; -2.46748 (Eslie the Greater)
31 Frendraught, Forgue[27] gone
1+7/?
_R_ 22x20
Ab50
NJ64SW 6
18370
NJ610428
Frendraught Recumbent Stone Circle (1) (geograph 4743350).jpg 57°28′27″N 2°39′01″W / 57.47423°N 2.65041°W / 57.47423; -2.65041 (Frendraught)
32 Gaval, Old Deer[18] gone
1+0/?
___ -
Ab53
NJ95SE 3
20734
NJ980515
Gaval Recumbent Stone Circle (2) (geograph 4468812).jpg 57°33′13″N 2°02′03″W / 57.5536°N 2.03422°W / 57.5536; -2.03422 (Gaval)
33 The Gray Stone of Clochforbie, King Edward[18] gone
0+1/?
_r_ -
Ab28
NJ75NE 1
19227
NJ796586
The Gray Stone of Clochforbie (2) (geograph 4467826).jpg 57°37′02″N 2°20′30″W / 57.61719°N 2.34178°W / 57.61719; -2.34178 (Gray Stone of Clochforbie)
34 Hatton of Ardoyne, Oyne[22] good
5+4/13+
_RE 27x25 219.5°
Ab59
NJ62NE 7
18125
NJ659267
Hatton of Ardoyne Recumbent Stone Circle (2) (geograph 4452825).jpg 57°19′48″N 2°34′00″W / 57.3301°N 2.56665°W / 57.3301; -2.56665 (Hatton of Ardoyne)
35 Hill of Fiddes, Foveran[20] gone
2+0/10
WR_ 14
Ab61
NJ92SW 1
20401
NJ935243
Hill of Fiddes Recumbent Stone Circle (3) (geograph 5014018).jpg 57°18′34″N 2°06′34″W / 57.30941°N 2.10952°W / 57.30941; -2.10952 (Hill of Fiddes)
36 Hill of Milleath, Cairnie[23] gone
0+0/?[n 15]
___ 23.7
Ab54
[n 16]
NJ44SE 9
17326
NJ467429
Site of Hill of Milleath Recumbent Stone Circle (geograph 4883773).jpg 57°28′25″N 2°53′20″W / 57.47359°N 2.88884°W / 57.47359; -2.88884 (Hill of Milleath)
37 Inschfield, Insch[20] gone
1+2/?
_rE 23.5
Ab67
NJ62NW 6
18167
NJ623293
Inschfield Stone Circle with Dunnideer behind - geograph.org.uk - 929294.jpg 57°21′11″N 2°37′40″W / 57.35299°N 2.62766°W / 57.35299; -2.62766 (Inschfield)
38 Kirkton of Bourtie, Bourtie[20] ruin
5+0/10or11
_RE 22 Ab105
Ab68
NJ8ZSW 2
19708
NJ800248
Kirkton of Bourtie stone circle cropped.jpg 57°18′51″N 2°19′56″W / 57.31405°N 2.33216°W / 57.31405; -2.33216 (Kirkton of Bourtie)
39 Loanend, Premnay[22] gone
2+0/?
_R_ 25
Ab70
NJ62SW 1
18190
NJ604242
Loanend Recumbent Stone Circle (4) (geograph 4729461).jpg 57°18′24″N 2°39′27″W / 57.30676°N 2.65741°W / 57.30676; -2.65741 (Loanend)
40 Loanhead of Daviot, Daviot[20] good
11+0/11
WRE 21 200° Ab106
Ab71
NJ72NW 1
18789
NJ747288
Loanhead of Daviot.jpg 57°20′58″N 2°25′15″W / 57.34945°N 2.42088°W / 57.34945; -2.42088 (Loanhead of Daviot)
41 Loudon Wood, Old Deer[28] ruin
4+3/10or11
WRe 19.6x17.5 194° Ab108
Ab74
NJ94NE 1
20538
NJ960497
Loudon Wood Recumbent Stone Circle (3) (geograph 4468451).jpg 57°32′16″N 2°04′01″W / 57.53769°N 2.06695°W / 57.53769; -2.06695 (Loudon Wood)
42 Mains of Hatton, Auchterless[26] ruin
2+7/12+
_R_ 23x21 165°
Ab75
NJ64SE 6
18357
NJ699425
Mains of Hatton Recumbent Stone Circle (11) (geograph 4743380).jpg 57°28′20″N 2°30′11″W / 57.47212°N 2.50299°W / 57.47212; -2.50299 (Mains of Hatton)
43 Midmar Kirk, Midmar OK
8+0/11
WRE 17 231° Ab109
Ab78
NJ60NE 3
18001
NJ699064
Midmar stone circle. - geograph.org.uk - 74032.jpg 57°08′54″N 2°29′54″W / 57.14831°N 2.49842°W / 57.14831; -2.49842 (Midmar Kirk)
44 Millplough, Arbuthnott[26] gone
1+0/?
_R_ 20-
Ki15
NO87NW 6
36819
NO819754
Millplough Recumbent Stone Circle (1) (geograph 5176813).jpg 56°52′12″N 2°17′54″W / 56.87001°N 2.29835°W / 56.87001; -2.29835 (Millplough)
45 Montgoldrum,
The Camp, Arbuthnott[26]
gone
3+2/?
_r_ 23 179°
Ki5
[n 17]
NO87NW 5
36818
NO816772
Montgoldrum Recumbent Stone Circle (10) (geograph 5176948).jpg 56°53′09″N 2°18′09″W / 56.88581°N 2.30258°W / 56.88581; -2.30258 (Montgoldrum)
46 Nether Dumeath, Glass[23] gone
2+4/12
___ 11
Ab85
NJ43NW 7
17280
NJ425378
Nether Dumeath Recumbent Stone Circle (geograph 4838847).jpg 57°25′39″N 2°57′31″W / 57.42744°N 2.95866°W / 57.42744; -2.95866 (Nether Dumeath)
47 Netherton of Logie, Crimond[18] ruin
11+17/15?
WRE 17 185°
Ab86
NK05NW 3
21100
NK043572
Netherton of Logie Recumbent Stone Circle (7) (geograph 4469161).jpg 57°36′18″N 1°55′44″W / 57.60497°N 1.92902°W / 57.60497; -1.92902 (Netherton of Logie)
48 New Craig, Daviot[20] gone
4+1/?
WRE 22+
Ab87
NJ72NW 3
18811
NJ745296
Recumbent Stone - geograph.org.uk - 507718.jpg 57°21′24″N 2°25′29″W / 57.35671°N 2.42462°W / 57.35671; -2.42462 (New Craig)
49 The Nine Stanes, Garrol, Banchory-Ternan[19] ruin
9+1/11
Wre 18.5x15.5 157.5° Ki171
Ki13
[n 18]
NO79SW 8
36748
NO723912
The Nine Stanes Recumbent Stone Circle (6) (geograph 4444540).jpg 57°00′41″N 2°27′26″W / 57.01129°N 2.45723°W / 57.01129; -2.45723 (Nine Stanes)
50 North Strone, Alford[20] good
5+13/18
wrE 18.5 180° Ab110
Ab88
NJ51SE 2
17588
NJ584138
North Strone stone circle, Coles, 1902.png 57°12′50″N 2°41′23″W / 57.21388°N 2.6897°W / 57.21388; -2.6897 (North Strone)
51 Old Keig, Keig ruin
4+4/?
WRE 27 212.5° Ab111
Ab89
NJ51NE 2
17530
NJ596193
Old Keig Recumbent Stone Circle (7) (geograph 4729775).jpg 57°15′48″N 2°40′14″W / 57.26339°N 2.67057°W / 57.26339; -2.67057 (Old Keig)
52 Old Kirk of Tough, Cluny[20] ruin
2+0/11?
___ 25?
Ab6
NJ60NW 1
18006
NJ625092
Old Kirk o Tough Recumbent Stone Circle (7) (geograph 4955986).jpg 57°10′22″N 2°37′18″W / 57.17282°N 2.62179°W / 57.17282; -2.62179 (Old Kirk of Tough)
53 Old Rayne, Rayne[20] ruin
1+7/10+
___ 26.5? 195° Ab112
Ab90
NJ62NE 1
18081
NJ679279
Old Rayne Recumbent Stone Circle (14) (geograph 4440325).jpg 57°20′28″N 2°32′01″W / 57.34121°N 2.53359°W / 57.34121; -2.53359 (Old Rayne)
54 Pitglassie, Auchterless[26] ruin
1+1/12-
_R_ 18
Ab91
NJ64SE 8
18359
NJ686434
Pitglassie Recumbent Stone Circle (2) (geograph 4423622).jpg 57°28′50″N 2°31′30″W / 57.48048°N 2.52495°W / 57.48048; -2.52495 (Pitglassie)
55 Potterton, Belhelvie[27] gone
1+2/?
wRe -
Ab92
NJ91NE 7
20294
NJ952163
Temple Stones, Potterton - geograph.org.uk - 1174622 (cropped).jpg 57°14′17″N 2°04′47″W / 57.23793°N 2.07965°W / 57.23793; -2.07965 (Potterton)
56 The Ringing Stone, Cairnie[20] gone
1+5/?
_R_ 18.3[24] 188.5° Ab92
Ab3
[n 19]
NJ54NW 12
17827
NJ531454
The Ringing Stane Recumbent Stone Circle (3) (geograph 4742653).jpg 57°29′49″N 2°46′59″W / 57.49683°N 2.78312°W / 57.49683; -2.78312 (Ringing Stone)
57 Rothiemay, Rothiemay[26][n 20] ruin
5+0/12or14
_R_ 28 216.5° Ba134
Ba13
NJ54NE 6
20294
NJ550487
The Stone Circle at Rothiemay - geograph.org.uk - 747128 (cropped).jpg 57°31′35″N 2°45′06″W / 57.5264°N 2.7517°W / 57.5264; -2.7517 (Rothiemay)
58 St Brandan's Stanes, Boyndie[23] gone
2+3/?
W_E -
Ba14
NJ66SW 1
18495
NJ607610
St Brandan's Stanes - geograph.org.uk - 686257.jpg 57°38′16″N 2°39′33″W / 57.63767°N 2.65903°W / 57.63767; -2.65903 (St Brandan's Stanes)
59 South Fornet, Skene[20] ruin
2+6/?
W_E 26.8[24]
Ab100
NJ71SE 1
18687
NJ782109
South Fornet Recumbent Stone Circle (2) (geograph 4604088).jpg 57°11′20″N 2°21′39″W / 57.18902°N 2.36081°W / 57.18902; -2.36081 (South Fornet)
60 South Ley Lodge, Kintore[20] gone
3+0/?
WRE 16.5? or 29.6?
Ab101
NJ71SE 3
18705
NJ766132
South Leylodge Recumbent Stone Circle (1) (geograph 4834055).jpg 57°12′34″N 2°23′16″W / 57.20942°N 2.38783°W / 57.20942; -2.38783 (South Ley Lodge)
61 Stonehead, Insch ruin
3+0/?
WRE 19x16?[24]
Ab103
NJ62NW 5
18166
NJ601286
Stonehead Recumbent Stone Circle (3) (geograph 4452270).jpg 57°20′49″N 2°39′53″W / 57.34696°N 2.66461°W / 57.34696; -2.66461 (Stonehead)
62 Strichen House, Strichen[18][n 21] OK
9+1/10
WRE 15.4x12.8 161° Ab116
Ab105
NJ95SW 2
20754
NJ936544
Strichen House Recumbent Stone Circle (4) (geograph 4468664).jpg 57°34′49″N 2°06′27″W / 57.58024°N 2.10749°W / 57.58024; -2.10749 (Strichen House)
63 Sunhoney, Midmar[28] good
11+1/12
WrE 25 231° Ab117
Ab106
NJ70NW 55
18543
NJ715057
Sunhoney,Recumbent Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 1056436.jpg 57°08′29″N 2°28′16″W / 57.14132°N 2.47106°W / 57.14132; -2.47106 (Sunhoney)
64 Tillyfourie, Monymusk[22] ruin
4+9/13
WRe 20 203°
Ab120
[n 22]
NJ61SW 3
18074
NJ643135
Whitehill Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 1204273.jpg 57°12′39″N 2°35′33″W / 57.21087°N 2.59247°W / 57.21087; -2.59247 (Tillyfourie)
65 Tilquhillie, Banchory-Ternan[29] gone
1+1/?
___ -
Ki19
NO79SW 10
36704
NO725940
Tilquhillie Recumbent Stone Circle (3) (geograph 4844789).jpg 57°02′11″N 2°27′17″W / 57.03627°N 2.45473°W / 57.03627; -2.45473 (Tilquhillie)
66 Tomnagorn, Midmar[19] ruin
7+5/12
WRE 21 202.5° Ab118
Ab108
NJ60NE 1
17999
NJ651077
Tamnagorn Recumbent Stone Circle (3) (geograph 4447581).jpg 57°09′33″N 2°34′41″W / 57.15928°N 2.57792°W / 57.15928; -2.57792 (Tomnagorn)
67 Tomnaverie, Coull[28] OK[n 23]
11+0/13
wre[n 24] 17 235.5° Ab119
Ab109
NJ40SE 1
17006
NJ486034
Tomnaverie Stone Circle view Lochnagar.jpg 57°07′10″N 2°50′59″W / 57.11947°N 2.84962°W / 57.11947; -2.84962 (Tomnaverie)
68 Tyrebagger, Dyce[19] good
10+1/11
WRE 18.5 178.5° Ab101
Ab45
[n 25]
NJ40SE 11
19513
NJ859132
Tyrebagger Recumbent Stone Circle (2) (geograph 4844309).jpg 57°12′34″N 2°14′03″W / 57.20944°N 2.23421°W / 57.20944; -2.23421 (Tyrebagger)
69 Wantonwells, Insch[20] gone
1+1/?
_Re -
Ab115
NJ62NW 2
18139
NJ618272
Wantonwells Recumbent Stone Circle (3) (geograph 4452798).jpg 57°20′04″N 2°38′06″W / 57.33454°N 2.63499°W / 57.33454; -2.63499 (Wantonwells)
70 Wester Echt, Echt[19] ruin
3+0/?
W__ 23
Ab118
NJ70NW 2
18534
NJ738083
Wester Echt Recumbent Stone Circle (3) (geograph 4493708).jpg 57°09′55″N 2°26′02″W / 57.16516°N 2.43399°W / 57.16516; -2.43399 (Wester Echt)
71 Yonder Bognie, Forgue[26] ruin
6+3/12-
WRe 22x18 182.5° Ab122
Ab122
NJ64NW 15
18335
NJ600457
Yonder Bognie Recumbent Stone Circle (3) (geograph 4743288).jpg 57°30′01″N 2°40′05″W / 57.50037°N 2.66807°W / 57.50037; -2.66807 (Yonder Bognie)

Recently classified recumbent stone circles

Coles' sketch of Nether Coullie, 1901

In 2013 a site at Hillhead was excavated and found to be a recumbent stone circle. The site had been noticed in 1998 but was thought to have been the location of the remains of a roundhouse. The excavation uncovered the sockets for two flankers and a depression in the ground where the recumbent probably lay.[31][32] Nether Coullie stone circle was listed in the 2011 RCAHS gazetteer as not being a recumbent stone circle but following careful inspection of archive records and another site inspection it was reclassified in 2015.[33][34] Other stone circles investigated recently, but which have found to be modern, include Mill of Birkenbower and Holmhead.[35][36]

No. Name,
parish
[n 2]
Condition
Stones: S+F/T
[n 3]
Code
[n 4]
Diameter (metre)
[n 5]
Axis
[n 6]
Burl
refs.
[n 7]
Canmore
map/ ID
Grid ref[n 8]
Lat/ Long
[n 9]
- Hillhead,[31]
Tarland
gone
0+1/?[n 26]
___[n 26] 26[32] 237°[32]
-
NJ50NW 61
138717
NJ507071
Junction of tracks to Alamein and Pett - geograph.org.uk - 877943.jpg 57°09′09″N 2°48′58″W / 57.15248°N 2.81618°W / 57.15248; -2.81618 (Hillhead)
Ap1, 65[n 27] Nether Coullie,[n 27]
Monymusk[22]
gone
0+1/?[n 28]
___[n 28] 24[24]
Ab84
NJ71NW 11
18657
NJ709156
Nether Coullie Recumbent Stone Circle (2) (geograph 5501900).jpg 57°13′50″N 2°28′56″W / 57.23056°N 2.482317°W / 57.23056; -2.482317 (Nether Coullie)

See also

Notes for table

  1. ^ Numbers are those of Welfare (2011a).
  2. ^ a b From Welfare (2011a). All are in the current Aberdeenshire council area except the two otherwise noted.
  3. ^ a b Condition: condition from Burl (2000, Gazetteer). Burl classifies the sites as follows 1 (good) = Good, worth visiting; 2 (OK) = Good but restored; 3 (ruin) = Ruined but recognisable; 4 (gone) = Destroyed or unrecognisable; 5 (unc.) = Uncertain.
    S+F/T: Number of stones Standing + number Fallen or mere stumps / Total number originally. Details from Welfare (2011a, Appendix 3) for standing and fallen and Welfare (2011a, Individual site entry in gazetteer) for original total.
  4. ^ a b Code for status of recumbent setting. W/w refers to west flanker, R/r to recumbent and E/e to east flanker. Upper case means standing, lower case means fallen, — means missing. Details from Welfare (2011a, Gazetteer entry for each circle) unless otherwise noted.
  5. ^ a b Diameters from Welfare (2011a) except where otherwise noted. Maximum and minimum given when oval.
  6. ^ a b Azimuth of the axis from centre of circle and over centre of recumbent stone from Ruggles (1984, Table 2). South is 180°, southwest is 225°.
  7. ^ a b Reference numbers are those of Burl (1995) and later edition and Burl (2000). In both books the entries are divided by traditional county (Ab=Aberdeenshire, An=Angus, Ba=Banffshire, Ki=Kincardinshire).
  8. ^ a b Canmore site reference and OS grid reference from Welfare (2011a), grid references truncated from 8 to 6 figures.
  9. ^ a b Converted from 8-figure OS grid reference.
  10. ^ Burl calls Aquhorthies "Auchquhorthies".
  11. ^ Cairn Riv also called Carlin stone.
  12. ^ Burl calls Clune Wood "Raes o’Clune".
  13. ^ Colmeallie, Edzell is in the traditional county and council area of Angus
  14. ^ Coles calls Easter Aquhorthies "Auchquhorthies, Manar."[22]
  15. ^ In 1905 Coles found the circle had been completely destroyed in about 1875.[23]
  16. ^ Burl calls Milleath "Gingomyres"
  17. ^ Burl calls Montgoldrum "The Camp".
  18. ^ Burl calls Nine Stanes "Garrol Wood".
  19. ^ Burl calls Ringing Stone "Arnhill".
  20. ^ Rothiemay is in the council area of Moray.
  21. ^ Strichen House has been wholly reconstructed.
  22. ^ Burl calls Tillyfourie "Whitehill".
  23. ^ Status was "ruin" and stones 5+5/13 before 1999 reconstruction of Bradley (2005).
  24. ^ According to Ruggles (1984, Table 1). WRE after 1999 reconstruction.[30]
  25. ^ Burl calls Tyrebagger "Dyce".
  26. ^ a b Only one fallen orthostat exists.[32]
  27. ^ a b Included in Welfare (2011a) in Appendix 1, number 65, as not meeting the requirements of an RSC.[33]
  28. ^ a b Only one fallen orthostat exists.[33]

Notes for introduction

  1. ^ Coles' papers involving recumbent stone circles are listed below. See Frederick Coles for his whole series of PSAS papers including his 1910 summary table.
  2. ^ In particular Ruggles (1984), Ruggles & Burl (1985), Burl (1995) and Burl (2000).

References

Citations

  1. ^ a b Welfare (2011), p. 1.
  2. ^ Burl (2000), pp. 215–218.
  3. ^ Welfare (2011), pp. 31–33, 67, 73, 162–167.
  4. ^ Burl (2000), p. 226.
  5. ^ Welfare (2011), pp. 3–8.
  6. ^ Burl (2000), p. 219.
  7. ^ Welfare (2011), p. p=16.
  8. ^ Burl (2000), pp. 41–42.
  9. ^ Ó Nualláin (1975), pp. 84–85.
  10. ^ Welfare (2011), pp. 195–196.
  11. ^ Burl (2000), pp. 419–435.
  12. ^ Welfare (2011a), Gazetteer, pp. 273–490 (pp. 11–226 in pdf file).
  13. ^ Noble (2015), pp. 584–585.
  14. ^ Welfare (2011), pp. 1–29.
  15. ^ Welfare (2011a), Appendix 1, pp. 271–490 (p. 7–226 in pdf file).
  16. ^ Welfare (2011a), Appendix 1, pp. 492–550 (pp. 228–286 in pdf file).
  17. ^ Welfare (2011), p. 19–20.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h Coles (1904).
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i Coles (1900).
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Coles (1902).
  21. ^ Davidson (1878), p. 4.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h Coles (1901).
  23. ^ a b c d e Coles (1906).
  24. ^ a b c d e f Burl (2000).
  25. ^ Burl (1995).
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h Coles (1903).
  27. ^ a b Ritchie (1917).
  28. ^ a b c Coles (1905).
  29. ^ Ritchie (1919).
  30. ^ Bradley (2005).
  31. ^ a b Bradley & Clarke (2016), pp. 7–26.
  32. ^ a b c d Historic Environment Scotland. "Hillhead (138717)". Canmore. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  33. ^ a b c Historic Environment Scotland. "Nether Coullie (18657)". Canmore. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  34. ^ Welfare (2011), Individual site entry in gazetteer.
  35. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Mill Of Birkenbower (304497)". Canmore. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  36. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Holmhead (363542)". Canmore. Retrieved 18 March 2020.

Works cited and further reading


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