List of regions in the human brain

The Brodmann areas of a human brain
Most famous parts of the brain highlighted in different colours

The human brain anatomical regions are ordered following standard neuroanatomy hierarchies. Functional, connective, and developmental regions are listed in parentheses where appropriate.

Hindbrain (rhombencephalon)

Embryonic vertebrate subdivisions of the developing human brain
hindbrain or rhombencephalon is a developmental categorization of portions of the central nervous system in vertebrates. It includes the medulla, pons, and cerebellum.

Myelencephalon

Metencephalon

Midbrain (mesencephalon)

Cross-section of the midbrain.

Forebrain (prosencephalon)

Diencephalon

Diencephalon

Epithalamus

Third ventricle

Thalamus

Hypothalamus (limbic system) (HPA axis)

Subthalamus (HPA axis)

Pituitary gland (HPA axis)

Telencephalon (cerebrum) Cerebral hemispheres

 orange: parietal lobe
 yellow: occipital lobe
 green: temporal lobe
 blue: cerebellum
 black: brainstem

White matter

Subcortical

Rhinencephalon (paleocortex)

Cerebral cortex (neocortex)

Neural pathways

Motor systems / Descending fibers

Somatosensory system

Visual system

Auditory system

Nerves

Neuro endocrine systems

Neuro vascular systems

Neurotransmitter pathways

Dural meningeal system

Limbic system

The limbic system, also known as the paleomammalian cortex, is a set of brain structures located on both sides of the thalamus, immediately beneath the medial temporal lobe of the cerebrum primarily in the midbrain. The classification of structures as part of the limbic system is historical and originates from the position of the structures at the boundary between two functionally distinct components (hence, the name limbus, meaning border) and the structures' shared roles in emotional processes (see limbic system for more details). Hence, there is overlap of structures in the limbic system and in other classifications of brain structures. The following areas have been considered part of the limbic system.

Other areas that have been included in the limbic system include the:

Related topics


This page was last updated at 2024-02-17 09:44 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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