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Manono, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Manono
Manono from the air
Manono from the air
Manono is located in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Manono
Manono
Coordinates: 7°17′41″S 27°27′16″E / 7.294704°S 27.454491°E / -7.294704; 27.454491Coordinates: 7°17′41″S 27°27′16″E / 7.294704°S 27.454491°E / -7.294704; 27.454491
CountryDemocratic Republic of the Congo
ProvinceTanganyika
TerritoryManono
ClimateAw
National languageSwahili

Manono is a town and territory in Tanganyika Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Location and economy

Manono lies on the western bank of the Lukushi River, a tributary of the Luvua River. The town is a river port, with barges bringing cargo from Lubumbashi. Manono is also connected to a disused railway line to Muyumba. The town lies along National Road 33 (N33) and Regional Road 628 (R628).

Economic activity is centered on mining, with the surrounding area containing approximately 100 million tonnes of minerals, including spodumene (lithium), columbite, tin and tantalite. Mining by Géomines began in 1915. The Manono-Kitotolo mine was worked almost continuously until the late 1970s, first by Géomines and later by Congo-Etain and Zairetain. Perhaps 180,000 tonnes of cassiterite ore were extracted in this period.

The collapse of the world tin price in the 1980s severely hit the town's economy. However, since 2017 exploration has been underway for lithium minerals and tin at the historical tin mine in the Manono - Kitotolo region.

Climate

Manono has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen: Aw).

Climate data for Manono
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.0
(77.0)
25.2
(77.4)
25.7
(78.3)
25.8
(78.4)
25.4
(77.7)
24.2
(75.6)
24.4
(75.9)
25.5
(77.9)
26.5
(79.7)
26.1
(79.0)
25.2
(77.4)
24.8
(76.6)
25.3
(77.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 172
(6.8)
146
(5.7)
199
(7.8)
122
(4.8)
17
(0.7)
2
(0.1)
0
(0)
6
(0.2)
44
(1.7)
90
(3.5)
161
(6.3)
181
(7.1)
1,140
(44.7)
Source: Climate-Data.org

Civil war

Manono was seriously affected by the Second Congo War (1998-2003), with many buildings destroyed. Rally for Congolese Democracy rebels and allied Rwandan soldiers took control of Manono in 1999. A hydro-electric power plant used to provide electricity, and the town used to have a brewery, which supplied the surrounding region; both were destroyed during the war.

Recent times

The UN carried out arms decommissioning in 2008, offering to accept guns in exchange for a bicycle. The scheme was successful in removing weapons. The town is served by Manono Airport. Manono has a cathedral which was built by Belgian missionaries, and was severely damaged during the war.

This page was last updated at 2022-08-27 07:19 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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