Paucituberculata

Paucituberculata
Temporal range: Late Paleocene (Itaboraian)-Recent
~58.7–0 Ma
Caenolestes sangay
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Clade: Marsupialiformes
Infraclass: Marsupialia
Order: Paucituberculata
Ameghino, 1894
Suborders
  • See text
Diversity
7 extant species
Synonyms
  • Paucituberculiformes Kinman 1994
  • Asyndactylia Thomas 1895

Paucituberculata /ˌpɔːsɪtjuːˌbɜːrkjuːˈleɪtə/ is an order of South American marsupials. Although currently represented only by the seven living species of shrew opossums, this order was formerly much more diverse, with more than 60 extinct species named from the fossil record, particularly from the late Oligocene to early Miocene epochs. The earliest paucituberculatans date to the late Paleocene (Itaboraian South American land mammal age). The group went through a pronounced decline in the middle Miocene epoch, which resulted in the extinction of all families of this order except for the living shrew opossums (Caenolestidae). Extinct families of Paucituberculatans include Pichipilidae, Palaeothentidae, and Abderitidae.

Classification

It is one of two clades of Ameridelphia, a paraphyletic group; genetic studies have shown these animals to be a sister group to Australidelphia (i.e., Didelphimorphia branched off first).

The Paucituberculata were once considered to be closely related to South American polydolopimorph metatherians, however phylogenetic analyses have found this is not true.

Subdivision

The order is subdivided into:

Phylogeny of Paucituberculata

Bardalestes

Fieratherium

Evolestes

Caenolestidae

Stilotherium

Gaimanlestes

Pliolestes

Caenolestoides

Lestoros

Rhyncholestes

Caenolestes

†Palaeothentoidea
†Pichipilidae

Phonocdromus

Pichipilus

Perulestes

Sasawatsu

Palaeothentes boliviensis

Pilchenia

†Abderitidae

Parabderites

Pitheculites

Abderites

†Palaeothentidae

Trelewthentes

Titanothentes

Acdestis

Carlothentes

Antawallathentes

Palaepanorthus

Palaeothentes

  • Bardalestes Goin et al. 2009
  • Evolestes Goin et al. 2007
  • Fieratherium Forasiepi et al. 2013
  • Riolestes Goin et al. 2009
  • Superfamily Caenolestoidea Trouessart 1898
    • Family Caenolestidae Trouessart 1898
      • Caenolestes Thomas 1895
      • Caenolestoides Arbello, Martin & Cardoso 2021
      • Gaimanlestes Arbello, Martin & Cardoso 2021
      • Lestoros Oehser 1934
      • Pliolestes Reig 1955
      • Pseudhalmarhiphus Ameghino 1903
      • Rhyncholestes Osgood 1924
      • Stilotherium Ameghino 1887
  • Superfamily †Palaeothentoidea Goin et al. 2009
    • Perulestes Goin & Candela 2004
    • Pilchenia Ameghino 1903
    • Sasawatsu Goin & Candela 2004
    • Family †Pichipilidae Marshall 1980
      • Phonocdromus Ameghino 1894
      • Pichipilus Ameghino 1890
      • Quirogalestes Goin & Candela 1998
    • Family †Abderitidae Ameghino 1889
      • Abderites Ameghino 1887
      • Parabderites Ameghino 1902
      • Pitheculites Ameghino 1902
    • Family †Palaeothentidae Sinclair 1906
      • Chimeralestes Engelman et al. 2017
      • Hondathentes Dumont & Brown 1997
      • Subfamily †Palaeothentinae Sinclair 1906
        • Antawallathentes Rincón et al. 2015
        • Carlothentes Bown & Fleagle 1993
        • Palaeothentes Ameghino 1887
        • Palaepanorthus Ameghino 1902
        • Propalaeothentes Bown & Fleagle 1993
      • Subfamily †Acdestinae Bown & Fleagle 1993
        • Acdestis Ameghino 1887
        • Acdestoides Bown & Fleagle 1993
        • Acdestodon Bown & Fleagle 1993
        • Titanothentes Rae, Bown & Fleagle 1996
        • Trelewthentes Bown & Fleagle 1993

See also



This page was last updated at 2024-02-04 01:20 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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