Piano Quartet No. 2 (Brahms)

Piano Quartet in A major
No. 2
Chamber music by Johannes Brahms
Johannes Brahms 1853.jpg
The composer in 1853
Opus26
Composed1861 (1861)
Performed1863
Duration50 minutes
Movementsfour
Scoring
  • violin
  • viola
  • cello
  • piano.

The Piano Quartet No. 2 in A major, Op. 26, by Johannes Brahms is scored for piano, violin, viola and cello. It was completed in 1861 and received its premiere in November 1862 by the Hellmesberger Quartet with the composer playing the piano part. It has been especially noted for drawing influence from composer Franz Schubert. Lasting approximately 50 minutes, this quartet is the longest of Brahms's chamber works to perform. He also made an arrangement of this quartet for two pianos.

Structure

The quartet is in four movements:

  1. Allegro non troppo (A major)
  2. Poco adagio (E major)
  3. Scherzo: Poco allegro (A major, trio in D minor)
  4. Finale: Allegro (A major)

Analysis

First movement

The first movement is in sonata form.

Second movement

The second movement is in rondo form.

Third movement

The third movement is a scherzo and trio in compound ternary form, where both the scherzo and the trio are in sonata form.

Fourth movement

The fourth movement is in sonata-rondo form.



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