Prevertebral fascia

Prevertebral fascia
Prevertebral fascia labeled in red, both according to older literature (e.g. Gray's) and newer literature . Section of the neck at about the level of the sixth cervical vertebra. Showing the arrangement of the fascia coli.
Latinlamina prevertebralis fasciae cervicalis
Anatomical terminology

The prevertebral fascia (also known as prevertebral layer of cervical fascia[citation needed] or vertebral fascia) is the layer of deep cervical fascia that surrounds the vertebral column. It is the deepest layer of deep cervical fascia.

It encloses the sympathetic trunk, brachial plexus, phrenic nerve, prevertebral muscles, and the cervical vertebral column.


The prevertebral fascia extends medially behind the carotid vessels, where it assists in forming their sheath, and passes in front of the prevertebral muscles.

The prevertebral fascia is fixed above to the base of the skull, and below it extends behind the esophagus into the posterior mediastinal cavity of the thorax. It descends in front of the longus colli muscles.

The prevertebral fascia is prolonged downward and laterally behind the carotid vessels and in front of the scalene muscles. It forms a sheath for the brachial nerves, subclavian artery, and subclavian vein in the posterior triangle of the neck; it is continued under the clavicle as the axillary sheath and is attached to the deep surface of the coracoclavicular fascia.


The prevertebral fascia represents the floor of the posterior triangle of the neck.

The cervical sympathetic trunk lies upon it.: 600 

The prevertebral fascia borders the vertebral compartment of the neck.

It forms the posterior limit of a fibrous compartment, which contains the larynx and trachea, the thyroid gland, and the pharynx and esophagus.

Parallel to the carotid sheath and along its medial aspect the prevertebral fascia gives off a thin lamina, the buccopharyngeal fascia, which closely invests the constrictor muscles of the pharynx, and is continued forward from the constrictor pharyngis superior on to the buccinator.

Anterior to it, the alar (retrovisceral) fascia is attached to it by loose connective tissue only, and thus an easily distended space, the retropharyngeal space, is found between them.

Immediately anteroposteriorly the clavicle an areolar space exists between the investing layer and the sheath of the subclavian vessels, and in this space are found the lower part of the external jugular vein, the descending clavicular nerves, the transverse scapular and transverse cervical vessels, and the inferior belly of the omohyoid muscle.

This space is limited below by the fusion of the coracoclavicular fascia with the anterior wall of the axillary sheath.

Inferiorly, the prevertebral layer blends with the endothoracic fascia peripherally and fuses with the anterior longitudinal ligament centrally at approximately the level of the T3 vertebra. Due to this, the superior extent of the retropharyngeal space is essentially continuous with the root of the neck, and is termed the danger space. It extends laterally as the axillary sheath.

This page was last updated at 2024-01-02 09:04 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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