# Quart

The **quart** (symbol: **qt**) is a unit of volume equal to a quarter of a gallon. Three kinds of quarts are currently used: the **liquid quart** and **dry quart** of the US customary system and the **imperial quart** of the British imperial system. All are roughly equal to one liter. It is divided into two pints or (in the US) four cups. Historically, the exact size of the quart has varied with the different values of gallons over time and in reference to different commodities.

## Name

The term comes from the Latin *quartus* (meaning one-quarter) via the French *quart*. However, although the French word *quart* has the same root, it frequently means something entirely different. In Canadian French in particular, the quart is called *pinte*, whilst the pint is called *chopine*.

## History

Since gallons of various sizes have historically been in use, the corresponding quarts have also existed with various sizes.

## Definitions and equivalencies

### US liquid quart

In the United States, traditional length and volume measures have been legally standardized for commerce by the international yard and pound agreement of 1959, using the definition of 1 yard being exactly equal to 0.9144 meters. From this definition is derived the metric equivalencies for inches, feet, and miles, area measures, and measures of volume. The US liquid quart equals 57.75 cubic inches, which is exactly equal to 0.946352946 L.

1 US liquid quart | = | 1⁄4 | US liquid gallons |

= | 2 | US liquid pints | |

= | 4 | US liquid cups | |

= | 8 | US liquid gills | |

= | 32 | US fluid ounces | |

= | 57.75 | cubic inches | |

≡ | 0.946352946 | liters | |

≈ | 33.307 | imperial fluid ounces |

### US dry quart

In the United States, the dry quart is equal to one quarter of a US dry gallon, or exactly 1.101220942715 L.

1 US dry quart | = | 1⁄32 | US bushels |

= | 1⁄8 | US pecks | |

= | 1⁄4 | US dry gallons | |

= | 2 | US dry pints | |

= | 67.200625 | cubic inches | |

≡ | 1.101220942715 | liters | |

≈ | 38.758 | imperial fluid ounces |

### Imperial quart

The imperial quart, which is used for both liquid and dry capacity, is equal to one quarter of an imperial gallon, or exactly 1.1365225 liters. In the United Kingdom goods may be sold by the quart if the equivalent metric measure is also given.

1 imperial quart | = | 1⁄4 | imperial gallons |

= | 2 | imperial pints | |

= | 40 | imperial fluid ounces | |

≡ | 1.1365225 | liters | |

≈ | 69.355 | cubic inches | |

≈ | 38.430 | US fluid ounces |

In Canadian French, by federal law, the imperial quart is called *pinte*.

## Winchester quart

The Winchester quart is an archaic measure, roughly equal to 2 imperial quarts or 2.25 liters. The 2.5L bottles in which laboratory chemicals are supplied are sometimes referred to as Winchester quart bottles, although they contain slightly more than a traditional Winchester quart.

## Reputed quart

The reputed quart was a measure equal to two-thirds of an imperial quart (or one-sixth of an imperial gallon), at about 0.7577liters, which is very close to one US fifth (0.757 liters).

The reputed quart was previously recognized as a standard size of wine bottle in the United Kingdom, and is only about 1% larger than the current standard wine bottle of 0.75L.