Right coronary artery

Right coronary artery
Blood supply of the heart, with the right coronary artery labelled.
Details
LocationHeart
Suppliesright atrium, right ventricle, 25-35% of left ventricle
Identifiers
Latinarteria coronaria dextra
Acronym(s)RCA
TA98A12.2.03.101
TA24131
FMA50039
Anatomical terminology

In the blood supply of the heart, the right coronary artery (RCA) is an artery originating above the right cusp of the aortic valve, at the right aortic sinus in the heart. It travels down the right coronary sulcus, towards the crux of the heart. It gives off many branches, including the sinoatrial nodal artery, right marginal artery, posterior interventricular artery, conus artery, and atrioventricular nodal branch.[citation needed] It contributes the right side of the heart, and parts of the interventricular septum.

Structure

The right coronary artery originates above the right aortic sinus above the aortic valve. It passes along the right coronary sulcus (right atrioventricular groove) towards the crux of the heart.

Segments

Variation

In approximately 80% of patients (right dominant), the RCA gives off the posterior descending artery (PDA). In the other 20%, of cases (left dominant or codominant), the PDA arises from the left circumflex artery or is supplied by both the right coronary artery and the left circumflex. The PDA supplies the inferior wall, ventricular septum, and the posteromedial papillary muscle.[citation needed]

The RCA also supplies the SA nodal artery in 60% of people. The other 40% of the time, the SA nodal artery is supplied by the left circumflex artery.[citation needed]

Although rare, several anomalous courses of the right coronary artery have been described including origin from the left aortic sinus.

Distribution

The right coronary artery supplies oxygenated blood to the right atrium, the right ventricle, and the posterior third and inferior end of the interventricular septum. It may also supply 25% to 35% of the left ventricle (LV).

There is significant overlap of supply of the coronary arteries. The right coronary artery is dominant over the left coronary artery 50% of the time, equal to it 20% of the time, and less significant than it 30% of the time.

Additional images


This page was last updated at 2024-04-15 06:34 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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