Saflieni phase

e  hMaltese prehistoric chronology
(Based on recalibrated radiocarbon dating)
Period Phase Dates BC c.
Neolithic
(5000-4100 BC)
Għar Dalam 5000-4500 BC
Grey Skorba 4500-4400 BC
Red Skorba 4400-4100 BC
Temple Period
(4100–2500 BC)
Żebbuġ 4100–3800 BC
Mġarr 3800-3600 BC
Ġgantija 3600-3000 BC
Saflieni 3300-3000 BC
Tarxien 3000-2500 BC
Bronze Age
(2500–700 BC)
Tarxien Cemetery 2500–1500 BC
Borġ in-Nadur 1500–700 BC
Baħrija 900–700 BC

The Saflieni phase is one of the eleven phases of Maltese prehistory, the fourth of five in the middle or Temple period. It is named for the Ħal-Saflieni Hypogeum, an underground temple complex now recognised as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, which was built mainly in this period.

The Saflieni phase, from approximately 3300–3000 BC,[citation needed] is a brief transitional phase between the Ġgantija and Tarxien phases, the two main phases during which the principal Megalithic temples of Malta were built.: 21  Saflieni-phase ceramics may provide a useful indication of separation between the two long phases.: 45  They have been recovered a number of Megalithic sites, including: the top level of the remains at Santa Verna at Xagħra in Gozo; from the eastern part of the temple of Ta' Ħaġrat in Mġarr; and from the lower levels of the east temple at Skorba.: 45–46 


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