Sagittal plane (Redirected from Saggital plane)

Sagittal plane
The main anatomical planes of the human body, including mid-sagittal or median (red), parasagittal (yellow), frontal or coronal plane (blue) and transverse or axial plane (green)
Mid-sagittal section of a human skull,
by Leonardo da Vinci, c. 1489
Latinplana sagittalia
Anatomical terminology

The sagittal plane (/ˈsædʒɪtəl/; also known as the longitudinal plane) is an anatomical plane that divides the body into right and left sections. It is perpendicular to the transverse and coronal planes. The plane may be in the center of the body and divide it into two equal parts (mid-sagittal), or away from the midline and divide it into unequal parts (para-sagittal).

The term sagittal was coined by Gerard of Cremona.

Variations in terminology

Examples of sagittal planes include:

The term sagittal is derived from the Latin word sagitta, meaning "arrow". An image of an arrow piercing a body and passing from front (anterior) to back (posterior) on a parabolic trajectory would be one way to demonstrate the derivation of the term. Another explanation would be the notching of the sagittal suture posteriorly by the lambdoidal suture —similar to feathers on an arrow.

  • Sagittal axis or anterior-posterior axis is the axis perpendicular to the coronal plane, i.e., the one formed by the intersection of the sagittal and the transversal planes
  • Coronal axis, medial-lateral axis, or frontal axis is the axis perpendicular to the sagittal plane, i.e., the one formed by the intersection of the coronal and the transversal planes.
  • Extension and flexion are the movements of limbs within the sagittal plane.
  • Abduction and adduction are terms for movements of limbs within the coronal plane.
  • Sagittal plane movements include flexion, extension, and hyperextension, as well as dorsiflexion and plantar flexion.

Additional images

See also

This page was last updated at 2024-04-18 21:33 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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