Soyuz T-11

Soyuz T-11
Mission Patch, depicting Surya in his chariot.
COSPAR ID1984-032A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.14872
Mission duration181 days, 21 hours, 48 minutes,
Orbits completed~2,935
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeSoyuz-T
ManufacturerNPO Energia
Launch mass6,850 kilograms (15,100 lb)
Landing mass2,800 kilograms (6,200 lb)
Crew size3
LaunchingYury Malyshev
Gennady Strekalov
Rakesh Sharma
LandingLeonid Kizim
Vladimir Solovyov
Oleg Atkov
Start of mission
Launch date3 April 1984, 13:08:00 (1984-04-03UTC13:08Z) UTC
Launch siteBaikonur 31/6
End of mission
Landing date2 October 1984, 10:57:00 (1984-10-02UTC10:58Z) UTC
Landing site46 kilometres (29 mi) E of Arkalyk
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude195 kilometres (121 mi)
Apogee altitude224 kilometres (139 mi)
Inclination51.6 degrees
Period88.7 minutes
Docking with Salyut 7

Rakesh Sharma, Yury Malyshev and Gennadi Strekalov.
Soyuz programme
(Crewed missions)

Soyuz T-11 was the sixth expedition to the Soviet Salyut 7 space station, which in 1984 carried the first Indian cosmonaut along with Soviet crew members.

Salyut 7 was uncrewed after the undocking of Soyuz T-11 in October 1984 until Soyuz T-13 docked with the station in June 1985. Salyut 7 developed problems during the time it was uncrewed, which meant that the crew of Soyuz T-13 had to perform a manual docking and do repairs to the station.


Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander Yuri Malyshev
Second and last spaceflight
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Leonid Kizim
Second spaceflight
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Flight Engineer Gennady Strekalov
Third spaceflight
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Vladimir Solovyov
First spaceflight
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Research Cosmonaut Rakesh Sharma
Only spaceflight
India India
Oleg Atkov
Only spaceflight
Soviet Union Soviet Union

Backup crew

Position Crew
Commander Anatoly Berezovoy
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Flight Engineer Georgy Grechko
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Research Cosmonaut Ravish Malhotra
India India

Mission parameters

  • Mass: 6850 kg
  • Perigee: 195 km
  • Apogee: 224 km
  • Inclination: 51.6°
  • Period: 88.7 minutes

Mission highlights

Rakesh Sharma, aboard Salyut 7 for 7 days, 21 hours, and 40 minutes, conducted an Earth observation program concentrating on India. He also did life sciences and materials processing experiments, including silicium fusing tests. He is also reported to have experimented with practicing yoga to deal with the effects of prolonged orbital spaceflight.

The Soyuz T-11 launch crew Malyshev, Strekalov, and Sharma returned from space in the Soyuz T-10 spacecraft on 11 April 1984.

This page was last updated at 2024-04-07 23:46 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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