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Spatial inequality

Spatial inequality is the unequal amounts of qualities or resources and services depending on the area or location, such as medical or welfare. Some communities have a greater range of resources and services and then those that would be able to change that do not live near or associate with those communities making it almost impossible to change this cycle. The space within the different locations is the clustering of various groups of people who share similar socioeconomic statuses.

Spatial inequality is caused by many things, such as religion, culture, race, and the economies of agglomeration.[1] Areas of people in poverty will remain that way until various resources and services are introduced. Resources are things such as fresh drinking water. Services include educational institutions and hospitals/other health services. In the geographical space, various regions (area, district, province, states) showing different levels of socioeconomic development is called spatial inequality in regional development.


  1. ^ Romero, Jessie and Schwartzman, Felipe F. Inequality in and across Cities. October 2018, No. 18-10. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond Economic Brief.

Further reading

  • Combes, Mayer and Thisse, Economic Geography: The Integration of Regions and Nations (Princeton University Press 2009)
  • Chakravorty, Sanjoy (2003 a), “Industrial Location in Post-reform India: Patterns of Inter-regional Divergence and Intra-regional Convergence”, Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 120–52.
  • Deichmann, Uwe; Somik V. Lall; Stephen J. Redding and Anthony J. Venables (2008), “Industrial Location in Developing Countries”, The World Bank Research Observer, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp 219–46.
  • Fujita, Masahisa (1996): “Economics of Agglomeration”, Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Vol. 10, pp. 339–378.
  • Fujita, Masahisa and Paul Krugman (2004): “The new economic geography: Past, present and the future”, Papers in Regional Science, Vol. 83, No. 1, pp. 139–164.
  • Krugman, Paul (1991a), “Increasing Returns and Economic Geography”, The Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 99, No. 3, pp. 483–499.
  • Lall, Somik V., Jun Koo and Sanjoy Chakravorty (2003): “Diversity Matters: The Economic Geography of Industry Location in India”, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3072, Washington DC.
  • Lall, Somik V. and Sanjoy Chakravorty (2005), “Industrial Location and Spatial Inequality: Theory and Evidence from India”, Review of Development Economics, Vol.9, No. 1, pp. 47–68
  • Wei, Yehua Dennis (ed.) (2015), "Spatial Inequality", Applied Geography, Vol.61, pp. 1-116.

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