Supraglenoid tubercle

Supraglenoid tubercle
Left scapula. Lateral view. Supraglenoid tubercle labeled in red.
Bones of left shoulder. Supraglenoid tubercle shown in red.
Details
Identifiers
Latintuberculum supraglenoidale
TA98A02.4.01.020
TA21163
FMA23263
Anatomical terms of bone

The supraglenoid tubercle is a region of the scapula from which the long head of the biceps brachii muscle originates. It is a small, rough projection superior to the glenoid cavity near the base of the coracoid process. The term supraglenoid is from the Latin supra, meaning above, and glenoid, meaning socket or cavity.

Clinical relevance

Biceps tendonitis

Biceps tendonitis originates on the long head of the biceps brachii at the supraglenoid tubercle in 30% of cases. The main symptom is generally anterior biceps instability, but the disease can also be characterized by chronic anterior shoulder pain which radiates towards the lateral part of the elbow. In cases of biceps tendinitis, steroids can be injected fluoroscopically at the supraglenoid tubercle to reduce pain associated with the pathology.

Avulsion

The supraglenoid tubercle ossifies separately from the rest of the scapula, so may not be as strong as the rest of the bone. It can be pulled off (avulsed), often after an excessively strong contraction of the biceps brachii. This may also cause a fracture of the surrounding parts of the scapula, particularly the glenoid cavity. This may also occur in horses. This type of bone fracture is quite rare.

Additional images

See also



This page was last updated at 2024-04-18 13:45 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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