Tritheledontidae

Tritheledontidae
Temporal range: Late Triassic to Early Jurassic
Restoration of Pachygenelus monus
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Synapsida
Clade: Therapsida
Clade: Cynodontia
Clade: Prozostrodontia
Family: Tritheledontidae
Broom, 1912
Genera

Tritheledontidae, the tritheledontids or ictidosaurs, is an extinct family of small to medium-sized (about 10 to 20 cm long) cynodonts. They were highly mammal-like, specialized cynodonts, although they still retained a few reptile-like anatomical traits. Tritheledontids were mainly carnivorous or insectivorous, though some species may have developed omnivory. Their skeletons show that they had a close relationship to mammals. Tritheledontids or their closest relatives may have given rise to the mammaliaforms. The tritheledontids were one of the longest lived non-mammalian therapsid lineages, living from the late Triassic to the Jurassic period. Tritheledontids became extinct in the Jurassic period, possibly due to competition with prehistoric mammals such as the eutriconodonts. They are known from finds in South America and South Africa, indicating that they may have lived only on the supercontinent of Gondwana. The family Tritheledontidae was named by South African paleontologist Robert Broom in 1912. The family is often misspelled "Trithelodontidae".

It is possible that tritheledontids had vibrissae, according to the PBS documentary, Your Inner Fish. A common ancestor of all therian mammals did so. It is possible that the development of the whisker sensory system played an important role in mammalian development, more generally.

Phylogeny

Cladogram after Ruta, Botha-Brink, Mitchell and Benton (2013):

Eucynodontia

Cynognathia

Probainognathia

Lumkuia

Ecteninion

Aleodon

Chiniquodon

Probainognathus

Trucidocynodon

Therioherpeton

Tritheledontidae

Riograndia

Chaliminia

Elliotherium

Diarthrognathus

Pachygenelus

Brasilodontidae

Brasilitherium

Brasilodon

Tritylodontidae

Oligokyphus

Kayentatherium

Tritylodon

Bienotherium

Mammaliaformes

Sinoconodon

Morganucodon

Mammalia

See also


This page was last updated at 2024-02-10 11:15 UTC. Update now. View original page.

All our content comes from Wikipedia and under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.


Top

If mathematical, chemical, physical and other formulas are not displayed correctly on this page, please useFirefox or Safari