Tyrebagger stone circle

Tyrebagger
Recumbent and flankers
1900 sketch
Tyrebagger stone circle is located in Aberdeen
Tyrebagger stone circle
Shown within Aberdeen
LocationScotland
RegionAberdeen
OS grid referenceNJ859132
TypeRecumbent stone circle
Site notes
Public accessYes
Designated1925
Identifiers
Historic Environment ScotlandSM22

Tyrebagger stone circle is located at Dyce, near to Aberdeen in Scotland. It is a complete recumbent stone circle. It was used as a cattle pound in the past and now stands close to the Aberdeen Western Peripheral Route. It is a scheduled monument since 1925.

Recumbent stone circles

A recumbent stone circle is a type of stone circle constructed in the early Bronze Age. The identifying feature is that the largest stone (the recumbent) is always laid horizontally, with its long axis generally aligned with the perimeter of the ring between the south and southwest.[1][2] A flanker stone stands each side of the recumbent and these are typically the tallest stones in the circle, with the smallest being situated on the northeastern aspect. The rest of the circle is usually composed of between six and ten orthostats graded by size.[1] The builders tended to select a site which was on a level spur of a hill with excellent views to other landmarks.[3] Over seventy of these circles are found in lowland Aberdeenshire in northeast Scotland – the most similar monuments are the axial stone circles of southwest Ireland. Recumbent stone circles generally enclosed a low ring cairn, though over the millennia these have often disappeared.[2] They may have been a development from the Clava cairns found nearby in Inverness-shire and axial stone circles may have followed the design.[2][4] Whilst cremated remains have been found at some sites, the precise function of these circles is not known.[5]

Description

Tyrebagger stone circle stands on a hill above the Standingstones farm at Dyce near to Aberdeen. It is one of the few examples of a complete recumbent stone circle and is 18.5 metres in diameter.[6] It is composed of eleven stones: the 24 ton recumbent stone is grey granite and the orthostats are red granite.[7] Aubrey Burl believed the stones came from a nearby quarry.[3] The site became a scheduled monument in 1925.[8]

History

In the past, the stone circle was converted for use as a cattle pound by digging out the interior and filling in the areas between the orthostats with loose stones.[6][9] Frederick Coles stated in a paper published in 1900 that the circle, which he called the standing stones of Dyce, had twelve stones.[9] When the Ordnance Survey visited the circle 1865-6, the surveyors recorded ten stones. Another visit from a surveyor in 1961 reported one stone had cracked into two pieces. This was re-erected in 1999.[6] The Aberdeen Western Peripheral Route was constructed nearby in the 2010s.[10][11]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Welfare, Adam (2018). "Recumbent stone circles". In Burnham, Andy (ed.). The old stones: A field guide to the megalithic sites of Britain and Ireland. London. pp. 314–315. ISBN 9781786781543.
  2. ^ a b c Welfare, Adam (2011). Halliday, Stratford (ed.). Great crowns of stone: The recumbent stone circles of Scotland. Edinburgh: RCAHMS. pp. 1, 31, 33–37, 236, 252–255. ISBN 9781902419558.
  3. ^ a b Burl, Aubrey (1969). "The recumbent stone circles of north-east Scotland". Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. 102: 56–81. ISSN 2056-743X.
  4. ^ Burl, Aubrey (2000). The Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland, and Brittany. Yale University Press. pp. 41, 256. ISBN 0-300-08347-5.
  5. ^ Bradley, Richard; Phillips, Tim; Arrowsmith, Sharon; Ball, Chris (2005). The Moon and the Bonfire: an investigation of three stone circles in north-east Scotland. Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. p. 105. ISBN 0903903334.
  6. ^ a b c Welfare, Adam (2011). Halliday, Stratford (ed.). Great crowns of stone: The recumbent stone circles of Scotland. Edinburgh: RCAHMS. p. 478-482. ISBN 9781902419558.
  7. ^ "Tyrebagger". Canmore. Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  8. ^ "Standingstones, stone circle 300m NNW of (SM22)". portal.historicenvironment.scot. Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  9. ^ a b Coles, Frederick (1900) [First published 30-11-1900]. "Report on Stone Circles in Kincardineshire (North), and part of Aberdeenshire, with measured Plans and Drawings, obtained under the Gunning Fellowship". Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. 34 (1899): 139–198.
  10. ^ "Aberdeen bypass final section opens". BBC News. 19 February 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  11. ^ "Aberdeen Western Peripheral Route Environmental Statement 2007" (PDF). Retrieved 30 October 2020.

External links


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