Detailed Pedia

List of pterosaur genera (Redirected from Yixianopterus)

This list of pterosaurs is a comprehensive listing of all genera that have ever been included in the order Pterosauria, excluding purely vernacular terms. The list includes all commonly accepted genera, but also genera that are now considered invalid, doubtful (nomen dubium), or were not formally published (nomen nudum), as well as junior synonyms of more established names, and genera that are no longer considered pterosaurian. The list currently includes 252 genera.

Scope and terminology

There is no official, canonical list of pterosaur genera, but the most thorough attempts can be found at the Pterosauria section of Mikko Haaramo's Phylogeny Archive, the Genus Index at Mike Hanson's The Pterosauria, supplemented by the Pterosaur Species List, and in the fourth supplement of Donald F. Glut's Dinosaurs: The Encyclopedia series.

Authors and year

The authors column lists the authors of the formal description responsible for the erection of the genus listed. They are not necessarily the same as the authors of the type species as sometimes a species from one genus is determined sufficiently distinct to warrant the erection of a new genus to house it. If this is the case, only the latter authors will be listed. The year column notes the year the description was published.

Status

Naming conventions and terminology follow the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Technical terms used include:

  • Junior synonym: A name which describes the same taxon as a previously published name. If two or more genera are formally designated and the type specimens are later assigned to the same genus, the first to be published (in chronological order) is the senior synonym, and all other instances are junior synonyms. Senior synonyms are generally used, except by special decision of the ICZN, but junior synonyms cannot be used again, even if deprecated. Junior synonymy is often subjective, unless the genera described were both based on the same type specimen.
  • Nomen nudum (Latin for "naked name"): A name that has appeared in print but has not yet been formally published by the standards of the ICZN. Nomina nuda (the plural form) are invalid, and are therefore not italicized as a proper generic name would be. If the name is later formally published, that name is no longer a nomen nudum and will be italicized on this list. Often, the formally published name will differ from any nomina nuda that describe the same specimen.
  • Preoccupied name: A name that is formally published, but which has already been used for another taxon. This second use is invalid (as are all subsequent uses) and the name must be replaced. As preoccupied names are not valid generic names, they will also go unitalicized on this list.
  • Nomen dubium (Latin for "dubious name"): A name describing a fossil with no unique diagnostic features. As this can be an extremely subjective and controversial designation, this term is not used on this list.

Age

The age column denotes the epoch of geologic time to which the fossils date. Genera that are invalid, misidentified, or otherwise do not represent a valid pterosaur are listed as age N/A because there was never a time in which a pterosaur by that generic name actually lived.

Location and notes

The location column designates the geographic region where remains of the relevant genus have been found. The regions used are continents except in the case of smaller landmasses (e.g. Cuba.) Political bodies, being non-existent in the Mesozoic are not used to indicate genera locations. Genera that are invalid, misidentified, or otherwise do not represent a valid pterosaur are listed as location N/A because there was never a place in which a pterosaur by that generic name actually lived. The notes column is a collection of annotations on the scientific significance and taxonomic history of listed genera, as well as elaborations on the information presented in other columns.

The list

Genera

Genus Authors Year Status Age Location Notes
Aerodactylus Vidovic

Martill

2014 Valid Late Jurassic Europe
Aerodraco Holgado

Pêgas

2020 Valid Early Cretaceous Europe
Aerotitan Novas

et al.

2012 Valid Late Cretaceous S. America

Aetodactylus

Myers

2010

Valid

Late Cretaceous

N. America

Afrotapejara

Martill
et al

2020

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Africa

Aidachar

Nesov

1981

Misidentification

N/A

N/A

Actually a teleost fish whose remains were originally mistaken for jaw fragments of a ctenochasmatid. The mistake was corrected in 1986.

Alamodactylus Andres

Myers

2013 Valid Late Cretaceous N. America

Alanqa

Ibrahim
et al.

2010

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Africa

Albadraco Solomon et al. 2019 Valid Late Cretaceous Europe

Alcione

Longrich et al.

2018

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Africa

Allkaruen Codorniú et al. 2016 Valid Early Jurassic or Middle Jurassic S. America
Altmuehlopterus Vidovic

Martill

2017 Valid Late Jurassic Europe

Amblydectes

Hooley

1914

Nomen dubium

Early Cretaceous

Europe

Angustinaripterus

He
Xinlu
et al.

1983

Valid

Middle Jurassic

Asia

Known from a single skull recovered from the Shaximiao Formation. Its Dorygnathus-like teeth suggest it had a piscivorous diet.

Anhanguera

Campos
Kellner

1985

Valid

Early Cretaceous

S. America

A piscivorous anhanguerid from the Santana Formation. A study of its anatomy helped resolve controversy regarding pterodacyloids' posture while on the ground.

Anurognathus

Döderlein

1923

Valid

Late Jurassic.

Europe

A tiny (50 cm wingspan) insectivore known only from two skeletons recovered from the Solnhofen Formation.

Apatomerus

Williston

1903

Misidentification

Early Cretaceous

N. America

Probably a misidentified plesiosaur.

Apatorhamphus

McPhee et al.

2020 Valid

Early Cretaceous

Africa

Arambourgiania

Nesov
Kanznyshkina
Cherepanov

1987

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Asia

Aralazhdarcho

Averianov

2007

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Asia

Araripedactylus

Wellnhofer

1977

Valid

Early Cretaceous

S. America

Araripesaurus

Price

1971

Valid

Early Cretaceous

S. America

Archaeoistiodactylus


Fucha

2011

Valid

Middle Jurassic

Asia

Arcticodactylus Kellner 2015 Valid Late Triassic Europe
Ardeadactylus Bennett 2013 Valid Late Jurassic Europe

Argentinadraco

Kellner & Calvo

2017

Valid

Late Cretaceous

S. America

Arthurdactylus

Frey
Martill

1994

Valid

Early Cretaceous

S. America

Aurorazhdarcho

Frey
Meyer
Tischlinger

2011

Valid

Late Jurassic.

Europe

Aussiedraco

Kellner
Rodrigues
Costa

2011

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Australia

Austriadactylus

Dalla Vecchia
Wild
Reitner

2002

Valid

Late Triassic

Europe

Austriadraco Kellner 2015 Valid Late Triassic Europe

Avgodectes

Peters

2004

Jr. snyonym

N/A

N/A

Probable junior synonym of Haopterus.

Aymberedactylus Pêgas et al. 2016 Valid Early Cretaceous S. America

Azhdarcho

Nesov

1984

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Asia

Bakonydraco

Ösi
Weishampel
Jianu

2005

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Europe

Banguela

Headden

Campos

2015 Jr. snyonym Early Cretaceous S. America Subjective junior synonym of Thalassodromeus.

Barbaridactylus

Longrich et al.

2018

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Africa

Barbosania

Elgin
Frey

2011

Valid

Late Cretaceous

S. America

Batrachognathus

Rjabinin

1948

Valid

Late Jurassic.

Asia

Beipiaopterus

2003

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Belonochasma

Broili

1939

Misidentification

N/A

N/A

A non-pterosaurian gnathostome.

Bellubrunnus Hone

et al.

2012 Valid Late Jurassic Europe

Bennettazhia

Nesov

1991

Valid

Early Cretaceous

N. America

Bergamodactylus Kellner 2015 Valid Late Triassic Europe

Bogolubovia

Nesov
A. A. Yarkov

1989

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Asia

Boreopterus


Q. Ji

2005

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Brachytrachelus

Giebel

1852

Preoccupied

N/A

N/A

preoccupied name; now known as Scaphognathus

Brasileodactylus

Kellner

1984

Valid

Early Cretaceous

S. America

Cacibupteryx

Gasparini
Fernández
de la Fuente

2004

Valid

Late Jurassic

Cuba

Caelestiventus

Britt
Dalla Vecchia
Chure et al.

2018

Valid

Late Triassic

North America

Caiuajara

Manzig

et al.

2014 Valid Late Cretaceous S. America

Camposipterus

Rodrigues

Kellner

2013 Valid Early Cretaceous Europe

"Campylognathus"

Plieninger

1894

Preoccupied

N/A

N/A

preoccupied name; now known as Campylognathoides

Campylognathoides

Strand

1928

Valid

Early Jurassic

Europe

Carniadactylus

Dalla Vecchia

2009

Valid

Late Triassic

Europe

Formerly Eudimorphodon rosenfeldi.

Cascocauda Yang et al. 2022 Valid Middle Jurassic-Late Jurassic Asia

Cathayopterus

Wang
Zhou

2006

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Caulkicephalus

Steel
Martill
et al.

2005

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Europe

Caupedactylus

Kellner 2013 Valid Early Cretaceous S. America

Caviramus

Fröbisch
Fröbisch

2006

Valid

Late Triassic

Europe

Cearadactylus

Leonardi
Borgomanero

1985

Valid

Early Cretaceous

S. America

Changchengopterus

2009

Valid

Late Jurassic

Asia

Chaoyangopterus

Wang
Zhou

2003

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Cimoliopterus

Rodrigues

Kellner

2013 Valid Late Cretaceous Europe

Cimoliornis

Owen

1846

Nomen nudum

N/A

N/A

Coloborhynchus

Owen

1874

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Europe
N. America
S. America
Africa

Comodactylus

Galton

1981

Nomen dubium

Late Jurassic

N. America

Cretornis

Fritsch

1880

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Europe

Criorhynchus

Owen

1874

Jr. snyonym

N/A

N/A

Jr. synonym of Ornithocheirus.

Cryodrakon Hone et al. 2019 Valid Late Cretaceous N. America

Ctenochasma

von Meyer

1852

Valid

Late Jurassic.

Europe

Cuspicephalus

Martill
Etches

2013

Valid

Late Jurassic

Europe

Cycnorhamphus

Seeley

1870

Valid

Late Jurassic.

Europe

"Daitingopterus"

Maisch
Matzke
Ge Sun

2004

Nomen nudum

Late Jurassic

Europe

Daohugoupterus Cheng et al. 2015 Valid Late Jurassic Asia

Darwinopterus


Unwin
et al.

2009

Valid

Middle Jurassic

Asia

Intermediate form between rhamphorhynchoids and pterodactyloids.

Dawndraco

Kellner

2010

Valid

Late Cretaceous

N. America

Possible junior synonym of Geosternbergia.

Dearc Jagielska et al. 2022 Valid Middle Jurassic Isle of Skye

Dendrorhynchoides

S.-A. Ji
Q. Ji
Padian

1999

Valid

Late Jurassic or Early Cretaceous

Asia

"Dendrorhynchus"

S.-A. Ji
Q. Ji

1998

Preoccupied

N/A

N/A

Preoccupied name; now known as Dendrorhynchoides.

Dermodactylus

Marsh

1881

Nomen dubium

Late Jurassic

N. America

Dimorphodon

Owen

1859

Valid

Early Jurassic

Europe

Diopecephalus

Seeley

1871

Valid

Late Jurassic

Europe

Dolicorhamphus

Seeley

1875

Nomen dubium

Middle Jurassic

Europe

Domeykodactylus

Martill
Frey
et al.

2000

Valid

Early Cretaceous

S. America

Doratorhynchus

Seeley

1875

Nomen vanum

Late Jurassic or Early Cretaceous

Europe

Dorygnathus

Wagner

1860

Valid

Early Jurassic

Europe

Douzhanopterus

Wang et al.

2017

Valid

Late Jurassic

Asia

Draigwenia Holgado 2021 Valid Early Cretaceous Europe

Dsungaripterus

Young

1964

Valid

Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous

Asia

Elanodactylus

Andres
Ji, Q.

2008

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Eoazhdarcho


Ji

2005

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Eopteranodon


Zhang

2005

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Eosipterus

Ji
Ji

1997

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Epapatelo Fernandes et al. 2022 Valid Late Cretaceous Africa

Eudimorphodon

Zambelli

1973

Valid

Late Triassic

Europe

Europejara Vullo

et al.

2012 Valid Early Cretaceous Europe

Eurazhdarcho

Vremir

et al.

2013 Valid Late Cretaceous Europe
Eurolimnornis Kessler

Jurcsák

1986 Valid Early Cretaceous Europe Originally described as a bird, subsequently reinterpreted as a pterosaur.

Faxinalipterus

Bonaparte,
et al.

2010

Misidentification

N/A

N/A

Originally described as a pterosaur, but has since been reinterpreted as a non-pterosaur pterosauromorph.

Feilongus

Wang,
Kellner,
et al.

2005

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Fenghuangopterus


Fucha
Chen

2010

Valid

Middle Jurassic

Asia

Ferrodraco Pentland et al. 2019 Valid Late Cretaceous Australia
Forfexopterus Jiang et al. 2016 Valid Early Cretaceous Asia

Gallodactylus

Fabre

1974

Jr. snyonym N/A N/A Jr. synonym of Cycnorhamphus.

Geosternbergia

Miller

1978

Valid N/A

N/A

Probable Jr. synonym of Pteranodon.

Gegepterus

X. Wang
Kellner
et al.

2007

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Germanodactylus

Yang

1964

Valid

Late Jurassic.

Europe

Gladocephaloideus


Ji
Wei
Liu

2011

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Gnathosaurus

von Meyer

1833

Valid

Late Jurassic

Europe

Guidraco Wang

et al.

2012 Valid Early Cretaceous Asia

Gwawinapterus

Arbour
Currie

2011

Misidentification

Late Cretaceous

N. America

Initially thought to be an istiodactylid pterosaur, but subsequently reinterpreted as an indeterminate saurodontid fish.

Hamipterus

Wang

et al.

2014 Valid Early Cretaceous Asia

Haopterus

Wang X.

2001

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Harpactognathus

Carpenter
Unwin
et al.

2003

Valid

Late Jurassic

N. America

Hatzegopteryx

Buffetaut
Grigorescu
Csiki

2002

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Europe

Herbstosaurus

Casamiquela

1974

Valid

Late Jurassic

S. America

Hongshanopterus

X. Wang
Campos
et al.

2008

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Huanhepterus

Dong

1982

Valid

Late Jurassic

Asia

Huaxiapterus


C. Yuan

2005

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Iberodactylus Holgado et al. 2019 Valid Early Cretaceous Europe

Ikrandraco

Wang

et al.

2014 Valid Early Cretaceous Asia

Ingridia

Unwin
Martill

2007

Jr. snyonym

N/A

N/A

Objective Jr. synonym of Tupandactylus.

Istiodactylus

Howse
Milner
Martill

2001

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Europe

Javelinadactylus

Campos

2021

Jr. synonym

N/A

N/A

Junior synonym of Wellnhopterus. Although named a few months earlier, its description was retracted over allegations that the describer did not have access to its holotype, and seemingly wrote it to beat out a major series of papers which the Wellnhopterus description was part of.

Jeholopterus

X. Wang
Zhou

2002

Valid

Middle Jurassic or Early Cretaceous

Asia

Jianchangnathus

Cheng
Wang
Jiang
Kellner

2012

Valid

Middle Jurassic

Asia

Jianchangopterus


Bo

2011

Valid

Middle Jurassic

Asia

Jidapterus

Dong
Sun
Wu

2003

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Kariridraco

Cerqueira
et al.

2021

Valid

Early Cretaceous

S. America

Kepodactylus

Harris
Carpenter

1996

Valid

Late Jurassic

N. America

Keresdrakon Kellner et al. 2019 Valid Early Cretaceous

to Late Cretaceous

S. America

Klobiodon

O'Sullivan
Martill

2018

Valid

Middle Jurassic

Europe

Kunpengopterus

X. Wang
Kellner
et al.

2010

Valid

Middle Jurassic

Asia

Kryptodrakon

Andres

Clark
Xu

2014 Valid Middle Jurassic and/or Late Jurassic Asia

Lacusovagus

Witton

2008

Valid

Early Cretaceous

S. America

Laopteryx

Marsh

1881

Nomen dubium

Late Jurassic

N. America

Leptostomia

Smith et al.

2020

Valid

Early or Late Cretaceous

Africa

Liaodactylus

C.-F. Zhou
et al.

2017

Valid

Late Jurassic

Asia

Liaoningopterus

X.-L. Wang
Z.-H. Zhou

2003

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Liaoxipterus

Dong

2005

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Limnornis Kessler

Jurcsák

1984 Preoccupied Early Cretaceous Europe Originally described as a bird; fossils later renamed Palaeolimnornis.
Linlongopterus Rodrigues et al. 2015 Valid Early Cretaceous Asia
Lingyuanopterus Xu et al. 2022 Valid Early Cretaceous Asia

"Lithosteornis"

Gervais

1844

Nomen nudum

N/A

N/A

Nomen nudum.

Lonchodectes

Hooley

1914

Valid

Early Cretaceous to Late Cretaceous

Europe

Lonchodraco

Rodrigues

Kellner

2013 Valid

Early Cretaceous to Late Cretaceous

Europe

Lonchognathosaurus

Maisch
Matzke
Ge Sun

2004

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Longchengpterus

L. Wang
L. Li
et al.

2006

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Luchibang

Hone
L. Li
et al.

2020

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Ludodactylus

Frey
Martill
Buchy

2003

Valid

Early Cretaceous

S. America

Luopterus Hone 2020 Valid Late Jurassic Asia

Maaradactylus

Bantim et al.

2014

Valid

Early Cretaceous

S. America

Macrotrachelus

Giebel

1852

Jr. snyonym

N/A

N/A

Jr. synonym of Pterodactylus.

Mesadactylus

Jensen
Padian

1989

Valid

Late Jurassic

N. America

Microtuban

Elgin
Frey

2011

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Africa

Mimodactylus

Kellner
et al.

2019

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Lebanon

Mistralazhdarcho

Vullo
Garcia

Godefroit et al.

2018

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Europe

Moganopterus

et al.

2012 Valid Early Cretaceous Asia

Montanazhdarcho

Padian
Horner
de Ricqlès

1993

Valid

Late Cretaceous

N. America

Muzquizopteryx

Frey
Buchy
et al.

2006

Valid

Late Cretaceous

N. America

Mythunga

Molnar
Thulborn

2008

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Australia

Navajodactylus

Sullivan
Fowler

2011

Valid

Late Cretaceous

N. America

Nemicolopterus

X. Wang
Kellner
et al.

2008

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Nesodactylus

Colbert

1969

Valid

Late Jurassic

Cuba

Nesodon

Jensen
Ostrom

1977

Lapsus calami

N/A

N/A

Misspelling of Nesodactylus, also preoccupied by a toxodont.

Nicorhynchus Holgado

Pêgas

2020 Valid

Early Cretaceous to Late Cretaceous

Africa

Europe

Ningchengopterus

2009

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Noripterus

Yang

1973

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Normannognathus

Buffetaut
J.-J. Lepage
G. Lepage

1998

Valid

Late Jurassic

Europe

Nurhachius

Wang
Kellner
et al.

2003

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Nyctodactylus

Marsh

1881

Jr. snyonym

N/A

N/A

Jr. synonym of Nyctosaurus.

Nyctosaurus

Marsh

1876

Valid

Late Cretaceous

N. America,
S. America

"Odontorhynchus"

Stolley

1936

Jr. snyonym

N/A

N/A

Jr. synonym of Rhamphorhynchus.

"Oolithorhynchus"

Whalley

2000

Nomen nudum

Manuscript name about which almost nothing is known.

Orientognathus et al. 2015 Valid Late Jurassic Asia

Ordosipterus

Ji

2020

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Ornithocephalus

von Sömmering

1812

Jr. snyonym

N/A

N/A

Jr. synonym of Pterodactylus.

Ornithocheirus

Seeley

1869

Valid

Early Cretaceous.

Europe

Ornithodesmus

Seeley

1887

Misidentification

N/A

N/A

Misidentified dromaeosaurid.

Ornithopterus

Fitzinger

1843

Jr. snyonym

N/A

N/A

Jr. synonym of Rhamphorhynchus.

Ornithostoma

Seeley

1871

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Europe

"Osteornis"

Gervais

1844

Nomen nudum

N/A

Europe

Nomen ex dissertationae for pterosaur remains later named Palaeornis and Cimoliornis.

Otogopterus Ji

Zhang

2020 Valid Early Cretaceous Asia
Pachagnathus Martínez

et al.

2022 Valid Late Triassic S. America

Pachyrhamphus

Fitzinger

1843

Preoccupied

N/A

N/A

Preoccupied name; now known as Scaphognathus

Palaeocursornis Kessler

Jurcsák

1986 Valid Early Cretaceous Europe Originally described under the name Limnornis as a bird; Limnornis was preoccupied, and the fossils were subsequently reinterpreted as pterosaurian.

Palaeornis

Mantell

1844

Preoccupied

N/A

N/A

preoccupied name.

Pangupterus et al. 2016 Valid Early Cretaceous Asia

Paranurognathus

Peters

2005

Jr. snyonym

N/A

N/A

Jr. synonym of Anurognathus.

Parapsicephalus

von Arthaber

1919

Valid

Early Jurassic

Europe

Peteinosaurus

Wild

1978

Valid

Late Triassic

Europe

"Phobetor"

Bakhurina

1986

Jr. snyonym

N/A

N/A

Jr. synonym of Noripterus.

Phosphatodraco

Pereda-Suberbiola
Bardet
et al.

2003

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Africa

Piksi Varricchio 2002 Valid Late Cretaceous N. America Originally described as a bird, subsequently reinterpreted as a pterosaur.

Plataleorhynchus

Howse
Milner

1995

Valid

Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous

Europe

Prejanopterus

Vidarte
Calvo

2010

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Europe

Preondactylus

Wild

1983

Valid

Late Triassic

Europe

"Pricesaurus"

Bonaparte
Sanchez

1986

Nomen nudum

Early Cretaceous

S. America

Procoelosaurus

Atanassov

2002

Nomen ex dissertatione

Ptenodactylus

Seeley

1869

Preoccupied

N/A

N/A

Preoccupied name.

Ptenodracon

Lydekker

1888

Jr. synonym

N/A

N/A

Junior synonym of Ctenochasma.

Pteranodon

Marsh

1876

Valid

Late Cretaceous

N. America.

Ptéro-dactyle

Cuvier

1809

N/A

N/A

Renamed Pterodactylus.

Pterodactylus

Rafinesque

1815

Valid

Late Jurassic.

Africa,
Europe

Pterodaustro

Bonaparte

1970

Valid

Early Cretaceous

S. America

Pterofiltrus Jiang

Wang

2011 Valid Early Cretaceous Asia

Pteromimus

Atanassov

2002

Nomen ex dissertatione

Pteromonodactylus

Teryaev

1967

Jr. snyonym

N/A

N/A

Jr. synonym of Rhamphorhynchus.

Pterorhynchus

Czerkas
Q. Ji

2002

Valid

Late Jurassic

Asia

Pterotherium

Fischer von Waldheim

1813

Jr. snyonym

N/A

N/A

Jr. synonym of Pterodactylus.

Puntanipterus

Bonaparte
Sanchez

1975

Valid

Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous

S. America

Qinglongopterus


Unwin
et al.

2012

Valid

Middle Jurassic

Asia

Quetzalcoatlus

Lawson

1975

Valid

Late Cretaceous

N. America

Radiodactylus Andres

Myers

2013 Valid Early Cretaceous N. America

Raeticodactylus

Stecher

2008

Valid

N/A

N/A

Possible junior synonym of Caviramus

Rhabdopelix

Cope

1870

Misidentification N/A N/A At first it was thought to be a Triassic pterosaur, but is now known to be (at least in part) a kuehneosaurid.

Rhamphinion

Padian

1984

Valid

Early Jurassic

N. America

Rhamphocephalus

Seeley

1880

Misidentification

Middle Jurassic

Europe

Originally assigned to Pterosauria, later reassigned to Thalattosuchia.

Rhamphorhynchus

von Meyer

1846

Valid

Late Jurassic.

Africa,
Europe

Samrukia Naish

et al.

2012 Valid Late Cretaceous Asia Originally described as a bird but reinterpreted as a pterosaur.

Santanadactylus

de Buisonjé

1980

Valid

Early Cretaceous

S. America

Scaphognathus

Wagner

1861

Valid

Late Jurassic.

Europe

Seazzadactylus Dalla Vecchia 2019 Valid Late Triassic Europe

Sericipterus

Andres
Clark
X. Xing

2010

Valid

Late Jurassic

Asia

Serradraco

Rigal
Martill
Sweetman

2017

Valid

Late Jurassic.

Europe

Shenzhoupterus


Unwin
et al.

2008

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Simurghia

Longrich et al.

2018

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Africa

Sinomacrops

Wei et al.

2021

Valid

Middle Jurassic to Late Jurassic

Asia

Sinopterus

X. Wang
Z. Zhou

2003

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Siroccopteryx

Mader
Kellner

1999

Valid

N/A

N/A

Possible junior synonym of Coloborhynchus

Sordes

Sharov

1971

Valid

Late Jurassic.

Asia

Sultanuvaisia

Nesov

1981

Misidentification

Late Cretaceous

Asia.

Actually a fish.

Tacuadactylus

Soto et al.

2021

Valid

Late Jurassic

S. America

Tapejara

Kellner

1989

Valid

Early Cretaceous

S. America

Targaryendraco Pêgas et al. 2019 Valid Early Cretaceous Europe

Tendaguripterus

Unwin
Heinrich

1999

Valid

Late Jurassic

Africa

Tethydraco

Longrich et al.

2018

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Africa

Thalassodromeus

Kellner
Campos

2002

Valid

Early Cretaceous

S. America

Thanatosdrakon

Ortiz David
et al.

2022

Valid

Late Cretaceous

South America

Thapunngaka

Richards
et al.

2021

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Australia

"Titanopteryx"

Arambourg

1959

Preoccupied

Late Cretaceous

Asia

Preoccupied by a simuliid blackfly. It was later renamed Arambourgiania.

Tribelesodon

Bassani

1886

Misidentification

N/A

N/A

At first it was thought to be a Triassic pterosaur but is now known to be a misinterpreted specimen of the prolacertiform Tanystropheus.

Tropeognathus

Wellnhofer

1987

Valid

Early Cretaceous

S. America

One of the largest anhanguerids.

Tupandactylus

Kellner
Campos

2007

Valid

Early Cretaceous

S. America

Tupuxuara

Kellner
Campos

1988

Valid

Late Cretaceous

S. America

Uktenadactylus

Rodrigues
Kellner

2008

Valid

Early Cretaceous

N. America

Possible junior synonym of Coloborhynchus

Unwindia

Martill

2011

Valid

Late Cretaceous

S. America

Utahdactylus

Czerkas
Mickelson

2002

Valid

Late Jurassic

N. America

Vectidraco

Naish

Simpson
Dyke

2013 Valid Early Cretaceous Europe

Vesperopterylus


et al.

2017

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Volgadraco

Averianov
Arkhangelsky
Pervushov

2008

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Asia

Wellnhopterus Andres,
Langston Jr.
2021 Valid Late Cretaceous N. America

Wenupteryx

Codorniú

Gasparini

2013 Valid Late Jurassic S. America
Wightia Martill et al. 2020 Valid Early Cretaceous Europe

Wukongopterus

X. Wang
Kellner
et al.

2009

Valid

Middle Jurassic

Asia

"Wyomingopteryx"

Bakker

1994

Nomen nudum

Xericeps

D. Martill
et al.

2017

Valid

Early Cretaceous to Late Cretaceous

Africa

Yelaphomte Martínez

et al.

2022 Valid Late Triassic S. America

Yixianopterus


S. Ji
et al.

2006

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Zhejiangopterus

Z. Cai
F. Wei

1994

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Asia

Zhenyuanopterus

2010

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Asia

Ichnogenera

Genus Authors Year Status Age Location Notes

Agadirichnus

Ambroggi
Lapparent

1954

Valid

uK

Africa

Haenamichnus

Hwang
Huh
et al.

2002

Valid

uK

Asia.

More than 5 times as large as Pteraichnus, these tracks were probably made by azhdarchids.

Kouphichnium

Nopcsa

1923

Misidentification

N/A

N/A

The trackmaker was probably a limulid.

Pteraichnus

Stokes

1957

Valid

uJ

Asia
Europe
N. America

Some tracks attributed to Pteraichnus have been considered crocodilian in origin by some scientists (Padian, 1984) however, recent studies in the past decade have overturned Padian's thoughts.

Purbeckopus

Delair

1963

Nomen dubium

lK

Europe.

Oogenera

Although pterosaur eggs are known, some with complete embryos, no oogenera have been erected to house them. The holotype of the oospecies Oolithes sphaericus was briefly considered by Harry Govier Seeley to be pterosaurian in origin, although this attribution was dismissed before the formal erection of that oogenus.

See also


This page was last updated at 2022-11-24 06:03 UTC. Update now. View original page.

All our content comes from Wikipedia and under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

Contact

Top